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CABI Book Chapter

Organic phosphorus in the environment.

Book cover for Organic phosphorus in the environment.

Description

This book contains state-of-the-art reviews of organic phosphorus characterization and transformations in the environment. It includes 17 chapters organized into 3 main sections. Section 1 (3 chapters) describes analytical techniques used to characterize organic phosphorus compounds in environmental samples, with chapters dedicated to state-of-the-art procedures involving chromatographic separatio...

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Chapter 10 (Page no: 205)

Ecological aspects of phosphatase activity in cyanobacteria, eukaryotic algae and bryophytes.

This paper assesses phosphorus utilization in cyanobacteria, algae and bryophytes, and reviews the methods involved in this biochemical process. Emphasis is given on soluble organic phosphate since this is the subject of most studies. The effects of substrate concentration, environmental factors (temperature, light, pH and buffers, metals, polyphenolics, and inorganic and organic phosphate), and multicellular hair formation on phosphatase activity are discussed including the factors affecting phosphatase synthesis and loss. Also given are the field locations/habitats from which phosphatase activity by the mentioned organisms are measured and monitored, viz., standing water, flowing water, marine areas and desert rocks.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Separation, preconcentration and speciation of organic phosphorus in environmental samples. Author(s): McKelvie, I. D.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 21) Using phosphorus-31 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy to characterize organic phosphorus in environmental samples. Author(s): Cade-Menun, B. J.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 45) Organic phosphorus speciation in natural waters by mass spectrometry. Author(s): Cooper, W. T. Llewelyn, J. M. Bennett, G. L. Stenson, A. C. Salters, V. J. M.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 75) Abiotic degradation of organic phosphorus compounds in the environment. Author(s): Baldwin, D. S. Howitt, J. A. Beattie, J. K.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 89) Enzymatic hydrolysis of organic phosphorus. Author(s): Quiquampoix, H. Mousain, D.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 113) Abiotic stabilization of organic phosphorus in the environment. Author(s): Celi, L. Barberis, E.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 133) Microbial turnover of phosphorus in soil. Author(s): Oberson, A. Joner, E. J.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 165) Utilization of soil organic phosphorus by higher plants. Author(s): Richardson, A. E. George, T. S. Hens, M. Simpson, R. J.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 185) Microbial turnover of organic phosphorus in aquatic systems. Author(s): Heath, R. T.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 243) Organic phosphorus dynamics in tropical agroecosystems. Author(s): Nziguheba, G. B√ľnemann, E. K.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 269) Organic phosphorus transfer from terrestrial to aquatic environments. Author(s): Turner, B. L.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 295) Interactions of organic phosphorus in terrestrial ecosystems. Author(s): Condron, L. M. Tiessen, H.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 309) Organic phosphorus in the aquatic environment: speciation, transformations and interactions with nutrient cycles. Author(s): Mitchell, A. M. Baldwin, D. S.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 325) Modelling phosphorus, carbon and nitrogen dynamics in terrestrial ecosystems. Author(s): Parton, W. J. Neff, J. Vitousek, P. M.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 349) Modelling organic phosphorus transformations in aquatic systems. Author(s): Reichert, P. Wehrli, B.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 377) Synthesis and recommendations for future research. Author(s): Turner, B. L. Frossard, E. Baldwin, D. S.