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Improving lives by solving problems in agriculture and the environment

Environmental Risk Assessment of Genetically Modified Organisms, Volume 1

Environmental Risk Assessment of Genetically Modified Organisms, Volume 1

A Case Study of Bt Maize in Kenya

Edited by A Hilbeck, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ETHZ, Switzerland, D Andow, University of Minnesota, USA

October 2004 / Hardback / 304 Pages / 9780851998619 £112.00 / €144.00 / $214.00
With 10% online discount: £100.80 / €129.60 / $192.60
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Main Description

International forums have identified the need for comprehensive, transparent, scientific methods, for the pre-release testing and post-release monitoring of transgenic plants to ensure environmental safety. There is also wide recognition that the regulatory and scientific capacity for conducting these types of assessments needs to be strengthened. In response to these requirements, a GMO Guidelines Project was established - under the aegis of the International Organization for Biological Control - to develop biosafety testing guidelines for transgenic plants. This book is one of the first outputs from this project. The book aims, using the case study of Bt maize, to detail generic approaches to the evaluation of environmental impact of GM technologies. This book focuses on transgenic maize in Kenya. This maize includes genetic material derived from the bacterium, Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), which naturally produces proteins that are toxic to some insects. The book explores both the environmental and agricultural impacts of transgenic plants. It draws out general risk assessment guidelines, and demonstrates the need for case-by-case analysis. Although focused on Kenya and Bt Maize, the book's findings and recommendations are relevant and applicable to a multitude of nations and GM crops.

  • 1: Bt Maize, Risk Assessment and the Kenya Case Study,
  • 2: The Maize Agricultural Context in Kenya,
  • 3: Problem Formulation and Options Assessment (PFOA) for Genetically Modified Organisms: The Kenya Case Study,
  • 4: Transgene Locus Structure and Expression of Bt Maize,
  • 5: Biodiversity and Non-Target Impacts: a Case Study of Bt Maize in Kenya,
  • 6: Gene Flow and its Consequences: a Case Study of Bt Maize in Kenya,
  • 7: Resistance Risks and Management Associated with Bt Maize in Kenya,
  • 8: Risk Assessment of Bt Maize in Kenya: Synthesis and Recommendations,
"Overall the volume is very well written, packed with accessible information, and aptly models a transparent mode of the risk assessment process. The book is multifaceted, and includes a variety of insights not found in other treatments of GMO risk assessment. It sets the stage for a new standard of risk assessment, in which the methods, quality of evidence, and barriers to discovery are discussed openly."
Deborah K Letourneau, Environmental Biosafety Research, 3(4), 2004

"An important contribution that helps address the critical shortage of detailed, applied case studies of risk assessment for GMOs in developing countries."
R Hill, Biosafety Programme, Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity

"The questions asked and recommendations of the IOBC Working Group are scientifically sound and should apply."
C Ngichabe, ASARECA Biotechnology and Biosafety Program

"Very thorough, systematic and logical application of the guidelines which represents a major effort to bring science into the foreground of the GMO biosafety issue."
H Herren, Director General ICIPE