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CABI Book Chapter

Environment and livelihoods in tropical coastal zones: managing agriculture-fishery-aquaculture conflicts.

Book cover for Environment and livelihoods in tropical coastal zones: managing agriculture-fishery-aquaculture conflicts.


This book contains 22 selected papers presented at the title conference. These papers focus on the challenges people face in managing crops, aquaculture, fisheries and related ecosystems in inland areas of coastal zones in the tropics. A priority issue that emerges from the case studies presented in this book is the impact of change on poor people whose livelihoods depend upon open-access resource...


Chapter 18 (Page no: 237)

Managing diverse land uses in coastal Bangladesh: institutional approaches.

Land use in coastal Bangladesh is diverse, competitive and conflicting. Agriculture, shrimp farming, salt production, forestry, ship-breaking yards, ports, industry, settlements and wetlands are some of the uses. Land uses have gone through major changes. Land use in the 1950s had been mainly for paddy cultivation, but salinity intrusion and tidal flooding prevented further intensification. Hence, in the 1960s-1980s, the World Bank and others helped with large-scale polderization in order to boost rice production. A decade later, drainage congestion inside and heavy siltation outside the polders made the southwestern area unsuitable both for agriculture, and, in extreme cases, even for human habitation. However, as the region has a history of traditional shrimp farming, polders provided an opportunity for intensive shrimp farming. Crop land and mangroves were transformed to shrimp farming. This created social conflict. Planned management of diverse land use, including zoning, has been recommended since. This chapter focuses on the complexities of land use in Bangladesh and the adopted institutional approaches.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Land and water management in coastal zones: dealing with agriculture-aquaculture-fishery conflicts. Author(s): Gowing, J. W. Tuong, T. P. Hoanh, C. T.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 17) Adapting to aquaculture in Vietnam: securing livelihoods in a context of change in two coastal communities. Author(s): Luttrell, C.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 30) Livelihood systems and dynamics of poverty in a coastal province of Vietnam. Author(s): Hossain, M. Ut, T. T. Bose, M. L.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 48) Social and environmental impact of rapid change in the coastal zone of Vietnam: an assessment of sustainability issues. Author(s): Gowing, J. W. Tuong, T. P. Hoanh, C. T. Khiem, N. T.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 61) Brackish-water shrimp cultivation threatens permanent damage to coastal agriculture in Bangladesh. Author(s): Karim, M. R.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 72) Coastal water resource use for higher productivity: participatory research for increasing cropping intensity in Bangladesh. Author(s): Mondal, M. K. Tuong, T. P. Ritu, S. P. Choudhury, M. H. K. Chasi, A. M. Majumder, P. K. Islam, M. M. Adhikary, S. K.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 86) Coastal shrimp farming in Thailand: searching for sustainability. Author(s): Szuster, B.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 99) Tracing the outputs from drained acid sulphate flood plains to minimize threats to coastal lakes. Author(s): Macdonald, B. C. T. White, I. Heath, L. Smith, J. Keene, A. F. Tunks, M. Kinsela, A.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 107) From conflict to industry-regulated best practice guidelines: a case study of estuarine flood plain management of the Tweed River, Eastern Australia. Author(s): White, I. Melville, M. Macdonald, B. C. T. Quirk, R. Hawken, R. Tunks, M. Buckley, D. Beattie, R. Heath, L. Williams, J.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 126) Mangrove dependency and the livelihoods of coastal communities in Thailand. Author(s): Barbier, E. B.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 140) Mangroves, people and cockles: impacts of the shrimp-farming industry on mangrove communities in Esmeraldas Province, Ecuador. Author(s): Ocampo-Thomason, P.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 154) Interrelations among mangroves, the local economy and social sustainability: a review from a case study in North Brazil. Author(s): Saint-Paul, U.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 163) Mangrove: changes and conflicts in claimed ownership, uses and purposes. Author(s): Cormier-Salem, M. C.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 177) Comparing land-use planning approaches in the coastal Mekong Delta of Vietnam. Author(s): Trung, N. H. Tri, L. Q. Mensvoort, M. E. F. van Bregt, A. K.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 193) Applying the Resource Management Domain (RMD) concept to land and water use and management in the coastal zone: case study of Bac Lieu Province, Vietnam. Author(s): Kam, S. P. Nhan, N. V. Tuong, T. P. Hoanh, C. T. Nam, V. T. B. Maunahan, A.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 206) Developing a consultative Bayesian model for integrated management of aquatic resources: an inland coastal zone case study. Author(s): Baran, E. Jantunen, T. Chheng, P.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 219) Aquatic food production in the coastal zone: data-based perceptions on the trade-off between mariculture and fisheries production of the Mahakam Delta and estuary, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Author(s): Zwieten, P. A. M. van Sidik, A. S. Noryadi Suyatna, I. Abdunnur
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 249) Widening coastal managers' perceptions of stakeholders through capacity building. Author(s): Tissier, M. le Hills, J. M.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 258) Can integrated coastal management solve agriculture-fisheries-aquaculture conflicts at the land-water interface? A perspective from New Institutional Economics. Author(s): Brugere, C.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 274) Responding to coastal poverty: should we be doing things differently or doing different things? Author(s): Campbell, J. Whittingham, E. Townsley, P.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 293) Achieving food and environmental security: better river basin management for healthy coastal zones. Author(s): Atapattu, S. Molden, D.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Program Development Office for Integrated Coastal Zone Management, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2006
  • ISBN
  • 9781845931070
  • Record Number
  • 20063150620