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Animal Science Database

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Abstract

Objectives: To quantify behavior and productivity of females grouped in small static groups when fed using a single-entry/exit electronic sow feeder (ESF) over two consecutive gestation periods. Materials and methods: Fifty-eight gilts with no previous experience in group gestation housing were...

Author(s)
Campler, M.; Pairis-Garcia, M.; Kieffer, J.; Moeller, S.
Publisher
American Association of Swine Veterinarians, Perry, USA
Citation
Journal of Swine Health and Production, 2019, 27, 2, pp 76-86
Abstract

African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) are endangered carnivores with a population size that is currently estimated at 6,600 adults in the wild. The European Endangered Species Program (EEP) for African wild dogs aims to maintain a healthy zoo population that is sustainable in the long term and thereby...

Author(s)
Zijlmans, D. G. M.; Duchateau, M. J. H. M.
Publisher
European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA), Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research, 2019, 7, 1, pp 25-30
Abstract

During pregnancy, the maternal immune system is characterized by a shift from adaptive to innate immune functions. Besides, the immune system can be influenced by social rank. Detailed knowledge of pregnancy-associated immune changes and of the interplay of rank-associated and gestation-induced...

Author(s)
Schalk, C.; Pfaffinger, B.; Schmucker, S.; Weiler, U.; Stefanski, V.
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Animals, 2019, 9, 3, pp 112
Abstract

Sexual dimorphism in body size, aggression, and dispersal patterns may affect the degree to which males and females perceive aggression from either sex as stressful. Whereas male macaques typically disperse to new groups at maturity, thus encountering many unfamiliar individuals of both sexes,...

Author(s)
Linden, J. B.; McCowan, B.; Capitanio, J. P.; Isbell, L. A.
Publisher
Springer-Japan, Tokyo, Japan
Citation
Primates, 2019, 60, 1, pp 51-62
Abstract

Signals of dominance and submissiveness are central to conspecific communication in many species. For domestic animals, sensitivities to these signals in humans may also be beneficial. We presented domestic horses with a free choice between two unfamiliar humans, one adopting a submissive and the...

Author(s)
Smith, A. V.; Wilson, C.; McComb, K.; Proops, L.
Publisher
Springer Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany
Citation
Animal Cognition, 2018, 21, 2, pp 307-312
Abstract

Livestock is the category of animals that suffers the most severe welfare problems. Among these, physical, physiological, and behavioural distress caused by artificial grouping are some of the challenges faced by these animals. Groups whose members are frequently changed have been reported as...

Author(s)
Carvalho, R. R.; Palme, R.; Vasconcellos, A. da S.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Behavioural Processes, 2018, 149, pp 43-51
Abstract

Selection for indirect genetic effects (IGE), i.e. the genetic effect of an individual on a trait of another individual, is a promising avenue to increase trait values in plant and animal breeding. Studies in livestock suggest that selection for IGE for growth (IGEg) might increase animals'...

Author(s)
Camerlink, I.; Ursinus, W. W.; Bartels, A. C.; Bijma, P.; Bolhuis, J. E.
Publisher
Springer, New York, USA
Citation
Behavior Genetics, 2018, 48, 5, pp 413-420
Abstract

Animals living in groups compete for food resources and face food conflicts. These conflicts are affected by social factors (e.g. competition level) and behavioural strategies (e.g. avoidance). This study aimed to deepen our understanding of the complex interactions between social factors and...

Author(s)
Boumans, I. J. M. M.; Boer, I. J. M. de; Hofstede, G. J.; Bokkers, E. A. M.
Publisher
Elsevier, New York, USA
Citation
Physiology & Behavior, 2018, 194, pp 23-40
Abstract

In this chapter, we describe how the constrained structure of managed social groups may lead to the occurrence of animal welfare problems and discuss potential solutions. Solving socially induced welfare problems is particularly challenging because it is usually more difficult to predict how...

Author(s)
Galindo, F.; Newberry, R. C.; Mendl, M.
ISBN
2018 CAB International (H ISBN 9781786390202)
Publisher
CAB International, Wallingford, UK
Citation
Animal welfare, 2018, Ed. 3, pp 271-293
Abstract

We studied the effects of social rank on the haematologic profile in a herd of 24 female Iberian red deer hinds. Social rank hierarchy was determined and blood samples were taken and analysed. After adjusting for age and body mass, dominance ranking showed a significant negative effect (ie, lower...

Author(s)
Ceacero, F.; Gaspar-López, E.; Landete-Castillejos, T.; Gallego, L.; García, A. J.
Publisher
BMJ Publishing Group, London, UK
Citation
Veterinary Record, 2018, 182, 15, pp 436

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