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Animal Science Database

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Abstract

With the advance of high-throughput genotyping technologies, it is possible to estimate the pattern of linkage disequilibrium (LD) and haplotype block structure at genome wide level in farm animals. Understanding LD characteristics and haplotype blocks can provide useful information to guide genome ...

Author(s)
Niu Hong; Zhu Bo; Guo Peng; Zhang WenGang; Xue JingLong; Chen Yan; Zhang LuPei; Gao HuiJiang; Gao Xue; Xu LingYang; Li JunYa
Publisher
Elsevier B. V., Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Livestock Science, 2016, 190, pp 1-9
Abstract

Identification of selection signatures is one of the current endeavors of evolutionary genetics. Admixed populations may be used to infer post-admixture selection. We calculated local ancestry for Swiss Fleckvieh, a composite of Simmental (SI) and Red Holstein Friesian (RHF), to infer such signals. ...

Author(s)
Khayatzadeh, N.; Mészáros, G.; Utsunomiya, Y. T.; Garcia, J. F.; Schnyder, U.; Gredler, B.; Curik, I.; Sölkner, J.
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
Citation
Animal Genetics, 2016, 47, 6, pp 637-646
Abstract

The Brangus breed was developed to combine the superior characteristics of both of its founder breeds, Angus and Brahman. It combines the high adaptability to tropical and subtropical environments, disease resistance, and overall hardiness of Zebu cattle with the reproductive potential and carcass...

Author(s)
Goszczynski, D. E.; Corbi-Botto, C. M.; Durand, H. M.; Rogberg-Muñoz, A.; Munilla, S.; Peral-Garcia, P.; Cantet, R. J. C.; Giovambattista, G.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK
Citation
Animal, 2018, 12, 2, pp 215-223
Abstract

Background: With the availability of massive SNP data for several economically important cattle breeds, haplotype tests have been performed to identify unknown recessive disorders. A number of so-called lethal haplotypes, have been uncovered in Holstein Friesian cattle and, for at least seven of...

Author(s)
Schütz, E.; Wehrhahn, C.; Wanjek, M.; Bortfeld, R.; Wemheuer, W. E.; Beck, J.; Brenig, B.
Publisher
Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA
Citation
PLoS ONE, 2016, 11, 4, pp e0154602
Abstract

Background: Cattle include a large number of breeds that are characterized by marked phenotypic differences and thus constitute a valuable model to study genome evolution in response to processes such as selection and domestication. Detection of "signatures of selection" is a useful approach to...

Author(s)
Sorbolini, S.; Gaspa, G.; Steri, R.; Dimauro, C.; Cellesi, M.; Stella, A.; Marras, G.; Marsan, P. A.; Valentini, A.; Macciotta, N. P. P.
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
Genetics, Selection, Evolution, 2016, 48, 58, pp (12 August 2016)
Abstract

Background: Haplotypes with reduced or missing homozygosity may harbor deleterious alleles that compromise juvenile survival. A scan for homozygous haplotype deficiency revealed a short segment on bovine chromosome 19 (Braunvieh haplotype 2, BH2) that was associated with high juvenile mortality in...

Author(s)
Schwarzenbacher, H.; Burgstaller, J.; Seefried, F. R.; Wurmser, C.; Hilbe, M.; Jung, S.; Fuerst, C.; Dinhopl, N.; Weissenböck, H.; Fuerst-Waltl, B.; Dolezal, M.; Winkler, R.; Grueter, O.; Bleul, U.; Wittek, T.; Fries, R.; Pausch, H.
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
BMC Genomics, 2016, 17, 400, pp (25 May 2016)
Abstract

Cholesterol deficiency, a new autosomal recessive inherited genetic defect in Holstein cattle, has been recently reported to have an influence on the rearing success of calves. The affected animals show unresponsive diarrhea accompanied by hypocholesterolemia and usually die within the first weeks...

Author(s)
Menzi, F.; Besuchet-Schmutz, N.; Fragnière, M.; Hofstetter, S.; Jagannathan, V.; Mock, T.; Raemy, A.; Studer, E.; Mehinagic, K.; Regenscheit, N.; Meylan, M.; Schmitz-Hsu, F.; Drögemüller, C.
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
Citation
Animal Genetics, 2016, 47, 2, pp 253-257
Abstract

The growth endocrine axis influences reproduction. The objectives of this study were to evaluate population genetic characteristics of SNP genotypes within genes of the GH-IGF axis in straightbred and crossbred Angus, Brahman, and Romosinuano heifers (n=650) and to test the association of these...

Author(s)
Luna-Nevarez, P.; Rincon, G.; Medrano, J. F.; Riley, D. G.; Chase, C. C., Jr.; Coleman, S. W.; Leeuwen, D. M. van; Atley, K. L. de; Islas-Trejo, A.; Silver, G. A.; Thomas, M. G.
Publisher
American Society of Animal Science, Savoy, USA
Citation
Journal of Animal Science, 2011, 89, 4, pp 926-934
AbstractFull Text

Nucleotide and amino acid sequences of cattle amelogenin, the major protein of forming enamel, were analysed by screening 1547 samples collected from cattle of various breeds. Sequenced was the part of cattle exon six of the AMEL gene (codons from 107 to 186) encompassing so-called hot spot of...

Author(s)
Prusak, B.; Grzybowski, G.
Publisher
Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Genetics and Animal Breeding, Jastrzebiec, Poland
Citation
Animal Science Papers and Reports, 2010, 28, 4, pp 347-354
Abstract

The Uruguayan Creole cattle has been traced to the breeds introduced in the American continent around the 16th century. The cytogenetic characterization has shown the following: (a) absence of Y acrocentric chromosome of Afro-Asiatic origin, thus no introgression of zebu breeds; and (b)...

Author(s)
Postiglioni, A.; Rincón, G.; Llambí, S.; Armstrong, E.; Arruga, M. V.
Publisher
Sociedad de Medicina Veterinaria del Uruguay, Montevideo, Uruguay
Citation
Veterinaria (Montevideo), 2004, 39, 155/156, pp 17-20

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