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Animal Science Database

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Abstract

While endotherms can rely on their insulation to reduce heat loss to adapt to cold environments, renewing of fur during molt impairs insulation while they have to perfuse the periphery to support epidermal tissues. The southern elephant seal Mirounga leonina undertakes an annual catastrophic molt...

Author(s)
Chaise, L. L.; McCafferty, D. J.; Krellenstein, A.; Gallon, S. L.; Paterson, W. D.; Théry, M.; Ancel, A.; Gilbert, C.
Publisher
Elsevier, New York, USA
Citation
Physiology & Behavior, 2019, 199, pp 182-190
Abstract

Dichlorvos (2,2-dichlorovinyl-dimethylphosphate), an organophosphorus pesticide used for indoor insect and livestock parasite control, is among the most common commercially available pesticides. However, there are significant concerns over its toxicity, especially due to its relative stability in...

Author(s)
Altenhofen, S.; Nabinger, D. D.; Bitencourt, P. E. R.; Bonan, C. D.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Environmental Pollution, 2019, 245, pp 1117-1123
Abstract

In animals, chemical signals elicit social behaviors such as feeding, avoidance, aggregation, and schooling. Especially, many fishes employ sex pheromones for mating or spawning in the reproductive season. The pheromonal substances can be categorized into hormonal pheromones (steroids and...

Author(s)
Yambe, H.
Publisher
Fragrance Journal Ltd., Tokyo, Japan
Citation
Aroma Research, 2018, 19, 2, pp 105-111
Abstract

There is increasing evidence that the composition of a social group influences the fitness of its members. For example, group member identities can determine the exposure risk to contact-transmitted parasites and consequently impact the health of all group members. Here, we propose that group...

Author(s)
Klemme, I.; Karvonen, A.
Publisher
Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Animal Behaviour, 2018, 146, pp 165-172
Abstract

Transmission of morbilliviruses within and among marine mammal species has been documented in a variety of marine habitats. Cetacean morbillivirus spreads between cetacean species in the aquatic environment whereas both phocine distemper virus and canine distemper virus have been associated with...

Author(s)
Jo, W. K.; Osterhaus, A. D. M. E.; Ludlow, M.
Publisher
Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Current Opinion in Virology, 2018, 28, pp 133-141
Abstract

The great increase in the study of dog cognition in the current century has yielded insights into canine cognition in a variety of domains. In this review, we seek to place our enhanced understanding of canine cognition into context. We argue that in order to assess dog cognition, we need to regard ...

Author(s)
Lea, S. E. G.; Osthaus, B.
Publisher
Springer, New York, USA
Citation
Learning & Behavior, 2018, 46, 4, pp 335-363
Abstract

Associating with conspecifics afflicted with infectious diseases increases the risk of becoming infected, but engaging in avoidance behaviour incurs the cost of lost social benefits. Across systems, infected individuals vary in the transmission risk they pose, so natural selection should favour...

Author(s)
Stephenson, J. F.; Perkins, S. E.; Cable, J.
Publisher
Wiley, Oxford, UK
Citation
Journal of Animal Ecology, 2018, 87, 6, pp 1525-1533
Abstract

Cognitive stimulation has been shown to be rewarding and capable of eliciting positive emotions in several species. In contrast to the abundant learning and exploration opportunities available in nature, captive environments can be under-stimulating - with the potential to induce anhedonia and...

Author(s)
Graham, C.; Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von; Franks, B.
Publisher
Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 2018, 203, pp 103-110
Abstract

Zebrafish are now one of the most used animal model species in scientific research worldwide. Our current knowledge of wild zebrafish is limited to an estimated range of their natural habitats and their tendencies to form groups. In laboratories, zebrafish are typically housed in situations that...

Author(s)
Graham, C.; Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von; Franks, B.
Publisher
Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 2018, 200, pp 13-22
Abstract

Understanding how animals experience stress in a laboratory environment is crucial for improving their welfare. Increasing numbers of fish are being used in scientific studies and further research is required to ensure appropriate conditions are used to promote good conduct and correct housing as...

Author(s)
White, L. J.; Thomson, J. S.; Pounder, K. C.; Coleman, R. C.; Sneddon, L. U.
Publisher
Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Animal Behaviour, 2017, 132, pp 189-199

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