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Animal Science Database

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Abstract

Group-living animals must constantly integrate and respond to information from other individuals within the group. The degree to which consistent inter-individual behavioural differences are influenced by social cues in such groups is largely unanswered. We used the honey bee waggle dance as an...

Author(s)
George, E. A.; Axel Brockmann
Publisher
Springer Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany
Citation
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 2019, 73, 4, pp Article 41
Abstract

Dichlorvos (2,2-dichlorovinyl-dimethylphosphate), an organophosphorus pesticide used for indoor insect and livestock parasite control, is among the most common commercially available pesticides. However, there are significant concerns over its toxicity, especially due to its relative stability in...

Author(s)
Altenhofen, S.; Nabinger, D. D.; Bitencourt, P. E. R.; Bonan, C. D.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Environmental Pollution, 2019, 245, pp 1117-1123
Abstract

The acquisition and use of social information are integral to social behaviour and parasite/pathogen avoidance. This involves social cognition which encompasses mechanisms for acquiring, processing, retaining and acting on social information. Social cognition entails the acquisition of social...

Author(s)
Kavaliers, M.; Choleris, E.
Publisher
Royal Society, London, UK
Citation
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. Biological Sciences, 2018, 373, 1751, pp 20170206
Abstract

Lapses from vegetarian and vegan (i.e., veg*n) food choices to meat consumption are very common, suggesting that sustaining veg*nism is challenging. But little is known about why people return to eating animals after initially deciding to avoid meat consumption. Several potential explanatory...

Author(s)
Hodson, G.; Earle, M.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Appetite, 2018, 120, pp 75-81
Abstract

This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of protein degradability on the performance, nutrient digestibility, rumen fermentation and behavior of lambs fed diets containing pomegranate peel (PP). Twenty-four male Iranian Arabic lambs (mean±standard deviation; 16.3±1.3 kg BW) were...

Author(s)
Karamnejad, K.; Sari, M.; Salari, S.; Chaji, M.
Publisher
Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Small Ruminant Research, 2019, 173, pp 9-16
Abstract

A fundamental tenet of the Danish Prison System is the principle of normalization, meaning that prisons are organized in such a way that the conditions within the walls more or less resemble the conditions outside them. When prison conditions differ as little as possible from normal daily life on...

Author(s)
Minke, L. K.
Publisher
Routledge, Abingdon, UK
Citation
Anthrozoös, 2017, 30, 3, pp 387-395
Abstract

South Africa has seen a recent increase in the number of African elephants (Loxodonta africana) maintained in reserves and parks and managed in free contact, where they may spend a significant amount of time in close proximity to humans. This study investigates how individual elephants choose to...

Author(s)
Rossman, Z. T.; Padfield, C.; Young, D.; Hart, L. A.
Publisher
Frontiers Media S.A., Lausanne, Switzerland
Citation
Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 2017, 4, April, pp 60
Abstract

Social pressure is increasing to adopt alternative housing and management practices that allow farm animals more opportunity to exercise and demonstrate social behavior. The present study investigated the effect of pair housing on the behavior and growth performance of Jersey heifer calves. Forty...

Author(s)
Pempek, J. A.; Eastridge, M. L.; Swartzwelder, S. S.; Daniels, K. M.; Yohe, T. T.
Publisher
Elsevier Inc., Philadelphia, USA
Citation
Journal of Dairy Science, 2016, 99, 1, pp 569-578
Abstract

Within animal societies, demographic and social factors, as well as the different reproductive efforts of group members, may influence individual patterns of reproductive success and parasitism. In mammals, such relationships have been studied primarily in male-dominant species. To better...

Author(s)
Smyth, K. N.; Drea, C. M.
Publisher
Oxford University Press, Cary, USA
Citation
Behavioral Ecology, 2016, 27, 1, pp 148-157
Abstract

Social factors are important determinants of disease in humans and laboratory animals, but less research has been done using farm animals. The objective of this study was to determine if an unpredictable and competitive social environment affects behavior and health during the transition period...

Author(s)
Proudfoot, K. L.; Weary, D. M.; Leblanc, S. J.; Mamedova, L. K.; Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von
Publisher
Elsevier Inc., Philadelphia, USA
Citation
Journal of Dairy Science, 2018, 101, 10, pp 9309-9320

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