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Animal Science Database

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Abstract

Objectives: To quantify behavior and productivity of females grouped in small static groups when fed using a single-entry/exit electronic sow feeder (ESF) over two consecutive gestation periods. Materials and methods: Fifty-eight gilts with no previous experience in group gestation housing were...

Author(s)
Campler, M.; Pairis-Garcia, M.; Kieffer, J.; Moeller, S.
Publisher
American Association of Swine Veterinarians, Perry, USA
Citation
Journal of Swine Health and Production, 2019, 27, 2, pp 76-86
Abstract

African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) are endangered carnivores with a population size that is currently estimated at 6,600 adults in the wild. The European Endangered Species Program (EEP) for African wild dogs aims to maintain a healthy zoo population that is sustainable in the long term and thereby...

Author(s)
Zijlmans, D. G. M.; Duchateau, M. J. H. M.
Publisher
European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA), Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research, 2019, 7, 1, pp 25-30
Abstract

Stereotypic behaviour in zoo elephants is considered an indicator of impaired welfare. The underlying causes are diverse and many aspects are still unexplored. Nevertheless, many zoological institutions make huge efforts to improve the well-being of their elephants. The construction of a new...

Author(s)
Schiffmann, C.; Clauss, M.; Hoby, S.
Publisher
European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA), Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research, 2019, 7, 1, pp 37-43
AbstractFull Text

A study was conducted on the population and behaviour of long-tailed macaque, Macaca fascicularis and southern pigtailed macaque, M. nemestrina in Paya Bakau Park, Perak, Malaysia. Direct field observations were taken for 20 nonconsecutive days between October and December 2016. One-hour...

Author(s)
Dzulhelmi, M. N.; Suriyanti, S.; Manickam, S.
Publisher
Pakistan Agricultural Scientists Forum, Lahore, Pakistan
Citation
JAPS, Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 2019, 29, 2, pp 611-618
Abstract

Research with a variety of aquatic ectotherms suggests that variation in individual metabolic rate (i.e., metabolic phenotype) can be a factor that influences the behaviour and growth of individuals. Slow growth, growth disparity and growth depensation have been reported as major drawbacks to spiny ...

Author(s)
Tuzan, A. D.; Fitzgibbon, Q. P.; Carter, C. G.; Battaglene, S. C.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Aquaculture, 2019, 508, pp 66-75
Abstract

Two experiments were conducted to assess the influence of human attentional state, population, and human familiarity on domestic cat sociability. Sociability behaviors included duration of time in proximity and contact with the human and the frequency of meow vocalizations. Human attentional state...

Author(s)
Vitale, K. R.; Udell, M. A. R.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Behavioural Processes, 2019, 158, pp 11-17
Abstract

Separation of calves from cows within hours or days of birth is common on dairy farms. Stakeholders have conflicting perspectives on whether this practice is harmful or beneficial for the animals' welfare and production. Our objective was to critically evaluate the scientific evidence for both...

Author(s)
Meagher, R. K.; Beaver, A.; Weary, D. M.; Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von
Publisher
Elsevier Inc., Philadelphia, USA
Citation
Journal of Dairy Science, 2019, 102, 7, pp 5765-5783
Abstract

Group housing provides horses with social contact, a lack of which is associated with health and behavior problems. Despite the benefits of group housing for horses, horse owners are concerned about aggression and resulting injuries. This study focused on agonistic and affiliative interactions in a ...

Author(s)
Pierard, M.; McGreevy, P.; Geers, R.
Publisher
Elsevier, New York, USA
Citation
Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 2019, 29, pp 61-69
Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate if female growing pigs spend similar amounts of time exploring a wooden stick as they do exploring enrichment material regardless of its proximity to the feeder. Forty-eight pigs aged 18 to 26 weeks allocated to 16 pens with three pigs per pen were...

Author(s)
Dalmau, A.; Areal, B.; Machado, S.; Pallisera, J.; Velarde, A.
Publisher
Routledge, Philadelphia, USA
Citation
Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 2019, 22, 2, pp 116-126
Abstract

The effect that visitors have on the behavior and welfare of animals is a widely-studied topic in zoo animal welfare. Typically, these studies focus on how the presence or activity levels of visitors affect animals. However, for many species, and particularly primates, social factors, such as...

Author(s)
Woods, J. M.; Ross, S. R.; Cronin, K. A.
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Animals, 2019, 9, 6, pp 316

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