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CABI Book Chapter

Grazing ecology and forest history.

Book cover for Grazing ecology and forest history.

Description

It is a widely held belief that a climax vegetation of closed forest systems covered the lowlands of Central and Western Europe before man intervened in prehistoric times to develop agriculture. If this intervention had not taken place, the forest would still be there, and if left the grassland vegetation and fields now present would revert to a natural closed forest state, although with a reduced...

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Chapter 5 (Page no: 189)

Spontaneous succession in forest reserves in the lowlands of Western and Central Europe.

This chapter examines the theory which states that forests that are no longer exploited, i.e., where the grazing of livestock and cutting wood have ceased, revert to their natural state. This concerns former wood-pasture or scrubland used as pasture. The way in which the two species of oak (Quercus robur and Q. petraea) and hazel (Corylus avellana) evolve in forests which developed spontaneously without large herbivores, is discussed. The spontaneous development of the vegetation in forest reservations in the east of the USA is explored. Brief outline, history, and present situation of various forest reserves in France, Germany, Austria, Slovenia, Sweden and Poland, are provided.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) General introduction and formulation of the problem. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 13) Succession, the climax forest and the role of large herbivores. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 61) Palynology, the forest as climax in prehistoric times and the effects of humans. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 102) The use of the wilderness from the Middle Ages up to 1900. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 287) Establishment of trees and shrubs in relation to light and grazing. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 369) Final synthesis and conclusions. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 385) Structuring the use of the wilderness. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 397) The 'Hanau-M├╝nzenbergse Forstordnung', the 'Mainzer Forstordnung' and the 'General-Verordnung'. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 412) Species of trees and shrubs in landscapes grazed by large herbivores. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.

Chapter details

  • Year of Publication
  • 2000
  • ISBN
  • 9780851994420
  • Record Number
  • 20083014458