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CABI Book Chapter

Environment and livelihoods in tropical coastal zones: managing agriculture-fishery-aquaculture conflicts.

Book cover for Environment and livelihoods in tropical coastal zones: managing agriculture-fishery-aquaculture conflicts.


This book contains 22 selected papers presented at the title conference. These papers focus on the challenges people face in managing crops, aquaculture, fisheries and related ecosystems in inland areas of coastal zones in the tropics. A priority issue that emerges from the case studies presented in this book is the impact of change on poor people whose livelihoods depend upon open-access resource...


Chapter 21 (Page no: 274)

Responding to coastal poverty: should we be doing things differently or doing different things?

At the interface between land and sea, the coast is arguably one of the most complex and dynamic environments on this planet. Composed of a diversity of interacting natural, socio-cultural, economic and political systems, the coast is in a constant state of change, not only as a result of the constant biophysical forces operating at the coast but also as a result of the significant longer-term changes, viz., population growth, industrial and tourist development, pollution, habitat and biodiversity loss, changes in access rights, markets and technology and the growing reality of climatic change, that are increasingly threatening the future sustainability of coastal environments. Although many of these changes occur in other ecosystems, they are particularly concentrated on the coast. In the past, coastal people, and particularly the coastal poor, have adapted to the intrinsically dynamic nature of the coast, but they now find themselves having to respond and cope within an increasingly competitive environment, in which access to the resources they depend on is becoming more and more restricted and opportunities based on the use of natural resources in general are becoming increasingly limited. For many coastal people, particularly those dependent on natural resources, current changes mean that they must adapt or face increased marginalization and displacement from the coastal resources on which they depend. This chapter reviews the impact of current changes on the poor in coastal fishing communities, with examples from around the world, and examines existing responses to assist the poor in coping with change on the coast and finding 'alternative livelihoods'. It asserts that current responses supporting the poor to develop their livelihoods have had limited success because of the lack of understanding of who the poor are, the nature of their existing livelihoods and the wider economic, institutional, political and social influences. The use of the sustainable livelihoods approach is discussed as a means of improving our understanding of coastal poverty and linking support for livelihood diversification and enhancement with the livelihoods of the poor, their needs and aspirations, and within the context of local and wider development. Some broad principles to guide more systematic and participatory approaches to interventions are proposed.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Land and water management in coastal zones: dealing with agriculture-aquaculture-fishery conflicts. Author(s): Gowing, J. W. Tuong, T. P. Hoanh, C. T.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 17) Adapting to aquaculture in Vietnam: securing livelihoods in a context of change in two coastal communities. Author(s): Luttrell, C.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 30) Livelihood systems and dynamics of poverty in a coastal province of Vietnam. Author(s): Hossain, M. Ut, T. T. Bose, M. L.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 48) Social and environmental impact of rapid change in the coastal zone of Vietnam: an assessment of sustainability issues. Author(s): Gowing, J. W. Tuong, T. P. Hoanh, C. T. Khiem, N. T.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 61) Brackish-water shrimp cultivation threatens permanent damage to coastal agriculture in Bangladesh. Author(s): Karim, M. R.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 72) Coastal water resource use for higher productivity: participatory research for increasing cropping intensity in Bangladesh. Author(s): Mondal, M. K. Tuong, T. P. Ritu, S. P. Choudhury, M. H. K. Chasi, A. M. Majumder, P. K. Islam, M. M. Adhikary, S. K.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 86) Coastal shrimp farming in Thailand: searching for sustainability. Author(s): Szuster, B.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 99) Tracing the outputs from drained acid sulphate flood plains to minimize threats to coastal lakes. Author(s): Macdonald, B. C. T. White, I. Heath, L. Smith, J. Keene, A. F. Tunks, M. Kinsela, A.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 107) From conflict to industry-regulated best practice guidelines: a case study of estuarine flood plain management of the Tweed River, Eastern Australia. Author(s): White, I. Melville, M. Macdonald, B. C. T. Quirk, R. Hawken, R. Tunks, M. Buckley, D. Beattie, R. Heath, L. Williams, J.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 126) Mangrove dependency and the livelihoods of coastal communities in Thailand. Author(s): Barbier, E. B.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 140) Mangroves, people and cockles: impacts of the shrimp-farming industry on mangrove communities in Esmeraldas Province, Ecuador. Author(s): Ocampo-Thomason, P.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 154) Interrelations among mangroves, the local economy and social sustainability: a review from a case study in North Brazil. Author(s): Saint-Paul, U.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 163) Mangrove: changes and conflicts in claimed ownership, uses and purposes. Author(s): Cormier-Salem, M. C.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 177) Comparing land-use planning approaches in the coastal Mekong Delta of Vietnam. Author(s): Trung, N. H. Tri, L. Q. Mensvoort, M. E. F. van Bregt, A. K.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 193) Applying the Resource Management Domain (RMD) concept to land and water use and management in the coastal zone: case study of Bac Lieu Province, Vietnam. Author(s): Kam, S. P. Nhan, N. V. Tuong, T. P. Hoanh, C. T. Nam, V. T. B. Maunahan, A.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 206) Developing a consultative Bayesian model for integrated management of aquatic resources: an inland coastal zone case study. Author(s): Baran, E. Jantunen, T. Chheng, P.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 219) Aquatic food production in the coastal zone: data-based perceptions on the trade-off between mariculture and fisheries production of the Mahakam Delta and estuary, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Author(s): Zwieten, P. A. M. van Sidik, A. S. Noryadi Suyatna, I. Abdunnur
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 237) Managing diverse land uses in coastal Bangladesh: institutional approaches. Author(s): Islam, M. R.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 249) Widening coastal managers' perceptions of stakeholders through capacity building. Author(s): Tissier, M. le Hills, J. M.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 258) Can integrated coastal management solve agriculture-fisheries-aquaculture conflicts at the land-water interface? A perspective from New Institutional Economics. Author(s): Brugere, C.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 293) Achieving food and environmental security: better river basin management for healthy coastal zones. Author(s): Atapattu, S. Molden, D.

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