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CAB Review

Organisms associated with the family Convolvulaceae and their potential for biological control of Convolvulus arvensis.

Abstract

This review catalogues the organisms that have been recorded in association with the family Convolvulaceae worldwide. It selects promising organisms and provides basic information on these potential biological control agents. In total, 328 organisms associated with the Convolvulaceae have been reported in the 270 references cited. Wasps, bees and flies are excluded where they are only casual and transient visitors to the plants. Although a relatively large number of species has been recorded from the Convolvulaceae, only a small number (47 species, 14.3%) seem to have the potential for biological control of Convolvulus arvensis. Of these, Melanagromyza albocilia (Dipt., Agromyzidae), Longitarsus pellucidus and Hypocassida subferruginea (Col., Chrysomelidae), Spermophagus sericeus (Col., Bruchidae), Emmelia trabealis (Lep., Noctuidae) and Emmelina monodactyla (Lep., Pterophoridae) appear to be the most promising.