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Seed dispersal and frugivory: ecology, evolution and conservation. Third International Symposium-Workshop on Frugivores and Seed Dispersal, São Pedro, Brazil, 6-11 August 2000.

Book cover for Seed dispersal and frugivory: ecology, evolution and conservation. Third International Symposium-Workshop on Frugivores and Seed Dispersal, São Pedro, Brazil, 6-11 August 2000.



Chapter 6 (Page no: 83)

The role of vertebrates in the diversification of new world mistletoes.

Three predictions were tested to evaluate the hypothesis that vector-parasite interactions have played a role in the diversification of mistletoes. First, mistletoe taxa that are most diverse are predominantly vertebrate-dispersed. Secondly, vectors associated with mistletoes represent a narrow subset of local vertebrate assemblages. Thirdly, vector-mistletoe associations found within local assemblages are likely to reflect a long-term history of association. Observations on the number of visits and behaviour of the birds feeding on mistletoe fruits were conducted at 2 sites rich in mistletoe species, i.e. Colombia and Costa Rica. The results support the hypothesis that vector-parasite interactions have contributed to the diversification of New World mistletoes. Tabulated data on birds feeding on mistletoe fruits at 2 sites are presented, as well as on the diversity of New World mistletoes and associated dispersal modes.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Maintenance of tree diversity in tropical forests. Author(s): Terborgh, J. Pitman, N. Silman, M. Schichter, H. Núñez V., P.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 19) Dissemination limitation and the origin and maintenance of species-rich tropical forests. Author(s): Schupp, E. W. Milleron, T. Russo, S. E.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 35) Assessing recruitment limitation: concepts, methods and case-studies from a tropical forest. Author(s): Muller-Landau, H. C. Wright, S. J. Calderón, O. Hubbell, S. P. Foster, R. B.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 55) Have frugivores influenced the evolution of fruit traits in New Zealand? Author(s): Lord, J. M. Markey, A. S. Marshall, J.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 69) Mechanistic models for tree seed dispersal by wind in dense forests and open landscapes. Author(s): Nathan, R. Horn, H. S. Chave, J. Levin, S. A.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 99) Mistletoes as parasites and seed-dispersing birds as disease vectors: current understanding, challenges and opportunities. Author(s): Aukema, J. E. Martínez del Rio, C.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 111) Secondary metabolites of ripe fleshy fruits: ecology and phylogeny in the genus Solanum. Author(s): Cipollini, M. L. Bohs, L. A. Mink, K. Paulk, E. Böhning-Gaese, K.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 129) The seed-dispersers and fruit syndromes of Myrtaceae in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Author(s): Pizo, M. A.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 145) Are plant species that need gaps for recruitment more attractive to seed-dispersing birds and ants than other species? Author(s): Horvitz, C. C. Pizo, M. A. Bello y Bello, B. LeCorff, J. Dirzo, R.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 161) The role of fruit traits in determining fruit removal in East Mediterranean ecosystems. Author(s): Izhaki, I.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 177) Seed dispersal of mimetic fruits: parasitism, mutualism, aposematism or exaptation? Author(s): Galetti, M.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 193) Secondary dispersal of Jeffrey pine seeds by Rodent Scatter-hoarders: the roles of pilfering, recaching and a variable environment. Author(s): Wall, S. B. vander
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 209) The role of seed size in dispersal by a scatter-hoarding rodent. Author(s): Jansen, P. A. Bartholomeus, M. Bongers, F. Elzinga, J. A. Ouden, J. den Wieren, S. E. van
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 227) Mast seeding and predator-mediated indirect interactions in a forest community: evidence from post-dispersal fate of Rodent-generated caches. Author(s): Hoshizaki, K. Hulme, P. E.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 241) Seasonality of fruiting and food hoarding by rodents in neotropical forests: consequences for seed dispersal and seedling recruitment. Author(s): Forget, P. M. Hammond, D. S. Milleron, T. Thomas, R.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 257) Seed-eaters: seed dispersal, destruction and demography. Author(s): Hulme, P. E.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 275) Plant-animal coevolution: is it thwarted by spatial and temporal variation in animal foraging? Author(s): Chapman, C. A. Chapman, L. J.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 291) The frugivorous diet of the maned wolf, Chrysocyon brachyurus, in Brazil: ecology and conservation. Author(s): Motta Junior, J. C. Martins, K.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 305) Frugivore-generated seed shadows: a landscape view of demographic and genetic effects. Author(s): Jordano, P. Godoy, J. A.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 323) Contributions of seed dispersal and demography to recruitment limitation in a Costa Rican cloud forest. Author(s): Murray, K. G. Garcia-C., J. M.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 339) A meta-analysis of the effect of gut treatment on seed germination. Author(s): Traveset, A. Verdú, M.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 351) Effectiveness of seed dispersal by Cercopithecus monkeys: implications for seed input into degraded areas. Author(s): Kaplin, B. A. Lambert, J. E.
Chapter: 24 (Page no: 365) Exploring the link between animal frugivory and plant strategies: the case of primate fruit processing and post-dispersal seed fate. Author(s): Lambert, J. E.
Chapter: 25 (Page no: 381) Extinct pigeons and declining bat populations: are large seeds still being dispersed in the tropical Pacific? Author(s): McConkey, K. R. Drake, D. R.
Chapter: 26 (Page no: 397) Potential consequences of extinction of frugivorous birds for shrubs of a tropical wet forest. Author(s): Loiselle, B. A. Blake, J. G.
Chapter: 27 (Page no: 407) Primate frugivory in two species-rich neotropical forests: implications for the demography of large-seeded plants in overhunted areas. Author(s): Peres, C. A. Roosmalen, M. van
Chapter: 28 (Page no: 423) Patterns of fruit-frugivore interactions in two Atlantic Forest bird communities of South-eastern Brazil: implications for conservation. Author(s): Silva, W. R. Marco Júnior, P. de Hasui, É. Gomes, V. S. M.
Chapter: 29 (Page no: 437) Limitations of animal seed dispersal for enhancing forest succession on degraded lands. Author(s): Duncan, R. S. Chapman, C. A.
Chapter: 30 (Page no: 451) Frugivory and seed dispersal in degraded tropical East Asian landscapes. Author(s): Corlett, R. T.
Chapter: 31 (Page no: 467) Behavioural and ecological considerations for managing bird damage to cultivated fruit. Author(s): Avery, M. L.
Chapter: 32 (Page no: 479) Harvest and management of forest fruits by humans: implications for fruit-frugivore interactions. Author(s): Moegenburg, S. M.