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Animal Science Database

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Abstract

The Northern bald ibis (Geronticus eremita) (NBI) is one of the most threatened birds in the world. Intense conservation efforts have been undertaken and several research projects on the species are being done in Morocco and in Europe. Observing animal behaviour has been proved to be an efficient...

Author(s)
Spiezio, C.; Valsecchi, V.; Sandri, C.; Regaiolli, B.
Publisher
PeerJ, San Francisco, USA
Citation
PeerJ, 2018, 6, 5436, pp e5436
Abstract

Livestock is the category of animals that suffers the most severe welfare problems. Among these, physical, physiological, and behavioural distress caused by artificial grouping are some of the challenges faced by these animals. Groups whose members are frequently changed have been reported as...

Author(s)
Carvalho, R. R.; Palme, R.; Vasconcellos, A. da S.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Behavioural Processes, 2018, 149, pp 43-51
Abstract

The density-related permanence test (DRP) is used to classify young birds (while in groups) according to their individual permanence in proximity to either a high or low density of conspecifics (HD or LD, respectively). The birds' performance in DRP was associated with underlying differences in the ...

Author(s)
Guzmán, D. A.; Lèche, A.; Contarde, C. B.; Nazar, F. N.; Marin, R. H.
Publisher
Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK
Citation
Poultry Science, 2018, 97, 11, pp 4107-4112
Abstract

The identification of genes affecting sociality can give insights into the maintenance and development of sociality and personality. In this study, we used the combination of an advanced intercross between wild and domestic chickens with a combined QTL and eQTL genetical genomics approach to...

Author(s)
Johnsson, M.; Henriksen, R.; Fogelholm, J.; Höglund, A.; Jensen, P.; Wright, D.
Publisher
Genetics Society of America, Bethesda, USA
Citation
Genetics, 2018, 209, 1, pp 209-221
Abstract

This book contains 17 chapters that discuss commercial poultry production systems and their main welfare challenges; the effects of hatchery practices on the welfare of poultry; rearing young birds for adaptability; electrical stunning of poultry; gas and low atmospheric pressure stunning; welfare...

Author(s)
Mench, J. A.
Publisher
Woodhead Publishing, Duxford, UK
Citation
Advances in poultry welfare, 2018, pp xix + 385 pp.
Abstract

The rearing period is critical for behavioral and physiological development of poultry species. After undergoing various multiple procedures at the hatchery, chicks and poults are transported; placed in a novel environment with same-age conspecifics; and must learn to eat, drink, and develop...

Author(s)
Widowski, T.; Torrey, S.
Publisher
Woodhead Publishing, Duxford, UK
Citation
Advances in poultry welfare, 2018, pp 49-76
Abstract

This chapter reviews practical items for the on-farm assessment of the welfare of individual birds in a poultry flock. While welfare assessment of the flock as a whole is also critical on the farm, in this chapter, we focus on the individual bird. An individual bird's welfare depends on its ability ...

Author(s)
Linares, J. A.; Dougherty, S.; Millman, S.
Publisher
Woodhead Publishing, Duxford, UK
Citation
Advances in poultry welfare, 2018, pp 131-148
Abstract

Domestication of animals offers unique possibilities to study evolutionary changes caused by similar selection pressures across a range of species. Animals from separate genera tend to develop a suite of phenotypic alterations referred to as "the domesticated phenotype". This involves changes in...

Author(s)
Agnvall, B.; Bélteky, J.; Katajamaa, R.; Jensen, P.
Publisher
Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 2018, 205, pp 227-233
Abstract

All poultry species live in groups. These groups can change in structure and composition depending on the season, group size, or availability of resources. Living in groups protects animals from predators and facilitates finding new resources, among other benefits. But living in groups also has...

Author(s)
Estevez, I.
Publisher
Woodhead Publishing, Duxford, UK
Citation
Advances in poultry welfare, 2018, pp 243-262
Abstract

The disease costs of sociality have largely been understood through the link between group size and transmission. However, infectious disease spread is driven primarily by the social organization of interactions in a group and not its size. We used statistical models to review the social network...

Author(s)
Pratha Sah; Mann, J.; Shweta Bansal
Publisher
Wiley, Oxford, UK
Citation
Journal of Animal Ecology, 2018, 87, 3, pp 546-558

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