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News Article

Environmental enrichment strategies to improve pig welfare

Date
11 March 2020
Abstract

The present study aimed to investigate whether acute pain associated with castration and tail docking of male piglets may modulate the expression of salivary microRNAs (miRNAs) and to explore their potential use as biomarkers. Thirty-six healthy 4-d-old piglets (Hermitage × Duroc) were randomly...

Author(s)
Lecchi, C.; Zamarian, V.; Gini, C.; Avanzini, C.; Polloni, A.; Nodari, S. R.; Ceciliani, F.
Publisher
Oxford University Press, Cary, USA
Citation
Journal of Animal Science, 2020, 98, 5,
Abstract

As providing objects that pigs prefer can reduce the occurrence of tail-biting and aggression and consequently improve animal welfare, automatic recognition of pigs' engagement with different objects can have practical value. Therefore, aim of this study was to develop a computer vision based...

Author(s)
Chen Chen; Zhu WeiXing; Oczak, M.; Maschat, K.; Baumgartner, J.; Larsen, M. L. V.; Norton, T.
Publisher
Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 2020, 175,
Abstract

In view of the intensive development of the swine industry, monitoring and surveillance of infectious diseases require low-cost, effective, and representative population sampling methods. We present herein the state of knowledge, to date, in the use of alternative strategies in the monitoring of...

Author(s)
Turlewicz-Podbielska, H.; Włodarek, J.; Pomorska-Mól, M.
Publisher
Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, USA
Citation
Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 2020, 32, 4, pp 503-512
Abstract

Piglets experience welfare issues during the nursery phase. This pilot study aimed to test a protocol for identifying the main welfare issues in suckling piglets and to investigate relationships among animal-based indicators and management conditions. Litters (n = 134), composed of undocked and ...

Author(s)
Vitali, M.; Santacroce, E.; Correa, F.; Salvarani, C.; Maramotti, F. P.; Padalino, B.; Trevisi, P.
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Animals, 2020, 10, 6,
Abstract

As a typical harmful social behaviour, tail biting is considered to be a welfare-reducing problem with economic consequences for pig production. Taking a computer-vision based approach, in this study, we have developed a novel method to automatically identify and locate tail-biting interactions in...

Author(s)
Liu Dong; Oczak, M.; Maschat, K.; Baumgartner, J.; Pletzer, B.; He DongJian; Norton, T.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Biosystems Engineering, 2020, 195, pp 27-41
Abstract

Piglet castration and tail-docking are routinely performed in the United States without analgesia. Pain medications, predominately non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, are used in the EU/Canada to decrease pain associated with processing and improve piglet welfare, however, past studies have...

Author(s)
Nixon, E.; Almond, G. W.; Baynes, R. E.; Messenger, K. M.
Publisher
Frontiers Media S.A., Lausanne, Switzerland
Citation
Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 2020, 6, February,
Abstract

Tail biting is a welfare and economical concern in modern pig production. One common preventive measure used throughout the world is tail docking, which is generally considered one of the most effective methods for limiting tail biting. However, tail docking is a painful mutilation and systematic ...

Author(s)
Brandt, P.; Hakansson, F.; Jensen, T.; Nielsen, M. B. F.; Lahrmann, H. P.; Hansen, C. F.; Forkman, B.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK
Citation
Animal, 2020, 14, 5, pp 1034-1042
Abstract

Tail biting in pigs with undocked tail often occurs in a high frequency and then leads to significant injuries. In previous investigations tail lesions were recorded. In direct visual observations of 98 weaner pigs in 9 pens and in two rounds, the frequency of mutual bellynosing and biting...

Author(s)
Hoy, S.; Engel, D.; Jans-Wenstrup, I.
Publisher
Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Livestock Science, 2020, 231,
Abstract

A major problem in conventional pig production systems is the occurrence of abnormal behaviours such as tail biting. Tail biting is a multifactorial problem, but it seems that a lack of proper enrichment materials prevents the animals from performing normal species-specific behaviour, e.g.,...

Author(s)
Kauselmann, K.; Krause, E. T.; Glitz, B.; Gallmann, E.; Schrade, H.; Schrader, L.
Publisher
Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 2020, 226,

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