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Abstract

Dominance indices are calculated by considering the differences between the number of won and lost fights. Whether these differences show a significant asymmetric outcome or not is neglected. Thus, two calculation methods for the limits of significant dyads are proposed using a sign test based on...

Author(s)
Büttner, K.; Czycholl, I.; Mees, K.; Krieter, J.
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Animals, 2019, 9, 6, pp 344
Abstract

The effect that visitors have on the behavior and welfare of animals is a widely-studied topic in zoo animal welfare. Typically, these studies focus on how the presence or activity levels of visitors affect animals. However, for many species, and particularly primates, social factors, such as...

Author(s)
Woods, J. M.; Ross, S. R.; Cronin, K. A.
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Animals, 2019, 9, 6, pp 316
Abstract

Spatial positioning of individuals in animal groups has been studied from numerous perspectives. However, although many studies have focused on spatial position in flocks of birds and schools of fish, relatively few studies have been conducted in mammals with high accuracy. Because some mammal...

Author(s)
Inoue, S.; Yamamoto, S.; Ringhofer, M.; Mendonça, R. S.; Pereira, C.; Hirata, S.
Publisher
Springer Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany
Citation
Mammal Research, 2019, 64, 2, pp 249-259
Abstract

While endotherms can rely on their insulation to reduce heat loss to adapt to cold environments, renewing of fur during molt impairs insulation while they have to perfuse the periphery to support epidermal tissues. The southern elephant seal Mirounga leonina undertakes an annual catastrophic molt...

Author(s)
Chaise, L. L.; McCafferty, D. J.; Krellenstein, A.; Gallon, S. L.; Paterson, W. D.; Théry, M.; Ancel, A.; Gilbert, C.
Publisher
Elsevier, New York, USA
Citation
Physiology & Behavior, 2019, 199, pp 182-190
Abstract

Stereotypic behaviour in zoo elephants is considered an indicator of impaired welfare. The underlying causes are diverse and many aspects are still unexplored. Nevertheless, many zoological institutions make huge efforts to improve the well-being of their elephants. The construction of a new...

Author(s)
Schiffmann, C.; Clauss, M.; Hoby, S.
Publisher
European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA), Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research, 2019, 7, 1, pp 37-43
Abstract

African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) are endangered carnivores with a population size that is currently estimated at 6,600 adults in the wild. The European Endangered Species Program (EEP) for African wild dogs aims to maintain a healthy zoo population that is sustainable in the long term and thereby...

Author(s)
Zijlmans, D. G. M.; Duchateau, M. J. H. M.
Publisher
European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA), Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research, 2019, 7, 1, pp 25-30
Abstract

We explore how herd composition and management factors correlate with frequencies of social interactions in horse groups. Since the welfare of horses correlates with low aggression levels and social contact opportunities, information of this kind is important. The data are a collection of records...

Author(s)
Sigurjónsdóttir, H.; Haraldsson, H.
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Animals, 2019, 9, 1, pp 14
Abstract

Sexual dimorphism in body size, aggression, and dispersal patterns may affect the degree to which males and females perceive aggression from either sex as stressful. Whereas male macaques typically disperse to new groups at maturity, thus encountering many unfamiliar individuals of both sexes,...

Author(s)
Linden, J. B.; McCowan, B.; Capitanio, J. P.; Isbell, L. A.
Publisher
Springer-Japan, Tokyo, Japan
Citation
Primates, 2019, 60, 1, pp 51-62
Abstract

Degus (Octodon degus) and chinchillas (Chincilla laniger and C. brevicaudata) are not only popular pets but also widely used laboratory animals. Degus are models of diabetes and are also used in sociological and human psychological studies. As the anatomy of the chinchillas' ear is similar to that...

Author(s)
Hetényi, N.; Fodor, K.; Fekete, S. Gy.
Publisher
Herman Ottó Institute Nonprofit Ltd., Budapest, Hungary
Citation
Magyar Állatorvosok Lapja, 2019, 141, 1, pp 27-38
Abstract

Zoo Animals: Husbandry, Welfare and Public Interactions begins by suggesting that maintaining biologically functional and compatible social groups is a primary welfare concern for zoo-housed animals. An overview of the welfare impact of social groupings of a number of zoo-housed animals is...

Author(s)
Berger, M.; Corbett, S.
Publisher
Nova Science Publishers, Inc, Hauppauge, USA
Citation
Zoo animals: husbandry, welfare and public interactions, 2018, pp 323 pp.

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