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Based on the causation of behaviour, welfare may be defined by motivational balance and behavioural needs by environmental and behavioural key features that are essential for the performance of behavioural sequences. Ethological minimum requirements were determined from observations of adult and...

Stolba, A.; Wood-Gush, D. G. M.
Annales de Recherches Vétérinaires, 1984, 15, 2, pp 287-298