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Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of intraspecific social exposure (socialization vs rest) and habituation factors on the levels of urinary serotonin and cortisol [corrected respectively for creatinine to give the serotonin-creatinine ratio (5-HT/Cr) and cortisol-creatinine ratio...

Author(s)
Alberghina, D.; Piccione, G.; Pumilia, G.; Gioè, M.; Rizzo, M.; Raffo, P.; Panzera, M.
Publisher
Elsevier, New York, USA
Citation
Physiology & Behavior, 2019, 206, pp 1-6
Abstract

In this paper, we review the scientific reports of sex-related differences in dogs as compared to the outcomes described for wild animals. Our aim was to explore whether the differences in male and female dogs were affected by the domestication process, in which artificial selection is the main...

Author(s)
Scandurra, A.; Alterisio, A.; Cosmo, A. di; D'Aniello, B.
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Animals, 2018, 8, 9, pp 151
Abstract

Wild chimpanzees possess various behavioral skills that allow them to respond flexibly and so adapt to complex environments. However, we lack quantitative data on the number of captive chimpanzees housed in zoos within Japan, with such behavioral skills. In this study, we conducted a survey of...

Author(s)
Yamanashi, Y.
Publisher
Japanese Association of Zoos and Aquariums, Tokyo, Japan
Citation
Journal of Japanese Association of Zoos and Aquariums, 2018, 60, 2, pp 36-52
Abstract

Contact networks are fundamental to the transmission of infection and host sex often affects the acquisition and progression of infection. However, the epidemiological impacts of sex-related variation in animal contact networks have rarely been investigated. We test the hypothesis that sex-biases...

Author(s)
Silk, M. J.; Weber, N. L.; Steward, L. C.; Hodgson, D. J.; Boots, M.; Croft, D. P.; Delahay, R. J.; McDonald, R. A.
Publisher
Wiley, Oxford, UK
Citation
Ecology Letters, 2018, 21, 2, pp 309-318
Abstract

Previous studies of nonhuman primates have found relationships between health and individual differences in personality, behavior, and social status. However, despite knowing these factors are intercorrelated, many studies focus only on a single measure, for example, rank. Consequently, it is...

Author(s)
Robinson, L. M.; Coleman, K.; Capitanio, J. P.; Gottlieb, D. H.; Handel, I. G.; Adams, M. J.; Leach, M. C.; Waran, N. K.; Weiss, A.
Publisher
Wiley, Hoboken, USA
Citation
American Journal of Primatology, 2018, 80, 2, pp e22739
Abstract

This study examines the activity budgets and social behaviours initiated and received by 69 focal dogs in an off-leash dog park for 400 s after entry, a time of high activity about which little is known. Using motivationally-neutral labels for social behaviour categories, we describe the frequency...

Author(s)
Howse, M. S.; Anderson, R. E.; Walsh, C. J.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Behavioural Processes, 2018, 157, pp 691-701
Abstract

Animals often interact non-randomly with conspecifics, and association preferences can differ across life-history stages to maximize individuals' fitness. Mongolian gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus) are a social rodent that live in highly seasonal habitats and display seasonal fluctuations in...

Author(s)
Deng Ke; Liu Wei; Wang DeHua
Publisher
Wiley, Beijing, China
Citation
Integrative Zoology, 2017, 12, 6, pp 446-456
Abstract

Chronic stress may cause physical, behavioral and neuropsychiatric changes, affecting the health condition of an individual. Aggression is a universal behavior with great relevance on human and animal social systems. Despite studies showing the influence of chronic stress on aggression, the effects ...

Author(s)
Rambo, C. L.; Mocelin, R.; Marcon, M.; Villanova, D.; Koakoski, G.; Abreu, M. S. de; Oliveira, T. A.; Barcellos, L. J. G.; Piato, A. L.; Bonan, C. D.
Publisher
Elsevier, New York, USA
Citation
Physiology & Behavior, 2017, 171, pp 50-54
AbstractFull Text

The canine cognitive disorders (DCC) is a neurobehavioral syndrome that affects elderly animals, characterized by deficiencies in learning, memory and space perception, as well as changes in social interactions and sleep pattern. In spite of its common occurrence, it is not diagnosed and treated,...

Author(s)
Marcolino, G.; Escodro, P. B.; Souza, F. W. de; Notomi, M. K.
Publisher
CRMV-PE, Zumbi, Brazil
Citation
Ciência Veterinária nos Trópicos, 2016, 19, 2, pp 11-18
Abstract

The immunocompetence handicap hypothesis posits that androgens in males can be a 'double-edged sword', actively promoting reproductive success, while also negatively impacting health. Because there can be both substantial androgen concentrations in females and significant androgenic variation among ...

Author(s)
Smyth, K. N.; Greene, L. K.; Clutton-Brock, T.; Drea, C. M.
Publisher
Royal Society, London, UK
Citation
Biology Letters, 2016, 12, 10, pp 20160660

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