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Wild ducks and gulls are the major reservoirs for avian influenza A viruses (AIVs). The mechanisms that drive AIV evolution are complex at sites where various duck and gull species from multiple flyways breed, winter, or stage. The Republic of Georgia is located at the intersection of three...

Venkatesh, D.; Poen, M. J.; Bestebroer, T. M.; Scheuer, R. D.; Oanh Vuong; Chkhaidze, M.; Machablishvili, A.; Mamuchadze, J.; Ninua, L.; Fedorova, N. B.; Halpin, R. A.; Lin XuDong; Ransier, A.; Stockwell, T. B.; Wentworth, D. E.; Kriti, D.; Dutta, J.; Bakel, H. van; Puranik, A.; Slomka, M. J.; Essen, S.; Brown, I. H.; Fouchier, R. A. M.; Lewis, N. S.
American Society for Microbiology (ASM), Washington, D.C., USA
Journal of Virology, 2018, 92, 15, pp e00433-18

In the present study, we used nucleotide and protein sequences of avian influenza virus H5N1, which were obtained in Asia and Africa, analyzed HA proteins using ClustalX1.83 and MEGA4.0, and built a genetic evolutionary tree of HA nucleotides. The analysis revealed that the receptor specificity...

Zhang JiRong; Lei FuMin
Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK
Integrative Zoology, 2010, 5, 3, pp 264-271

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