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CABI Book Chapter

Invertebrates as webmasters in ecosystems.

Book cover for Invertebrates as webmasters in ecosystems.

Description

The current understanding of invertebrates in terrestrial and terrestrially dominated (i.e. lower-order stream) ecosystems is reviewed and assessed. The book emphasizes the centrality of the activity of invertebrates (including arthropods, insects and nematodes), which influence ecosystem function far out of proportion to their physical mass in a wide range of situations, particularly at the inter...

Metrics

Chapter 3 (Page no: 43)

Responses of grassland soil invertebrates to natural and anthropogenic disturbances.

This chapter aims to (1) summarize the major factors influencing invertebrate abundance and distribution in tallgrass prairie soils, focusing on the responses of selected soil invertebrate groups to natural disturbances (such as fire, grazing and drought); (2) identify potential linkages between changes in soil communities and the effects of disturbances on key plant and soil characteristics or processes; and (3) to discuss potential effects of novel anthropogenic perturbations (altered amounts of precipitation, elevated CO2 and increased N inputs) on soil communities and processes. It focuses on North American tallgrass prairies and draws upon studies undertaken at the Konza Prairie Long-Term Ecological Research site, with results from other grasslands where appropriate.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 3) Food web functioning and ecosystem processes: problems and perceptions of scaling. Author(s): Anderson, J. M.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 25) Keystone arthropods as webmasters in desert ecosystems. Author(s): Whitford, W. G.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 73) Effects of invertebrates in lotic ecosystem processes. Author(s): Wallace, J. B. Hutchens, J. J., Jr.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 99) Insects as regulators of ecosystem development. Author(s): Schowalter, T. D.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 115) Herbivores, biochemical messengers and plants: aspects of intertrophic transduction. Author(s): Dyer, M. I.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 141) Soil invertebrate controls and microbial interactions in nutrient and organic matter dynamics in natural and agroecosystems. Author(s): Edwards, C. A.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 161) Invertebrates in detrital food webs along gradients of productivity. Author(s): Moore, J. C. Ruiter, P. C. de
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 187) Biodiversity of oribatid mites (Acari: Oribatida) in tree canopies and litter. Author(s): Behan-Pelletier, V. Walter, D. E.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 203) Diversity in the decomposing landscape. Author(s): Hansen, R. A.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 221) The pervasive ecological effects of invasive species: exotic and native fire ants. Author(s): Carroll, C. R. Hoffman, C. A.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 233) Soil invertebrate species diversity in natural and disturbed environments. Author(s): Rusek, J.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 255) Invertebrates and nutrient cycling in coniferous forest ecosystems: spatial heterogeneity and conditionality. Author(s): Bolger, T. M. Heneghan, L. J. Neville, P.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 271) Impacts of insects on human-dominated and natural forest landscapes. Author(s): Coulson, R. N. Wunneburger, D. F.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 293) Soil fauna and controls of carbon dynamics: comparisons of rangelands and forests across latitudinal gradients. Author(s): Seastedt, T. R.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 313) Soil processes and global change: will invertebrates make a difference? Author(s): Groffman, P. M. Jones, C. G.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Division of Biology, Kansas State University, 232 Ackert Hall, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2000
  • ISBN
  • 085199394X
  • Record Number
  • 20083014825