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DescriptionMeeting future food needs without compromising environmental integrity is a central challenge for agriculture globally but especially for the Asia Pacific region - where 60% of the global population, including some of the world's poorest, live on only 30% of the land mass. To guarantee the food security of this and other regions, growers worldwide are rapidly adopting genetically modified (GM) crops as the forerunner to protect against many biotic and abiotic stresses. Asia Pacific countries play an important role in this, with India, China and Pakistan appearing in the top 10 countries with acreage of GM crops, primarily devoted to Bt cotton.
Genetically Modified Crops in Asia Pacific discusses the progress of GM crop adoption across the Asia Pacific region over the past two decades, including research, development, adoption and sustainability, as well as the development and cultivation of insect protective Bt brinjal, drought-tolerant sugarcane, late blight resistant potato and biotech rice more specific to this region. Regulatory efforts of the Asia Pacific member nations to ensure the safety of GM crops to both humans and the environment are also outlined and discussed to provide impetus in other countries initiating biotech crops. The authors also probe into some aspects of gene editing and nanobiotechnology to expand the scope into next generation GM crops, including the potential to grow crops in acidic soil, reduce methane production, remove poisonous elements from plants and improve overall nutritional quality.
Genetically Modified Crops in Asia Pacific provides a comprehensive reference not only for academics, researchers and private sectors in crop systems but also policy makers in the Asia Pacific region. Beyond this region, readers will benefit from understanding how GM crops have been integrated into many different countries and, in particular, the effects of the take-up of GM cropping systems by farmers with different socioeconomic backgrounds
Table of contents
- 1: Biotech/genetically modified crops in Asia Pacific: a way forward
- 2: Economic and environmental impact of genetically modified crops in Asia Pacific
- 3: Development and commercialisation of Bt cotton in India
- 4: Insect resistance management for Bt cotton in India
- 5: Twenty years of successful Bt cotton production in Australia
- 6: Advances in managing insect resistance to Bt cotton in China
- 7: Bt cotton in Pakistan
- 8: Transgenic maize and its potential commercialisation in China
- 9: Bringing Bt eggplant to resource- poor farmers in Bangladesh and the Philippines
- 10: Adoption and advances in genetically modified oilseed crops in Australia
- 11: Bioefficacy testing of Bt corn against Asian corn borer in the Philippines
- 12: Insect resistance management of Bt corn in the Philippines
- 13: Socioeconomic and environmental impacts of GM corn in the ASEAN: the case of the Philippines
- 14: Biosafety management for genetically modified crops in Vietnam: from policy to practice
- 15: Biotechnology and its regulatory system in Japan
- 16: Development of yellow stem borer resistant rice varieties in Indonesia
- 17: Experience in developing genetically engineered potato resistant to late blight disease
- 18: Genetic modifications for disease resistance in crops
- 19: Nanobiotechnology for plant genome engineering and crop protection
ReadershipAcademics and researchers in tropical agriculture and cropping systems; policy makers with an interest in the Asia-Pacific region; stakeholders in Asia-Pacific agriculture; NGOs focusing on GM crops
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G T Gujar, of the AGRIBIOSYS, New Delhi, retired as Head of Division of Entomology from ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), New Delhi, in 2015 after 37 years of academic service related to teaching, research and extension with specialization in insect resistance management vis-a-vis Bt toxins, IPM and insect resistant transgenic crops. He has an MSc and PhD in Entomology from the IARI and a postdoctoral experience as Marie Curie EU Postdoctoral fellow in the UK and Germany. He has served as an expert on GM crops risk assessment and management and on IPM- related panels in government and educational institutions.
Y Andi Trisyono is a Professor of Entomology in the Faculty of Agriculture at the University of Gadjah Mada in Indonesia, where he teaches insecticide toxicology, insect physiology, transgenic crops and integrated pest management. He earned an MS and PhD in Entomology from Michigan State University and University of Missouri, respectively. His research is focused on risk assessment and risk management of crop protection technologies. He has served as a consultant for national and international organisations. He has been a member of the technical team for environmental risk assessment of GM crops and has served as co- chair for the advisory committee in crop protection for the Ministry of Agriculture in Indonesia.
Mao Chen is currently Head, Market Development Field Testing, APAC Bayer Crop Science, and has PhD in Entomology from Zhejiang University, and postdoctoral experience at Cornell University. Mao worked on insect-resistant GM crop gene discovery and resistance management at the Monsanto Research Center, St Louis (USA) and then as Lead, Biotech Regulatory Affairs for Bayer Crop Science (earlier Monsanto) for the Asia and Africa regions until 2019.
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