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CAB ReviewFull Text

Invasive alien species (IAS) are among the leading threats to biodiversity, food security and human well-being. Opuntia (prickly pear cactus) is one of the most widespread and naturalized in the arid and semi-arid areas of Kenya, with extreme effects on rural livelihoods and the environment....

Date
May 2018
Subjects
arid zones; biological control; chemical control; dispersal; gardens; geographical distribution; habitats; introduced species; introduction; invasions; invasive alien species; invasive species; land degradation; land use; mechanical methods; natural enemies; physical control; policy; regulations; semiarid zones; species diversity; weed control; weeds
Author(s)
Githae, E. W.
CAB ReviewFull Text

This review lists 132 species of insect and mite pests associated with date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) grown worldwide. These species are distributed among eight insect orders and 30 families, besides one order of mite comprising nine families. Most of the species (52) were reported on the leaf...

Date
January 2018
Subjects
arthropod pests; biological control; biological control agents; chemical control; control; dates; education; farmers; fruits; insect control; insect pests; integrated control; integrated pest management; leaves; mite control; monitoring; natural enemies; parasites; parasitoids; pest control; pests; pheromones; plant pests; predators; quarantine; reviews; roots; semiochemicals; stored products pests; training; trunks; world
Author(s)
El-Shafie, H. A. F.; Abdel-Banat, B. M. A.; Al-Hajhoj, M. R.
CAB ReviewFull Text

Nowadays, hundreds of plant clinics are available for smallholder farmers especially in developing and less-developed countries in order to improve the yield and quality of agricultural products. Several investigations have been carried out to study the role of plant clinics as diagnostics and...

Date
December 2017
Subjects
integrated control; plant disease control; plant diseases; reviews; smallholders
Author(s)
Vakilian, K. A.
CAB ReviewFull Text

Cotton is an important fibre crop of global and economic significance. For effective control of bollworms, transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) cotton was introduced on a commercial scale in 1996, with an aim to reduce pesticide consumption. Presently, transgenic cotton is grown on 24 million...

Date
December 2017
Subjects
bacterial toxins; biological control agents; cotton; crop residues; crystal proteins; environmental impact; genetic engineering; genetic transformation; genetically engineered organisms; microbial ecology; natural enemies; persistence; reviews; root exudates; soil biology; soil fertility; soil flora; sustainability; transgenic plants
Author(s)
Kulandaivelu Velmourougane; Blaise, D.
CAB ReviewFull Text

Rice is a staple food and the foundation of national stability and economic growth in many developing countries. Rice pests are major biotic constraints limiting rice production globally. This review discusses the biology, ecology, global distribution and plant damage and yield losses caused by...

Date
October 2017
Subjects
arthropod pests; biological control; biological control agents; chemical control; crop damage; crops; insect pests; insecticides; integrated control; integrated pest management; natural enemies; organic farming; pests; plant diseases; plant parasites; plant parasitic nematodes; plant pests; reviews; rice; tropical crops; vertebrate pests; weeds; yield losses
Author(s)
Heinrichs, E. A.; Rangaswamy Muniappan
CAB ReviewFull Text

Non-target impacts of parasitoids and predaceous arthropods used for classical biological control of invasive insects include five types of impact: (1) direct attacks on native insects; (2) negative foodweb effects, such as competition for prey, apparent competition, or displacement of native...

Date
April 2017
Subjects
biological competition; biological control agents; natural enemies; nontarget effects; parasites; parasitoids; predators; predatory insects; weeds
Author(s)
Driesche, R. van; Hoddle, M.
CAB ReviewFull Text

Because many invasive plants are anticipated to benefit from climate change, the need for effective management strategies will become more pressing in the future. Biological control of invasive plants by insects has been an effective management strategy in many instances, but climate change may...

Date
March 2017
Subjects
biological control; biological control agents; carbon dioxide; carbon dioxide enrichment; climate change; climatic factors; geographical distribution; introduced species; invasive alien species; invasive species; natural enemies; phenology; temperature; weather; weed control; weeds
Author(s)
Reeves, J. L.
CAB ReviewFull Text

Western corn rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte) and northern corn rootworm (Diabrotica barberi (Smith and Lawrence)) are major pests of maize in the USA. These pests have been managed with a variety of tactics over the last century. Both Diabrotica spp. have adapted to crop rotation...

Date
February 2017
Subjects
arthropod pests; bacterial insecticides; biological control agents; chemical control; crop damage; genetic engineering; genetic transformation; genetically engineered organisms; insect control; insect pests; insecticides; integrated control; integrated pest management; maize; natural enemies; pathogens; pest control; pest management; pests; plant pests; resistance management; reviews; RNA interference; techniques; transgenic plants
Author(s)
Ludwick, D. C.; Hibbard, B. E.
CAB ReviewFull Text

Increased livestock production and better food security will naturally follow from proper livestock management practices. Such management practices include the application of appropriate vaccination schedule, biosecurity, feeding regimen, and implementation and sustenance of improved and feasible...

Date
September 2016
Subjects
aetiology; animal diseases; animal feeding; animal health; animal production; beef cattle; carcass composition; carcass quality; carcass yield; constraints; diets; domestic animals; economic impact; factors of production; farm management; food contamination; food hygiene; food processing; food production; food safety; food security; foodborne diseases; grazing; hygiene; infections; livestock; livestock farming; meat; meat hygiene; meat production; meat quality; natural enemies; parasites; parasitoses; policy; poultry; predation; predators; regulations; reviews; risk factors
Author(s)
Kwaghe, A. V.; Vakuru, C. T.; Ndahi, M. D.; Abubakar, A.; Iwar, V. N.; Eze, E.
CAB ReviewFull Text

Insect pests constitute a major biotic stress in sugarcane in India as they attack the crop from the time of planting until almost harvest, inflicting yield and sugar losses. Biological control has always received a prominent position among the pest management tools, facilitated by the unique...

Date
July 2016
Subjects
arthropod pests; biological control; biological control agents; insect pests; natural enemies; parasites; parasitoids; pest control; pests; plant pests; predators; reviews; sugarcane
Author(s)
Srikanth, J.; Easwaramoorthy, S.; Jalali, S. K.

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