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CABI Book Chapter

Wastewater use in irrigated agriculture: confronting the livelihood and environmental realities.

Book cover for Wastewater use in irrigated agriculture: confronting the livelihood and environmental realities.

Description

This book contains 16 chapters aiming to better understand urban waste water use in agriculture in developing countries (Africa, the Middle East, Latin America and Asia), and detailed case study documentation of what works and what does not. It makes pragmatic recommendations aimed at protecting both the public health and farmers' income. This volume will be of significant interest to those workin...

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Chapter 11 (Page no: 127)

Wastewater irrigation in Vadodara, Gujarat, India: economic catalyst for marginalised communities.

Wastewater is gaining popularity as a source of irrigation water in different countries around the world. This is especially true in India, where it has been in use for a long time. Its economic benefits and its importance as a coping strategy for the poor have had little recognition. The rural areas downstream of Vadodara in Gujarat, India, present an interesting case where wastewater supports annual agricultural production worth Rs. 266 million (US$5.5 million). Both food crops and cash crops are irrigated by domestic wastewater and industrial effluent. In this area one of the most lucrative income-generating activities for the lower social strata is the sale of wastewater (and renting pumps to lift it). The lack of alternative sources of water has generated viable markets for wastewater. Increased disposable incomes have resulted from the catalytic use of wastewater that was formerly not socially acceptable, i.e. the farmers considered it unhealthy and unclean. The use of wastewater to grow food crops poses uncertain risks to the health of both consumers and those who actually handle the wastewater. Livestock, land and groundwater resources are also at risk. City planners and administrators view wastewater as a disposal problem. They are not concerned with the impact on the livelihoods it presently generates or with the health of the stakeholders. Politics and corruption play an important role in the decision to construct expensive treatment plants that often fail to function properly, if at all, once they are commissioned. The dynamics of agricultural wastewater use and a potential roadmap for optimal productivity are presented in this chapter.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Wastewater use in irrigated agriculture: management challenges in developing countries. Author(s): Scott, C. A. Faruqui, N. I. Raschid-Sally, L.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 11) A framework for a global assessment of the extent of wastewater irrigation: the need for a common wastewater typology. Author(s): Hoek, W. van der
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 25) A sustainable livelihoods approach for action research on wastewater use in agriculture. Author(s): Buechler, S. J.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 41) Health guidelines for the use of wastewater in agriculture: developing realistic guidelines. Author(s): Carr, R. M. Blumenthal, U. J. Mara, D. D.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 59) A fresh look at microbial guidelines for wastewater irrigation in agriculture: a risk-assessment and cost-effectiveness approach. Author(s): Fattal, B. Lampert, Y. Shuval, H.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 69) Wastewater irrigation - hazard or lifeline? Empirical results from Nairobi, Kenya and Kumasi, Ghana. Author(s): Cornish, G. A. Kielen, N. C.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 81) National assessments on wastewater use in agriculture and an emerging typology: the Vietnam case study. Author(s): Raschid-Sally, L. Doan Doan Tuan Sarath Abayawardana
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 91) Wastewater use in Pakistan: the cases of Haroonabad and Faisalabad. Author(s): Ensink, J. H. J. Simmons, R. W. Hoek, W. van der
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 101) Agricultural use of untreated urban wastewater in Ghana. Author(s): Keraita, B. N. Drechsel, P.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 113) Untreated wastewater use in market gardens: a case study of Dakar, Senegal. Author(s): Faruqui, N. I. Niang, S. Redwood, M.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 135) The use of wastewater in Cochabamba, Bolivia: a degrading environment. Author(s): Huibers, F. P. Moscoso, O. DurĂ¡n, A. Lier, J. B. van
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 145) Treatment plant effects on wastewater irrigation benefits: revisiting a case study in the Guanajuato River basin, Mexico. Author(s): Silva-Ochoa, P. Scott, C. A.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 153) From wastewater reuse to water reclamation: progression of water reuse standards in Jordan. Author(s): McCornick, P. G. Amal Hijazi Sheikh, B.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 163) Treated wastewater use in Tunisia: lessons learned and the road ahead. Author(s): Shetty, S.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 173) Confronting the realities of wastewater use in irrigated agriculture: lessons learned and recommendations. Author(s): Faruqui, N. I. Scott, C. A. Raschid-Sally, L.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • IWMI-Tata Water Policy Program, International Water Management Institute, Elecon, Anand-Sojitra Road, Vallabh Vidyangar, Anand 388 001, Gujarat, India.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2004
  • ISBN
  • 9780851998237
  • Record Number
  • 20043115026