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Animal Science Database

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Abstract

Maternal and social isolation have been shown to have detrimental effects on behaviour that persist into adulthood in a range of species. In the UK, dairy calves are separated from their dam almost immediately, and 60% are individually reared during their first weeks of life. The cost of rearing...

Author(s)
Bolt, S. L.
Publisher
MA Healthcare Limited, London, UK
Citation
Livestock, 2018, 23, 1, pp 22-26
Abstract

In the late 19th-century United States and Europe, infants died at high rates from diarrhea. Physicians and social justice advocates responded to the public health crisis with attempts to clean up the water and cows' milk supplies, as well as social welfare legislation and assorted educational...

Author(s)
Wolf, J. H.
Publisher
Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, USA
Citation
Journal of Human Lactation, 2018, 34, 2, pp 226-231
Abstract

Contact networks are fundamental to the transmission of infection and host sex often affects the acquisition and progression of infection. However, the epidemiological impacts of sex-related variation in animal contact networks have rarely been investigated. We test the hypothesis that sex-biases...

Author(s)
Silk, M. J.; Weber, N. L.; Steward, L. C.; Hodgson, D. J.; Boots, M.; Croft, D. P.; Delahay, R. J.; McDonald, R. A.
Publisher
Wiley, Oxford, UK
Citation
Ecology Letters, 2018, 21, 2, pp 309-318
Abstract

Author(s)
Vasseur, E.
Publisher
Producteur de Lait Québécois, Longueuil, Canada
Citation
Producteur de Lait Québécois, 2018, 38, 6, pp 30-32
AbstractFull Text

Beef cattle production systems in a major pastoral area of Southern Chile are identified and characterized based on groups of land use combinations. The objective of this study was to identify, characterize and describe the evolution of beef cattle production systems in the Araucania region and...

Author(s)
Toro-Mujica, P. M.; Vera, R.; Vargas-Bello-Peréz, E.; Aguilar, C.; Mir, F. B.
Publisher
Instituto de Zootecnia, Facultad de Veterinaria, Córdoba, Spain
Citation
Archivos de Zootecnia, 2018, 68, 257, pp 61-71
Abstract

Usually, calves are separated from the mother after birth and kept in individual boxes for the first 10 to 14 days. For several years, however, there are numerous scientific test results that suggest that calf development is positively influenced if they are kept very early in pairs or in small...

Author(s)
Möcklinghoff-Wicke, S.; Zieger, P.
Publisher
DLG AgroFood medien gmbh, Bonn, Germany
Citation
Milchpraxis, 2018, 56, 2, pp 48-53
Abstract

Metritis is common in the days after calving and can reduce milk production and reproductive performance. The aim of this study was to identify changes in feeding and social behavior at the feed bunk, as well as changes in lying behavior before metritis diagnosis. Initially healthy Holstein cows...

Author(s)
Neave, H. W.; Lomb, J.; Weary, D. M.; LeBlanc, S. J.; Huzzey, J. M.; Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von
Publisher
Elsevier Inc., Philadelphia, USA
Citation
Journal of Dairy Science, 2018, 101, 5, pp 4388-4399
Abstract

In order to improve animal welfare it is recommended that dairy farmers move calving cows from the herd to individual pens when calving is imminent. However, the practicality of moving cows has proven a challenge and may lead to disturbance of the cows rather than easing the process of calving. One ...

Author(s)
Rørvang, M. V.; Herskin, M. S.; Jensen, M. B.
Publisher
Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA
Citation
PLoS ONE, 2018, 13, 1, pp e0191128
Abstract

This book contains 9 chapters that discuss cattle production systems; common animal-based assessment measures; approaches, goals and next steps in assessment of cattle welfare on farms; effects, challenges and progress in human-animal interactions; feed and water selection, ability to move freely...

Author(s)
Tucker, C. B.
Publisher
Woodhead Publishing, Duxford, UK
Citation
Advances in cattle welfare, 2018, pp xv + 250 pp.
Abstract

Social behavior is learned early in life; it enables calves to adapt to later challenges, and rearing with the dam or with peers improves calf welfare compared to individual rearing. When calves are dam-reared, breaking the maternal-filial bond is stressful, but partial separation prior to final...

Author(s)
Jensen, M. B.
Publisher
Woodhead Publishing, Duxford, UK
Citation
Advances in cattle welfare, 2018, pp 123-155

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