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CABI Book Chapter

Ecohydrology: processes, models and case studies: an approach to the sustainable management of water resources.

Book cover for Ecohydrology: processes, models and case studies: an approach to the sustainable management of water resources.

Description

This book contains 15 chapters dealing with the integration of ecology with hydrology at the river basin scale. The patterns and processes in the catchment including nutrients, lotic vegetation and aquatic faunal processes are covered. In addition, the benefits and risks of ecological modelling to water management and nutrient budget modelling for lakes and watershed restoration are discussed. The...

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Chapter 9 (Page no: 171)

Ecohydrology driving a tropical savannah ecosystem.

Managing wildlife and human needs for water in the face of pronounced seasonal and inter-annual variability of the water is the key problem to be addressed in semi-arid East Africa. This requires a sound understanding of the ecohydrological factors driving the tropical savannah ecosystem. Such an understanding is now emerging for the Serengeti ecosystem in Tanzania and thus the lessons may well be applicable to other river catchments. The geographic setting of the Serengeti and rainfall pattern are described. The effects of salinity on wildlife migration are discussed. The interannual variability of the sized of the ecosystem, water quality and population dynamics are also discussed. The ecohydrological model can be vital for the management of the Serengeti National Park. It may enable to separate the effects on both migrating and resident wildlife of rainfall-driven variability and can also be used to predict the impact that diverting water from the River Mara would have on the entire Serengeti ecosystem.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Linking biological and physical processes at the river basin scale: the origins, scientific background and scope of ecohydrology. Author(s): Zalewski, M. Harper, D. M. Demars, B. Jolánkai, G. Crosa, G. Janauer, G. A. Pacini, N.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 18) Patterns and processes in the catchment. Author(s): Gutknecht, D. Jolánkai, G. Skinner, K.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 30) Nutrient processes and consequences. Author(s): Pacini, N. Harper, D. M. Ittekkot, V. Humborg, C. Rahm, L.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 46) Lotic vegetation processes. Author(s): Janauer, G. A. Jolánkai, G.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 62) Processes influencing aquatic fauna. Author(s): Gore, J. A. Mead, J. Penczak, T. Higler, L. Kemp, J.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 88) Ecohydrological modelling for managing scarce water resources in a groundwater-dominated temperate system. Author(s): Witte, J. P. M. Runhaar, J. Ek, R. van
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 112) The benefits and risks of ecohydrological models to water resource management decisions. Author(s): Gore, J. A. Mead, J.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 138) Nutrient budget modelling for lake and river basin restoration. Author(s): Jolánkai, G. Bíró, I.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 187) The mid-European agricultural landscape: catchment-scale links between hydrology and ecology in mosaic lakeland regions. Author(s): Hillbricht-Ilkowska, A.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 207) The ecohydrological approach as a tool for managing water quality in large South American rivers. Author(s): McClain, M. E.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 223) Ecohydrological analysis of tropical river basin development schemes in Africa. Author(s): Pacini, N. Harper, D. M.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 247) Ecohydrological management of impounded large rivers in the former Soviet Union. Author(s): Fashchevsky, B. Timchenko, V. Oksiyuk, O.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 276) Palaeohydrology: the past as a basis for understanding the present and predicting the future. Author(s): Starkel, L.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 303) Ecohydrology: understanding the present as a perspective on the future - global change. Author(s): Wagner, I.