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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

CABI Book Chapter

Animal welfare.

Book cover for Animal welfare.

Description

This second edition book is a collection of topics on animal welfare from 46 authors of varying expertise of 15 countries. The book is composed of five parts: I (issues), introduces the background and philosophy of animal welfare; II (problems), covers problems of animal welfare; III (assessment), considers various approaches to the assessment of animal welfare; IV (solutions), emphasizes how prob...

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Chapter 18 (Page no: 291)

Incentives and enforcement.

The application of welfare principles can, in practice, be achieved by several different means. The first part of the chapter deals with one of these: legislation. The main legal instruments involved are intergovernmental agreements, supranational statute law, and national law and case law. Increasingly, international harmonization is taking place to engender common ethical attitudes and to remove barriers to trade and distortion of competition. Limitations in terms of the efficacy of legislation are discussed. They relate, for example, to difficulties and differences in implementation and to a relatively low flexibility in response to public demands or development of technological advances. The second part of the chapter describes examples of measures to raise animal welfare standards that work either as incentives to improve animal welfare or work on a voluntary basis. These measures may be developed and applied by public institutions or by private organizations. Examples are private activities resulting from an ethical commitment, nongovernmental standards for biomedical research and the incorporation of aspects of farm animal welfare into supply chain management in the private sector. Public incentives may include direct payments or other rural development support measures subject to the fulfilment of either legal standards or extra standards, public information campaigns and the incorporation of animal welfare aspects into teaching and training curricula. Legislation, public incentives and voluntary measures complement each other. Their appropriate combination is important for the long-term improvement of animal welfare.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Animal ethics. Author(s): Palmer, C. Sandøe, P.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 13) Understanding animal welfare. Author(s): Keeling, L. J. Rushen, J. Duncan, I. J. H.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 27) Environmental challenge and animal agency. Author(s): Špinka, M. Wemelsfelder, F.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 44) Hunger and thirst. Author(s): Kyriazakis, I. Tolkamp, B.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 64) Pain. Author(s): Viñuela-Fernández, I. Weary, D. M. Flecknell, P.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 78) Fear and other negative emotions. Author(s): Jones, B. Boissy, A.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 98) Behavioural restriction. Author(s): Mason, G. J. Burn, C. C.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 120) Health and disease. Author(s): Cockram, M. S. Hughes, B. O.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 138) Behaviour. Author(s): Olsson, I. A. S. Würbel, H. Mench, J. A.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 155) Physiology. Author(s): Blache, D. Terlouw, C. Maloney, S. K.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 183) Preference and motivation research. Author(s): Fraser, D. Nicol, C. J.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 200) Practical strategies to assess (and improve) welfare. Author(s): Butterworth, A. Mench, J. A. Wielebnowski, N.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 215) Physical conditions. Author(s): Nielsen, B. L. Appleby, M. C. Waran, N. K.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 228) Social conditions. Author(s): Galindo, F. Newberry, R. C. Mendl, M.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 246) Human contact. Author(s): Hemsworth, P. H. Boivin, X.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 263) Genetic selection. Author(s): Hocking, P. M. D'Eath, R. B. Kjaer, J. B.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 279) Economics. Author(s): Bennett, R. Thompson, P.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 304) International issues. Author(s): Appleby, M. C. Huertas, S. M.

Chapter details