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Abstract

Reduced space can lead to crowding in social animals. Crowding increases the risk of agonistic interactions that, in turn, may require additional physiological defensive coping mechanisms affecting health. To determine the stress induced from increased social density in a group of nineteen baboons...

Author(s)
Pearson, B. L.; Reeder, D. M.; Judge, P. G.
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken, USA
Citation
American Journal of Primatology, 2015, 77, 4, pp 462-467
Abstract

Among the many fascinating examples of collective behavior exhibited by animal groups, some species are known to alternate slow group dispersion in space with rapid aggregation phenomena induced by a sudden behavioral shift at the individual level. We study this phenomenon quantitatively in large...

Author(s)
Ginelli, F.; Peruani, F.; Pillot, M. H.; Chaté, H.; Theraulaz, G.; Bon, R.
Publisher
National Academy of Sciences, Washington, USA
Citation
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2015, 112, 41, pp 12729-12734
Abstract

Currently assessment and management of animal welfare are based on the supposition that welfare status is something experienced identically by each individual animal when exposed to the same conditions. However, many authors argue that individual welfare cannot be seen as an 'objective' state, but...

Author(s)
Ohl, F.; Putman, R. J.
Publisher
Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands
Citation
Acta Biotheoretica, 2014, 62, 1, pp 35-45
Abstract

In New World primates, mixed-species troops have been reported. Here, we analysed the performance of affiliative and agonistic behaviours of Callithrix jacchus and Callithrix penicillata living in mixed groups. For this purpose, we recorded the interaction of the individuals from two groups located ...

Author(s)
Valença-Silva, G.; Maciel, F. G.; Zaganini, R. L.; Lucindo, A. S.; Caramaschi, S.; Paula, H. M. G. de
Publisher
Instituto Internacional de Ecologia, São Carlos, Brazil
Citation
Brazilian Journal of Biology, 2014, 74, 3, pp 607-611
Abstract

Models of collective animal behaviour frequently make assumptions about the effects of neighbours on the behaviour of focal individuals, but these assumptions are rarely tested. One such set of assumptions is that the switch between active and inactive behaviour seen in herding animals is...

Author(s)
Rands, S. A.; Muir, H.; Terry, N. L.
Publisher
PeerJ, San Francisco, USA
Citation
PeerJ, 2014, 2, 344, pp e344
Abstract

Group living facilitates pathogen transmission among social hosts, yet temporally stable host social organizations can actually limit transmission of some pathogens. When there are few between-subpopulation contacts for the duration of a disease event, transmission becomes localized to...

Author(s)
Manlove, K. R.; Cassirer, E. F.; Cross, P. C.; Plowright, R. K.; Hudson, P. J.
Publisher
Royal Society, London, UK
Citation
Proceedings of the Royal Society B. Biological Sciences, 2014, 281, 1797, pp 20142331
Abstract

Giraffe social behaviour and relationships are currently in the period of scientific renaissance, changing the former ideas of nonexisting social bonds into understanding of complex social structures of giraffe herds. Different giraffe subspecies have been studied in the wild and only one was...

Author(s)
Malyjurkova, L.; Hejzlarova, M.; Vymyslicka, P. J.; Brandlova, K.
Publisher
De Gruyter Open, Warsaw, Poland
Citation
Agricultura Tropica et Subtropica, 2014, 47, 1, pp 5-13
Abstract

Individuals in social species commonly form dominance relationships, where dominant individuals enjoy greater access to resources compared to subordinates. A range of factors such as sex, age, body size and prior experiences has to varying degrees been observed to affect the social status an...

Author(s)
Favati, A.; Leimar, O.; Løvlie, H.
Publisher
Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA
Citation
PLoS ONE, 2014, 9, 7, pp e103535
AbstractFull Text

The paper presents issues related to the creation and establishment of hierarchical systems in a herd of cattle, as well as the importance of these issues for cattle breeders and producers. It also discusses the concepts of a flight zone and individual comfort zone, whose violation makes it...

Author(s)
Abramowicz, P.; Brzozowski, P.; Gołębiewski, M.
Publisher
Polskie Towarzystwo Nauk Weterynaryjnych, Lublin, Poland
Citation
Medycyna Weterynaryjna, 2014, 70, 2, pp 90-93
Abstract

This article discusses how to deal with the possible behavioural outcomes during the addition and removal of goats from groups.

Author(s)
Patt, A.; Keil, N.
Publisher
Forum Kleinwiederkäuer/Petits Ruminants, Herzogenbuchsee, Switzerland
Citation
Forum Kleinwiederkäuer/Petits Ruminants, 2014, No.1/2, pp 12-17

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