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Enhancing Crop Genepool Use
Capturing Wild Relative and Landrace Diversity for Crop Improvement
Edited by: Nigel Maxted, University of Birmingham, UK, M Ehsan Dulloo, Bioversity International, Italy, Brian Ford-Lloyd, University of Birmingham, UK
May 2016 | Hardback | 9781780646138
May 2016 | ePDF 9781780646145 | ePub 9781780648361
£146.75 | €190.05 | $244.85
£146.75 | €190.05 | $244.85
DescriptionMaintaining food security in the face of human population increase and climate change is one of the critical challenges facing us in the 21st Century. Utilisation of the full range of agrobiodiversity will be a necessary tool in addressing this challenge. In this book a team of international contributors review all aspects of utilization and conservation of crop wild relative (CWR) and landrace (LR) diversity as a basis for crop improvement and future food security.
Enhancing Crop Genepool Use covers four key areas:
· Characterization techniques - novel 'omics' techniques and predictive tools that can be used to identify adaptive traits and expedite plant breeding.
· Conservation strategies - how to develop national, regional and global CWR and LR conservation strategies, how better to target conservation to meet the needs of the plant breeding community, and how to integrate CWR and LR diversity into existing biodiversity conservation programmes.
· Facilitating CWR and LR use - pre-breeding using 'exotic' germplasm, meeting breeders' needs, integrating the conservation and user communities, and policy enhancement.
· Informatics development - improving characterization, trait and conservation data management and accessibility, and inter-information system operability.
This book will appeal to a wide array of specialists and postgraduate students, such as those working in the fields of agrobiodiversity conservation and use, conservation, ecology, botany, genetics, plant breeding and agriculture.
Table of contents
- Part I: Breeder's use of exotic germplasm
- 1: Using phenomics and genomics to unlock landrace and wild relative diversity for crop improvement
- 2: Pre-domesticating wild relatives as new sources of novel genetic diversity
- 3: Unravelling quinoa domestication with wild ancestors
- 4: Screening wild Vigna species and cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) landraces for sources of resistance to Striga gesnerioides
- 5: Wild Lactuca saligna a rich source of variation for lettuce breeding
- 6: Capturing wild relative and landrace diversity for crop improvement using a new selection tool to exploit genetic resources in durum wheat
- Part II: Improving access to PGRFA
- 7: How the Focused Identification of Germplasm Strategy (FIGS) is used to mine plant genetic resources collections for adaptive traits
- 8: Predictive characterization methods for accessing and using CWR diversity
- 9: Keeping a finger on the pulse: monitoring the use of CWR in crop improvement
- Part III: CWR conservation
- 10: Joining up the dots: a systematic perspective of crop wild relative conservation and use
- 11: Europe’s crop wild relative diversity: from conservation planning to conservation action
- 12: An approach for in situ gap analysis and conservation planning on a global scale
- 13: The distributions and ex situ conservation of crop wild relatives: a global approach
- 14: National strategies for the conservation of crop wild relatives
- 15: Crop wild relatives, a priority in Jordan? - developing a national strategy for the conservation of plant diversity in Jordan using a participatory approach
- 16: Establishing systematic crop wild relative conservation within the United Kingdom
- 17: Optimized site selection for the in situ conservation of forage CWRs: a combination of community and genetic level perspectives
- 18: Developing a crop wild relative conservation strategy for Finland
- 19: Developing national crop wild relative in situ conservation strategy for Lithuania: creation of national CWR inventory and its prioritization
- 20: Priorities for conservation of crop wild relatives at Indian National Genebank
- 21: Strategies for detecting climate adaptations in the wild pearl millet for future breeding use
- 22: Assessment of the conservation status of Mesoamerican crop species and their wild relatives in light of climate change
- Part IV: LR conservation
- 23: Landrace conservation of maize in Mexico and evolutionary breeding
- 24: Use of spontaneous sexually-produced new landraces of a vegetatively propagated crop of the Andes (Oxalis tuberosa Mol.) to enhance in situ conservation
- 25: A long-term systematic monitoring framework for on-farm conserved potato landrace diversity
- 26: A European in situ (on-farm) conservation and management strategy for landraces
- 27: Using landraces in agriculture, food and cooking: experiences around a big city in Southern Europe
- 28: Hungarian strategies for the conservation of crop wild relative and landrace diversity
- 29: Assessment of Italian landrace density and species richness: useful criteria for developing in situ conservation strategies
- 30: Chickpea wild relatives and landraces of Georgia
- 31: Landrace inventories and recommendations for in situ conservation in Finland
- Part V: Community-based conservation and use
- 32: Community biodiversity management (CBM): A participatory methodology that integrates empowerment, livelihoods and on-farm management of agrobiodiversity
- 33: Evolutionary Plant Breeding: A method for rapidly increasing on-farm biodiversity to support sustainable livelihoods in an era of climate change
- 34: Value chain development: a silver bullet for agrobiodiversity conservation and use?
- Part VI: PGR conservation and use policy
- 35: Moving slowly towards the light: a review of efforts to create a global system for PGRFA over the last half century
- 36: On the conservation and sustainable use of plant genetic resources in Europe: a stakeholder analysis
- 37: Towards an improved European Plant Germplasm System
- 38: Impact of the genetic resources policy landscape on food security: an assessment of the Genetic Resources and Intellectual Property Rights Programme
- 39: What do we have to lose? Monitoring crop genetic diversity
- Part VII: Conservation informatics
- 40: Improved utilization of crop diversity for rationalized breeding using data interoperability
- 41: Implementation of a PGR Global Documentation System in Portugal
- 42: The GRIN-Taxonomy Crop Wild Relative Inventory
ReadershipSuitable for agrobiodiversity conservation and use professionals, postgraduate students, conservation professionals and public bodies, libraries
Have you read this book, or used it for one of your courses? We would love to hear your feedback. Email our reviews team to submit a review.
Professor / consultant in Plant Genetic Conservation.
Research Interests: Plant conservation and broader biodiversity conservation and use, with specific expertise in: field conservation, taxonomy, ecogeography, GIS, population sampling, population management, reserve management, on-farm conservation, gene flow and genetic diversity studies of various plant groups. Work experience throughout Africa, the Middle East, Caucasus, Central Asia and Europe.
Dr Dulloo is a Team Leader for a Bioversity International Initiative on Effective Genetic Resources Conservation and Use. Dr Dulloo is also co-Leader of the Genetic Diversity Cluster in the CGIAR Research Program on Roots, Tubers and Bananas, as well as co-Chair of the Crop Wild Relative Specialist Group. He has been a Senior Policy Officer at the FAO. He was the lead author of the 2005 Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Report and, more recently, lead author of Chapter 2.2 Status and Trends – Nature in the IPBES Global Assessment on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Report. He won the World Bank 2009 Development Marketplace Award on Climate Adaptation. Dr Dulloo has published widely on biodiversity and the conservation of genetic resources.
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