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Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

CABI Book Chapter

Biological control: a global perspective.

Book cover for Biological control: a global perspective.


This book contains 45 chapters divided into four sections, i.e. classical biocontrol programmes, inundative (or augmentative) biocontrol programmes (using nematodes, bacteria, fungi and viruses), conservation biocontrol programmes and networking in biocontrol. It describes the personal experiences of scientists from the initial search for suitable control agents against weeds and pests, to the rel...


Chapter 19 (Page no: 179)

Development of resistance to the biopesticide Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki.

Continued use of the microbial insecticide, Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki (Bt), ultimately depends on our ability to prevent resistance from developing in pest populations. Reports of Bt resistance in field pest populations have been infrequent and largely restricted to Plutella xylostella. In contrast, populations of Trichoplusia ni present in commercial vegetable greenhouses have been shown to repeatedly develop Bt resistance. This finding has provided a unique opportunity to study the evolution of Bt resistance, and illustrates how a pest's environment can amplify resistance evolution.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Adventures in biocontrol. Author(s): Lazarovits, G. Goettel, M. S. Vincent, C.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 7) Search for biological control agents of invasive Mediterranean snails. Author(s): Coupland, J. Baker, G.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 13) Introductions of parasitoids to control the apple ermine moth in British Columbia. Author(s): Cossentine, J. E. Kuhlmann, U.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 20) Introductions of parasitoids to control the imported cabbageworm. Author(s): Driesche, R. van
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 28) Biological control of the cassava green mite in Africa: overcoming challenges to implementation. Author(s): Yaninek, S.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 38) The multicoloured Asian ladybird beetle: beneficial or nuisance organism? Author(s): Lucas, É. Labrie, G. Vincent, C. Kovach, J.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 53) Introduction of a fungus into North America for control of gypsy moth. Author(s): Hajek, A. E.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 63) Weevils control invasive thistles in Canada. Author(s): Harris, P.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 70) How many and what kind of agents for the biological control of weeds: a case study with diffuse knapweed. Author(s): Myers, J. H.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 80) Why is biocontrol of common ragweed, the most allergenic weed in Eastern Europe, still only a hope? Author(s): Kiss, L.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 92) Biocontrol for everyman: public participation in a weed project. Author(s): Wiedenmann, R. N. Post, S. L. Jeffords, M. R. Voegtlin, D. J.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 105) Biological control for insect pests in greenhouses: an unexpected success. Author(s): Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 118) From chemical to biological control in Canadian greenhouse crops. Author(s): Shipp, L. Elliott, D. Gillespie, D. Brodeur, J.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 128) An endemic omnivorous predator for control of greenhouse pests. Author(s): Gillespie, D. McGregor, R. Sanchez, J. A. VanLaerhoven, S. Quiring, D. Roitberg, B. Foottit, R. Schwartz, M. Shipp, L.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 136) Entomopathogenic nematodes: from science to commercial use. Author(s): Ehlers, R. U.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 152) A novel nematode for management of slugs. Author(s): Wilson, M.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 160) A novel bacterium for control of grass grub. Author(s): Jackson, T. A.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 169) How early discoveries about Bacillus thuringiensis prejudiced subsequent research and use. Author(s): Côté, J. C.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 185) How much biocontrol is enough? Author(s): Stewart, A. McLean, K. Hunt, J.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 197) Control of root diseases with Trichoderma spp. in forest nurseries of Central Siberia. Author(s): Gromovykh, T. I. Tyulpanova, V. A. Sadykova, V. S. Malinovsky, A. L.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 203) Commercial development of Trichoderma virens for damping-off disease. Author(s): Lumsden, R. D. Knauss, J. F.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 210) Trichoderma stromaticum for management of witches' broom of cacao in Brazil. Author(s): Pomella, A. W. V. Souza, J. T. de Niella, G. R. Bateman, R. P. Hebbar, P. K. Loguercio, L. L. Lumsden, R. D.
Chapter: 24 (Page no: 218) Lessons learned from Sporidesmium, a fungal agent for control of sclerotia-forming fungal pathogens. Author(s): Fravel, D. R.
Chapter: 25 (Page no: 224) Sporodex®, fungal biocontrol for powdery mildew in greenhouse crops. Author(s): Jarvis, W. R. Traquair, J. A. Bélanger, R. R.
Chapter: 26 (Page no: 234) Potential and limitations of Microsphaeropsis ochraceae, an agent for biosanitation of apple scab. Author(s): Carisse, O. Holloway, G. Leggett, M.
Chapter: 27 (Page no: 241) Competitive exclusion of aflatoxin producers: farmer-driven research and development. Author(s): Cotty, P. J. Antilla, L. Wakelyn, P. J.
Chapter: 28 (Page no: 254) Aflatoxin control in cotton and groundnuts: regulatory aspects. Author(s): Bacchus, S.
Chapter: 29 (Page no: 262) Postharvest biocontrol: new concepts and applications. Author(s): Wisniewski, M. Wilson, C. Droby, S. Chalutz, E. El-Ghaouth, A. Stevens, C.
Chapter: 30 (Page no: 274) Development of the mycoherbicide, BioMal®. Author(s): Boyetchko, S. M. Bailey, K. L. Hynes, R. K. Peng, G.
Chapter: 31 (Page no: 284) Development of Chondrostereum purpureum as a mycoherbicide for deciduous brush control. Author(s): Hintz, W.
Chapter: 32 (Page no: 291) Developing the production system for Chondrostereum purpureum. Author(s): Bastide, P. Y. de la Hintz, W. E.
Chapter: 33 (Page no: 300) Beauveria bassiana for pine caterpillar management in the People's Republic of China. Author(s): Li ZengZhi
Chapter: 34 (Page no: 311) Green MuscleTM, a fungal biopesticide for control of grasshoppers and locusts in Africa. Author(s): Langewald, J. Kooyman, C.
Chapter: 35 (Page no: 319) Pollinators as vectors of biocontrol agents - the B52 story. Author(s): Kevan, P. G. Sutton, J. Shipp, L.
Chapter: 36 (Page no: 328) Genetic modification for improvement of virulence of Metarhizium anisopliae as a microbial insecticide. Author(s): St. Leger, R. J.
Chapter: 37 (Page no: 336) Madex® and VirosoftCP4®, viral biopesticides for codling moth control. Author(s): Vincent, C. Andermatt, M. Valéro, J.
Chapter: 38 (Page no: 344) A nucleopolyhedrovirus for control of the velvetbean caterpillar in Brazilian soybeans. Author(s): Moscardi, F.
Chapter: 39 (Page no: 353) AbietivTM, a viral biopesticide for control of the balsam fir sawfly. Author(s): Lucarotti, C. J. Moreau, G. Kettela, E. G.
Chapter: 40 (Page no: 362) Field tests in the UK of a genetically modified baculovirus. Author(s): Cory, J. S.
Chapter: 41 (Page no: 374) Control of mites in pome fruit by inoculation and conservation. Author(s): Bostanian, N. J. Lasnier, J.
Chapter: 42 (Page no: 383) Management of aphid populations in cotton through conservation: delaying insecticide spraying has its benefits. Author(s): Steinkraus, D.
Chapter: 43 (Page no: 392) Management of pests and diseases in New Zealand and Australian vineyards. Author(s): Gurr, G. M. Scarratt, S. L. Jacometti, M. Wratten, S. D.
Chapter: 44 (Page no: 399) Take-all decline: model system in the science of biological control and clue to the success of intensive cropping. Author(s): Cook, R. J.
Chapter: 45 (Page no: 415) The biocontrol network: a Canadian example of the importance of networking. Author(s): Schwartz, J. L. Campbell, W. Laprade, R.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2007
  • ISBN
  • 9781845932657
  • Record Number
  • 20073244775