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CAB ReviewFull Text

Cotton is an important fibre crop of global and economic significance. For effective control of bollworms, transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) cotton was introduced on a commercial scale in 1996, with an aim to reduce pesticide consumption. Presently, transgenic cotton is grown on 24 million...

Date
December 2017
Subjects
bacterial toxins; biological control agents; cotton; crop residues; crystal proteins; environmental impact; genetic engineering; genetic transformation; genetically engineered organisms; microbial ecology; natural enemies; persistence; reviews; root exudates; soil biology; soil fertility; soil flora; sustainability; transgenic plants
Authors
Kulandaivelu Velmourougane; Blaise, D.
CAB ReviewFull Text

Rice is a staple food and the foundation of national stability and economic growth in many developing countries. Rice pests are major biotic constraints limiting rice production globally. This review discusses the biology, ecology, global distribution and plant damage and yield losses caused by...

Date
October 2017
Subjects
arthropod pests; biological control; biological control agents; chemical control; crop damage; crops; insect pests; insecticides; integrated control; integrated pest management; natural enemies; organic farming; pests; plant diseases; plant parasites; plant parasitic nematodes; plant pests; reviews; rice; tropical crops; vertebrate pests; weeds; yield losses
Authors
Heinrichs, E. A.; Rangaswamy Muniappan
CAB ReviewFull Text

Non-target impacts of parasitoids and predaceous arthropods used for classical biological control of invasive insects include five types of impact: (1) direct attacks on native insects; (2) negative foodweb effects, such as competition for prey, apparent competition, or displacement of native...

Date
April 2017
Subjects
biological competition; biological control agents; natural enemies; nontarget effects; parasites; parasitoids; predators; predatory insects; weeds
Authors
Driesche, R. van; Hoddle, M.
CAB ReviewFull Text

Because many invasive plants are anticipated to benefit from climate change, the need for effective management strategies will become more pressing in the future. Biological control of invasive plants by insects has been an effective management strategy in many instances, but climate change may...

Date
March 2017
Subjects
biological control; biological control agents; carbon dioxide; carbon dioxide enrichment; climate change; climatic factors; geographical distribution; introduced species; invasive alien species; invasive species; natural enemies; phenology; temperature; weather; weed control; weeds
Authors
Reeves, J. L.
CAB ReviewFull Text

Western corn rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte) and northern corn rootworm (Diabrotica barberi (Smith and Lawrence)) are major pests of maize in the USA. These pests have been managed with a variety of tactics over the last century. Both Diabrotica spp. have adapted to crop rotation...

Date
February 2017
Subjects
arthropod pests; bacterial insecticides; biological control agents; chemical control; crop damage; genetic engineering; genetic transformation; genetically engineered organisms; insect control; insect pests; insecticides; integrated control; integrated pest management; maize; natural enemies; pathogens; pest control; pest management; pests; plant pests; resistance management; reviews; RNA interference; techniques; transgenic plants
Authors
Ludwick, D. C.; Hibbard, B. E.
CAB ReviewFull Text

Genetics has long played a role in the history of insect pest management, and changes in the genetic methods used reflect changes that have occurred in the field itself over time. Beginning from simple collections of mutations and the development of chromosome linkage maps, many of the early...

Date
January 2017
Subjects
arthropod pests; biological control agents; chromosomes; genes; genetically engineered organisms; genomes; insect control; insect pests; mutants; mutations; natural enemies; pest control; pests; plant pests; RNA; transgenic animals; transposable elements
Authors
Haymer, D.
CAB ReviewFull Text

Increased livestock production and better food security will naturally follow from proper livestock management practices. Such management practices include the application of appropriate vaccination schedule, biosecurity, feeding regimen, and implementation and sustenance of improved and feasible...

Date
September 2016
Subjects
aetiology; animal diseases; animal feeding; animal health; animal production; beef cattle; carcass composition; carcass quality; carcass yield; constraints; diets; domestic animals; economic impact; factors of production; farm management; food contamination; food hygiene; food processing; food production; food safety; food security; foodborne diseases; grazing; hygiene; infections; livestock; livestock farming; meat; meat hygiene; meat production; meat quality; natural enemies; parasites; parasitoses; policy; poultry; predation; predators; regulations; reviews; risk factors
Authors
Kwaghe, A. V.; Vakuru, C. T.; Ndahi, M. D.; Abubakar, A.; Iwar, V. N.; Eze, E.
CAB ReviewFull Text

Insect pests constitute a major biotic stress in sugarcane in India as they attack the crop from the time of planting until almost harvest, inflicting yield and sugar losses. Biological control has always received a prominent position among the pest management tools, facilitated by the unique...

Date
July 2016
Subjects
arthropod pests; biological control; biological control agents; insect pests; natural enemies; parasites; parasitoids; pest control; pests; plant pests; predators; reviews; sugarcane
Authors
Srikanth, J.; Easwaramoorthy, S.; Jalali, S. K.
CAB ReviewFull Text

We differentiate between the success of a classical biological control programme and its impact; the former addressing the completed implementation of the steps of a biological control programme, and the anticipated reduction of the target pest, and the latter addressing the societal and...

Date
March 2016
Subjects
arthropod pests; biological control; biological control agents; insect control; insect pests; natural enemies; pest control; pests; plant pests; weed control; weeds
Authors
Cock, M. J. W.; Day, R. K.; Hinz, H. L.; Pollard, K. M.; Thomas, S. E.; Williams, F. E.; Witt, A. B. R.; Shaw, R. H.
CAB ReviewFull Text

Owing to the decreasing availability of synthetic pesticides, there is an urgent need for developing and improving alternative pest control methods in horticulture. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) aims to reduce and control the damage caused by pest organisms by making use of ecological...

Date
September 2015
Subjects
antagonists; arthropod pests; databases; horticultural crops; horticulture; insect control; insect pests; insect traps; integrated pest management; pest control; pesticides; pests; plant pests; reviews
Authors
Harvey, C. D.

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