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CAB Review

Perspectives on the development of genetically modified arthropodnatural enemies for agricultural pest management programmes.


The history of genetic improvement of arthropod natural enemies is reviewed briefly and I describe the successful genetic improvement and deployment in California almond orchards of a pesticide-resistant predatory mite. Lessons learned from our efforts to deploy this and other natural enemies in alfalfa [lucerne], citrus and walnuts from several genetic improvement projects conducted over the past 30 years are described, because they may provide useful lessons for future projects. Gaps in our knowledge are identified, especially in deploying such genetically modified natural enemies, and recommendations are made regarding how to plan such projects. Finally, issues of risk and regulation are discussed based on our experiences with a short-term field trial of a transgenic predatory mite in Florida.

CAB Review details

  • History
  • Published: 21 March 2007
  • ISSN
  • 1749-8848
  • Publisher information
  • CABI Wallingford UK
  • Record Number
  • 20073043199