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CABI Book Chapter

Grazing ecology and forest history.

Book cover for Grazing ecology and forest history.

Description

It is a widely held belief that a climax vegetation of closed forest systems covered the lowlands of Central and Western Europe before man intervened in prehistoric times to develop agriculture. If this intervention had not taken place, the forest would still be there, and if left the grassland vegetation and fields now present would revert to a natural closed forest state, although with a reduced...

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Chapter 9 (Page no: 397)

The 'Hanau-Münzenbergse Forstordnung', the 'Mainzer Forstordnung' and the 'General-Verordnung'.

Appendix 4 provides details of the three German regulations (the Hanau-Münzenbergse Forstordnung, the Mainzer Forstordnung, and the General Verordnung of 1744). The development of natural regeneration and description of various regeneration techniques, including the shelterwood system are given in Appendix 5. Appendices 6 and 7 discuss the selection system and the group selection system, respectively.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) General introduction and formulation of the problem. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 13) Succession, the climax forest and the role of large herbivores. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 61) Palynology, the forest as climax in prehistoric times and the effects of humans. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 102) The use of the wilderness from the Middle Ages up to 1900. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 189) Spontaneous succession in forest reserves in the lowlands of Western and Central Europe. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 287) Establishment of trees and shrubs in relation to light and grazing. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 369) Final synthesis and conclusions. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 385) Structuring the use of the wilderness. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 412) Species of trees and shrubs in landscapes grazed by large herbivores. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.