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Animal Science Database

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Abstract

Oxytocin has been well researched in association with psychological variables and is widely accepted as a key modulator of human social behaviour. Previous work indicates involvement of oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in human-human empathy, however little is...

Author(s)
Connor, M.; Lawrence, A. B.; Brown, S. M.
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Animals, 2018, 8, 8, pp 140
Abstract

This study assessed the effect of pre-natal social stress and post-natal pain on the reproductive development of young (approximately day 40) pigs. Male pigs carried by sows that were stressed by mixing with unfamiliar older sows for two 1-week periods during mid-pregnancy had lower plasma...

Author(s)
Ashworth, C. J.; Hogg, C. O.; Hoeks, C. W. F.; Donald, R. D.; Duncan, W. C.; Lawrence, A. B.; Rutherford, K. M. D.
Publisher
Bioscientifica Ltd, Bristol, UK
Citation
Reproduction, 2011, 142, 6, pp 907-914
Abstract

The ability to assess emotionality is important within animal welfare research. Yet, for farm animals, few tests of emotionality have been well validated. Here we investigated the construct validity of behavioural measures of pig emotionality in an open-field test by manipulating the experiences of ...

Author(s)
Donald, R. D.; Healy, S. D.; Lawrence, A. B.; Rutherford, K. M. D.
Publisher
Elsevier, New York, USA
Citation
Physiology & Behavior, 2011, 104, 5, pp 906-913
Abstract

Aggression when pigs are mixed into new social groups has negative impacts on welfare and production. Aggressive behaviour is moderately heritable and could be reduced by genetic selection. The possible wider impacts of selection for reduced aggressiveness on handling traits and activity in the...

Author(s)
D'Eath, R. B.; Roehe, R.; Turner, S. P.; Ison, S. H.; Farish, M.; Jack, M. C.; Lawrence, A. B.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK
Citation
Animal, 2009, 3, 11, pp 1544-1554
Abstract

Group housed pigs make less frequent feeder visits of longer duration, and eat at a faster rate than pigs housed individually. They also have lower growth rates which may be due to elevated stress levels resulting from changes in the concentrations of hormones, such as cortisol and adrenaline...

Author(s)
Bornett, H. L. I.; Morgan, C. A.; Lawrence, A. B.; Mann, J.
Publisher
Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 2000, 70, 2, pp 127-141
Abstract

Significant breed differences in grazing, activity, social and other affiliative behaviours are known to exist in sheep. The roles of maternal and offspring genotype in determining the development of breed-specific behavioural differences in lambs were investigated using embryo-transfer. Two breeds ...

Author(s)
Dwyer, C. M.; Lawrence, A. B.
Publisher
Brill Academic Publishers, Leiden, Netherlands
Citation
Behaviour, 2000, 137, 12, pp 1629-1654
Abstract

Twenty groups of 7 multiparous Landrace × Large White sows were used in a 2 × 2 factorial design to investigate the effects on behaviour of floor feeding sows the same daily weight of isoenergetic conventional (C) or high fibre (H containing 600 g of unmolassed sugar beet pulp/kg diet) pregnancy...

Author(s)
Whittaker, X.; Edwards, S. A.; Spoolder, H. A. M.; Lawrence, A. B.; Corning, S.
Citation
Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 1999, 63, 1, pp 25-39
Abstract

The social behaviour of Suffolk and Scottish Blackface ewes was investigated over 2 years in 2 different environments. The effect of lamb behaviour on the behaviour of the ewe was investigated in an embryo transfer study between the breeds resulting in 4 combinations of ewe and lamb (25 Blackface...

Author(s)
Dwyer, C. M.; Lawrence, A. B.
Citation
Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 1999, 61, 4, pp 319-334
Abstract

Single-space feeders used in pig selection may favour those pigs which control access to the feeder while straw may modify behaviour. Feed intake, growth rate, feeding and social behaviour of 8 pens of 10 pigs (start weight 40 kg) with or without straw (4 pens/treatment) were recorded over a period ...

Author(s)
Morgan, C. A.; Deans, L. A.; Lawrence, A. B.; Nielsen, B. L.
Citation
Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 1998, 58, 1/2, pp 23-33
Abstract

80 male crossbred pigs (body weight 32.3 kg) were housed in groups of 10 and each group was given access to a computerized single-spaced feeder or a 4-space feeding trough. The feeding behaviour was measured automatically from the single-space feeders, and determined for the 4-space trough from...

Author(s)
Nielsen, B. L.; Lawrence, A. B.; Whittemore, C. T.
Citation
Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 1996, 47, 3/4, pp 235-246

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