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CABI Book Chapter

Combating micronutrient deficiencies: food-based approaches.

Book cover for Combating micronutrient deficiencies: food-based approaches.


This book, inclusive of 19 chapters, provides discussions on the benefits and limitations of food-based approaches for the prevention and control of micronutrient malnutrition. Different chapters focus on specific relevant topics, including current developments in food-based approaches and their program applications, relevance of agricultural interventions to nutrition, impact of multi-sectoral pr...


Chapter 16 (Page no: 289)

Human micronutrient deficiencies: linkages with micronutrient deficiencies in soils, crops and animal nutrition.

Micronutrient contents (trace elements and minerals) of foods are partially determined by the micronutrient content and availability of the soils on which the foods are grown. In principle, under conditions of soil micronutrient deficiency, micronutrient contents of food crops can be increased by the application of micronutrients as fertilizer. The first objective of this chapter is to analyse and document the occurrences and the strengths of the linkages between micronutrient deficiencies in soils, crops, animal and human nutrition. The second objective is to assess whether micronutrient application as fertilizer can be a realistic and feasible approach in addressing human micronutrient deficiencies. Literature in the fields of soil science, agriculture, ecology, animal nutrition and human nutrition has been searched in order to document and analyse, as completely as possible, the relationships between micronutrients in soils, food crops, animal and human nutrition. Evidence for direct quantitative relationships between micronutrient deficiency in soils and in human nutrition is most clearly available for iodine and selenium, and possibly also for zinc. For zinc and selenium, addition of these micronutrients to soils can substantially increase crop micronutrient content, and thus contribute to ameliorating human micronutrient deficiency. When considering various approaches in addressing human micronutrient deficiencies, such as dietary diversification, micronutrient supplementation, micronutrient fortification of foods, developing new varieties through plant breeding and genetic manipulation, there appears to be, for some micronutrients, sufficient evidence to consider micronutrient fertilization as an alternative approach, with its own specific advantages. Currently, the most promising candidate for this approach is zinc.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 7) Strategies for preventing multi-micro nutrient deficiencies: a review of experiences with food-based approaches in developing countries. Author(s): Gibson, R. S.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 28) Addressing micronutrient malnutrition to achieve nutrition security. Author(s): Shetty, P.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 41) Agricultural interventions and nutrition: lessons from the past and new evidence. Author(s): Arimond, M. Hawkes, C. Ruel, M. T. Sifri, Z. Berti, P. R. Leroy, J. L. Low, J. W. Brown, L. R. Frongillo, E. A.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 76) A 3-year cohort study to assess the impact of an integrated food- and livelihood-based model on undernutrition in rural western Kenya. Author(s): Fanzo, J. Remans, R. Pronyk, P. M. Negin, J. Wariero, J. Mutuo, P. Masira, J. Diru, W. Lelerai, E. Kim, D. Nemser, B. Muñiz, M. Palm, C. Sanchez, P. Sachs, S. E. Sachs, J. D.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 92) Food-based, low-cost strategies to combat micronutrient deficiencies: evidence-based interventions in Lesotho and Malawi. Author(s): Aphane, J. M. Pilime, N. Saronga, N. J.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 117) Animal-source foods as a food-based approach to address nutrient deficiencies and functional outcomes: a study among Kenyan schoolchildren. Author(s): Neumann, C. G. Bwibo, N. O. Gewa, C. A. Drorbaugh, N.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 137) Small-animal revolving funds: an innovative programming model to increase access to and consumption of animal-source foods by rural households in Malawi. Author(s): MacDonald, A. C. Main, B. J. Namarika, R. H. Yiannakis, M. E. Mildon, A. M.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 150) Aquaculture's role in improving food and nutrition security. Author(s): Thompson, B. Subasinghe, R.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 163) A home gardening approach developed in South Africa to address vitamin A deficiency. Author(s): Faber, M. Laurie, S.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 183) AVRDC - the world vegetable center's approach to alleviate malnutrition. Author(s): Chadha, M. L. Engle, L. M. Hughes, J. d'A. Ledesma, D. R. Weinberger, K. M.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 198) Introducing vegetables into the India Mid-day Meal (MDM) programme: the potential for dietary change. Author(s): Muehlhoff, E. Ramana, R. Gopalan, H. Ramachandran, P.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 214) Developing micronutrient-rich snacks for pre-conception and antenatal health: the Mumbai Maternal Nutrition Project (MMNP). Author(s): Shivashankaran, D. Gurumurthy, S. Kehoe, S. H. Chheda, P. S. Margetts, B. M. Muley-Lotankar, P. Agarwal, A. Brown, N. Sahariah, S. A. Taskar, V. Fall, C. H. D. Potdar, R. D.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 224) Approaches and lessons learned for promoting dietary improvement in Pohnpei, Micronesia. Author(s): Englberger, L. Lorens, A. Pretrick, M. Raynor, B. Currie, J. Corsi, A. Kaufer, L. Naik, R. I. Spegal, R. Kuhnlein, H. V.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 254) A food systems approach to increase dietary zinc intake in Bangladesh based on an analysis of diet, rice production and processing. Author(s): Mayer, A. B. Latham, M. C. Duxbury, J. M. Hassan, N. Frongillo, E. A.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 268) Combating iron deficiency: food-based approaches. Author(s): Thompson, B.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 312) Nationwide supplementation of sodium selenate to commercial fertilizers: history and 25-year results from the Finnish selenium monitoring programme. Author(s): Alfthan, G. Aspila, P. Ekholm, P. Eurola, M. Hartikainen, H. Hero, H. Hietaniemi, V. Root, T. Salminen, P. Venäläinen, E. R. Aro, A.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 338) Leaf concentrate and other benefits of leaf fractionation. Author(s): Davys, M. N. G. Richardier, F. C. Kennedy, D. Mathan, O. de Collin, S. M. Subtil, J. Bertin, E. Davys, M. J.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 366) Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs): a methodology for conducting economic studies of food-based interventions such as biofortification. Author(s): Pérez Suárez, S.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Centre for World Food Studies (SOW-VU), VU-University, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2011
  • ISBN
  • 9781845937140
  • Record Number
  • 20103380348