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Abstract

The photo essay that comprises Elephant House bears mournful testimony to the severely restricted lives of the world's largest terrestrial mammals at the Oregon Zoo, as well as similar "educational" institutions throughout the United States and the world. While purporting to remain neutral...

Author(s)
Marcus, H.
Publisher
University of Illinois Press, Urbana, USA
Citation
Journal of Animal Ethics, 2019, 9, 1, pp 104-112
Abstract

Understanding the affiliative social relationships, or bonds, between zoo elephants has implications for both their welfare and management, yet there is limited work assessing and describing these bonds. Consequently, there is a need for the development of a reliable assessment tool. We used...

Author(s)
Bonaparte-Saller, M.; Mench, J. A.
Publisher
Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 2018, 199, pp 45-51
Abstract

Opportunities for positive social interaction are important in captive animals, and social interactions can be used as a welfare indicator. Wild elephants live in related multigenerational herds; however, in captivity they are often managed in less related groups, which could impact the quality of...

Author(s)
Harvey, N. D.; Daly, C.; Clark, N.; Ransford, E.; Wallace, S.; Yon, L.
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Animals, 2018, 8, 8, pp 132
Abstract

Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) are an endangered species with complex social behaviour. However, no previous studies have mapped the development of calves before the age of six months. This study seeks to fill this gap in knowledge through a characterisation of the earliest stages of development ...

Author(s)
Petraccione, J.; Root-Gutteridge, H.; Cusano, D. A.; Parks, S. E.
Publisher
European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA), Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research, 2017, 5, 3, pp 131-136
Abstract

Social relationships of juvenile wild elephants (3-6 years old) in the Udawalawa National Park were studied. Focal animal sampling was employed to quantify behaviour of juveniles encountered on 450 different occasions. Nearest neighbour (NN) and nearest neighbour distance (NND) were considered for...

Author(s)
Deepani Jayantha; Dayawansa, P. N.; Padmalal, U. K. G. K.; Ratnasooriya, W. D.
Publisher
Zoo Outreach Organisation, Coimbatore, India
Citation
Journal of Threatened Taxa, 2009, 1, 4, pp 211-214
Abstract

Considered an indicator of self-awareness, mirror self-recognition (MSR) has long seemed limited to humans and apes. In both phylogeny and human ontogeny, MSR is thought to correlate with higher forms of empathy and altruistic behaviour. Apart from humans and apes, dolphins and elephants are also...

Author(s)
Plotnik, J. M.; Waal, F. B. M. de; Reiss, D.
Publisher
National Academy of Sciences, Washington, USA
Citation
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2006, 103, 45, pp 17053-17057
Abstract

We present a review of studies on elephant social and reproductive behaviour. While the social organization of the African savannah elephant (Loxodonta africana africana) has been intensively studied, that of the African forest elephant (Loxodonta africana cyclotis) and the Asian elephant (Elephas...

Author(s)
Vidya, T. N. C.; Sukumar, R.
Publisher
Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore, India
Citation
Current Science, 2005, 89, 7, pp 1200-1207
Abstract

This study recorded sexual behaviour within a captive herd of 8 Asian elephants in England, UK, for approximately 230 h on 50 days over a period of 10 months (January-November 1999). A single adult and a single juvenile bull mounting cows more than 160 times were observed. When the juvenile bull...

Author(s)
Rees, P. A.
Publisher
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Inc., Mahwah, USA
Citation
Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 2004, 7, 1, pp 49-58
Abstract

The present study examined the extent to which the introduction of three female Asian elephants (aged 3, 11 and 27 years) into a group of 5 (1 male, 4 female) elephants at Münster zoo, Germany, affects the behaviour and urinary cortisol levels of the animals involved. At Münster, only the females...

Author(s)
Schmid, J.; Heistermann, M.; Ganslosser, U.; Hodges, J. K.
Publisher
Universities Federation for Animal Welfare (UFAW), Wheathampstead, UK
Citation
Animal Welfare, 2001, 10, 4, pp 357-372
Abstract

We report on the genetic evaluation and behavioural study of social organization in the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus). Although Asian elephants and African elephants (Loxodonta africana) were previously thought to have similar social organizations, our results demonstrate a substantial...

Author(s)
Fernando, P.; Lande, R.
Publisher
Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany
Citation
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 2000, 48, 1, pp 84-91

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