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CABI Book Chapter

Grazing ecology and forest history.

Book cover for Grazing ecology and forest history.

Description

It is a widely held belief that a climax vegetation of closed forest systems covered the lowlands of Central and Western Europe before man intervened in prehistoric times to develop agriculture. If this intervention had not taken place, the forest would still be there, and if left the grassland vegetation and fields now present would revert to a natural closed forest state, although with a reduced...

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Chapter 1 (Page no: 1)

General introduction and formulation of the problem.

This introductory chapter provides data of a closed forest as natural vegetation and presents the null and alternative hypothesis on the theory that the lowlands of Western and Central Europe were covered by a natural closed forest, where the most important species were oak (Quercus), elm (Ulmus), lime (Tilia), ash (Fraxinus), beech (Fagus), hornbeam (Carpinus) and hazel (Corylus). Also presented is an overview of the remaining six chapters included in this book.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 2 (Page no: 13) Succession, the climax forest and the role of large herbivores. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 61) Palynology, the forest as climax in prehistoric times and the effects of humans. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 102) The use of the wilderness from the Middle Ages up to 1900. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 189) Spontaneous succession in forest reserves in the lowlands of Western and Central Europe. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 287) Establishment of trees and shrubs in relation to light and grazing. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 369) Final synthesis and conclusions. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 385) Structuring the use of the wilderness. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 397) The 'Hanau-M├╝nzenbergse Forstordnung', the 'Mainzer Forstordnung' and the 'General-Verordnung'. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 412) Species of trees and shrubs in landscapes grazed by large herbivores. Author(s): Vera, F. W. M.

Chapter details

  • Year of Publication
  • 2000
  • ISBN
  • 9780851994420
  • Record Number
  • 20083014454