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CABI Book Chapter

Grazing ecology and forest history.

Book cover for Grazing ecology and forest history.

Description

It is a widely held belief that a climax vegetation of closed forest systems covered the lowlands of Central and Western Europe before man intervened in prehistoric times to develop agriculture. If this intervention had not taken place, the forest would still be there, and if left the grassland vegetation and fields now present would revert to a natural closed forest state, although with a reduced...

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Chapter 7 (Page no: 369)

Final synthesis and conclusions.

This concluding chapter summarizes in stages the conclusions and syntheses formulated in the preceding chapters in relation to the central hypothesis formulation in the introduction, and the null hypothesis that pedunculate (Quercus robur) and sessile oak (Q. petraea) and hazel (Corylus avellana) survive in a closed forest and regenerate in gaps in the canopy, and alternative hypothesis that the natural vegetation consists of a mosaic of large and small grasslands, scrub, solitary trees and trees growing in groups, in which the indigenous fauna of large herbivores is essential for the regeneration of species of trees and shrubs which are characteristic in Europe. This chapter concludes with the synthesis of the findings of the various chapters and draws the final conclusions on that basis. Conclusions are presented for Europe, and for the east of USA, which are partly based on the conclusions for Europe.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) General introduction and formulation of the problem. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 13) Succession, the climax forest and the role of large herbivores. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 61) Palynology, the forest as climax in prehistoric times and the effects of humans. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 102) The use of the wilderness from the Middle Ages up to 1900. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 189) Spontaneous succession in forest reserves in the lowlands of Western and Central Europe. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 287) Establishment of trees and shrubs in relation to light and grazing. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 385) Structuring the use of the wilderness. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 397) The 'Hanau-M├╝nzenbergse Forstordnung', the 'Mainzer Forstordnung' and the 'General-Verordnung'. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 412) Species of trees and shrubs in landscapes grazed by large herbivores. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.

Chapter details

  • Year of Publication
  • 2000
  • ISBN
  • 9780851994420
  • Record Number
  • 20083014460