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Abstract

Understanding the behavioral ecology of a species is fundamental to effective conservation and management efforts. This study quantifies the behavioral ontogeny of North Atlantic right whale mother-calf pairs from birth to weaning spanning three critical habitat areas off the eastern coast of the...

Author(s)
Cusano, D. A.; Conger, L. A.; Parijs, S. M. van; Parks, S. E.
Publisher
Wiley, Oxford, UK
Citation
Animal Conservation, 2019, 22, 3, pp 228-237
Abstract

Understanding how novel environmental conditions presented by urbanization affect the ecology and behavior of species is an important component of global change biology. Behavior is the first way in which organisms respond to novel conditions. We investigated differences in habitat use, movement,...

Author(s)
Stroud, J. T.; Colom, M.; Ferrer, P.; Palermo, N.; Vargas, V.; Cavallini, M.; Lopez, J.; Jones, I.
Publisher
Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands
Citation
Urban Ecosystems, 2019, 22, 3, pp 425-434
Abstract

This study aimed to examine the habits of dog walking in Japan using an internet survey of insured dog owners. About 96.4% of the respondents (n=1,151) reported that they would take their dogs for a walk and they most frequently walk their dogs once or twice a day (75.9%) for 30 min to 1 hr...

Author(s)
Kwan, N. C. L.; Inoue, M.; Yamada, A.; Sugiura, K.
Publisher
Wiley, Berlin, Germany
Citation
Zoonoses and Public Health, 2019, 66, 4, pp 393-400
Abstract

A goal-directed action is composed of two main elements on which the observer may focus its attention: the movement performed (i.e., the action) and the outcome (i.e., the goal). In a social learning situation, consequently, the observer may imitate the action of the model or emulate the result of...

Author(s)
Fugazza, C.; Petro, E.; Miklósi, Á.; Pogány, Á.
Publisher
American Psychological Association, Inc., Washington DC, USA
Citation
Journal of Comparative Psychology, 2019, 133, 2, pp 244-251
Abstract

Animal hosts and the microbiota that symbiotically inhabit them benefit each other reciprocally. The microbiota potentially benefit from their animal hosts by increasing the microbial communities through communication signals. Recent investigations reveal novel and important connections between...

Author(s)
Srinivasan Mahalingam; Dhanasekaran Dharumadurai; Govindaraju Archunan
Publisher
Springer Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany
Citation
Symbiosis, 2019, 78, 1, pp 97-106
Abstract

Separation of calves from cows within hours or days of birth is common on dairy farms. Stakeholders have conflicting perspectives on whether this practice is harmful or beneficial for the animals' welfare and production. Our objective was to critically evaluate the scientific evidence for both...

Author(s)
Meagher, R. K.; Beaver, A.; Weary, D. M.; Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von
Publisher
Elsevier Inc., Philadelphia, USA
Citation
Journal of Dairy Science, 2019, 102, 7, pp 5765-5783
Abstract

Objective: Interactions between individuals of the white eared-pheasant (Crossoptilon crossoptilon), lead to a complex social structure in pheasant flocks. The objective of the present study was to explain the dominance hierarchy and social structure of this species from a social network...

Author(s)
Shi ShuMin; Wang Nan; Li ZhaXiJie
Publisher
Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing, China
Citation
Journal of Nanjing Forestry University (Natural Sciences Edition), 2019, 43, 3, pp 137-144
Abstract

Research with a variety of aquatic ectotherms suggests that variation in individual metabolic rate (i.e., metabolic phenotype) can be a factor that influences the behaviour and growth of individuals. Slow growth, growth disparity and growth depensation have been reported as major drawbacks to spiny ...

Author(s)
Tuzan, A. D.; Fitzgibbon, Q. P.; Carter, C. G.; Battaglene, S. C.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Aquaculture, 2019, 508, pp 66-75
Abstract

Objectives: The impact of anthropogenic environmental changes may impose strong pressures on the behavioral flexibility of free-ranging animals. Here, we examine whether rates of interactions with humans had both a direct and indirect influence on the duration and distribution of social grooming in ...

Author(s)
Kaburu, S. S. K.; Marty, P. R.; Beisner, B.; Balasubramaniam, K. N.; Bliss-Moreau, E.; Kaur, K.; Lalit Mohan; McCowan, B.
Publisher
Wiley, Hoboken, USA
Citation
American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 2019, 168, 1, pp 92-103
Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of intraspecific social exposure (socialization vs rest) and habituation factors on the levels of urinary serotonin and cortisol [corrected respectively for creatinine to give the serotonin-creatinine ratio (5-HT/Cr) and cortisol-creatinine ratio...

Author(s)
Alberghina, D.; Piccione, G.; Pumilia, G.; Gioè, M.; Rizzo, M.; Raffo, P.; Panzera, M.
Publisher
Elsevier, New York, USA
Citation
Physiology & Behavior, 2019, 206, pp 1-6

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