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Abstract

Emergence and intercontinental spread of highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5Nx) virus clade 2.3.4.4 is unprecedented. H5N8 and H5N2 viruses have caused major economic losses in the poultry industry in Europe and North America, and lethal human infections with H5N6 virus have occurred in Asia....

Author(s)
Guo HongBo; Vries, E. de; McBride, R.; Dekkers, J.; Peng Wenjie; Bouwman, K. M.; Nycholat, C.; Verheije, M. H.; Paulson, J. C.; Kuppeveld, F. J. M. van; Haan, C. A. M. de
Publisher
National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, USA
Citation
Emerging Infectious Diseases, 2017, 23, 2, pp 220-231
Abstract

Significant economic losses in the poultry industries have resulted from H9N2 low pathogenic avian influenza virus infections across North Africa, the Middle East and Asia. The present study investigated the evolutionary dynamics of H9N2 viruses circulating in Korea from 1996 to 2012. Our analysis...

Author(s)
Lee DongHun; Fusaro, A.; Song ChangSeon; Suarez, D. L.; Swayne, D. E.
Publisher
Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Virology, 2016, 488, pp 225-231
Abstract

Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) is a multihost pathogen with lineages that pose health risks for domestic birds, wild birds, and humans. One mechanism of intercontinental HPAIV spread is through wild bird reservoirs, and wild birds were the likely sources of a Eurasian (EA) lineage...

Author(s)
Grear, D. A.; Hall, J. S.; Dusek, R. J.; Ip, H. S.
Publisher
Wiley, Oxford, UK
Citation
Evolutionary Applications, 2018, 11, 4, pp 547-557
Abstract

Zoonotic highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (HPAIV) have raised serious public health concerns of a novel pandemic. These strains emerge from low-pathogenic precursors by the acquisition of a polybasic hemagglutinin (HA) cleavage site, the prime virulence determinant. However, required...

Author(s)
Wessels, U.; Abdelwhab, E. M.; Veits, J.; Hoffmann, D.; Mamerow, S.; Stech, O.; Hellert, J.; Beer, M.; Mettenleiter, T. C.; Stech, J.
Publisher
American Society for Microbiology (ASM), Washington, D.C., USA
Citation
Journal of Virology, 2018, 92, 17, pp e00778-18
Abstract

Wild ducks and gulls are the major reservoirs for avian influenza A viruses (AIVs). The mechanisms that drive AIV evolution are complex at sites where various duck and gull species from multiple flyways breed, winter, or stage. The Republic of Georgia is located at the intersection of three...

Author(s)
Venkatesh, D.; Poen, M. J.; Bestebroer, T. M.; Scheuer, R. D.; Oanh Vuong; Chkhaidze, M.; Machablishvili, A.; Mamuchadze, J.; Ninua, L.; Fedorova, N. B.; Halpin, R. A.; Lin XuDong; Ransier, A.; Stockwell, T. B.; Wentworth, D. E.; Kriti, D.; Dutta, J.; Bakel, H. van; Puranik, A.; Slomka, M. J.; Essen, S.; Brown, I. H.; Fouchier, R. A. M.; Lewis, N. S.
Publisher
American Society for Microbiology (ASM), Washington, D.C., USA
Citation
Journal of Virology, 2018, 92, 15, pp e00433-18
Abstract

Avian-origin H3N2 canine influenza virus (CIV) transferred to dogs in Asia around 2005, becoming enzootic throughout China and South Korea before reaching the United States in early 2015. To understand the posttransfer evolution and epidemiology of this virus, particularly the cause of recent and...

Author(s)
Voorhees, I. E. H.; Dalziel, B. D.; Glaser, A.; Dubovi, E. J.; Murcia, P. R.; Newbury, S.; Toohey-Kurth, K.; Su Shuo; Divya Kriti; Bakel, H. van; Goodman, L. B.; Leutenegger, C.; Holmes, E. C.; Parrish, C. R.
Publisher
American Society for Microbiology (ASM), Washington, D.C., USA
Citation
Journal of Virology, 2018, 92, 16, pp e00323-18
Abstract

In 2014, novel highly pathogenic avian influenza A H5N2, H5N5, H5N6, and H5N8 viruses caused outbreaks in Asia, Europe, and North America. The H5 genes of these viruses form a monophyletic group that evolved from a clade 2.3.4 H5N1 variant. This rapid emergence of new H5Nx combinations is...

Author(s)
Vries, E. de; Guo HongBo; Dai MeiLing; Rottier, P. J. M.; Kuppeveld, F. J. M. van; Haan, C. A. M. de
Publisher
National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, USA
Citation
Emerging Infectious Diseases, 2015, 21, 5, pp 842-846
Abstract

H5N6 avian influenza virus (AIV) has posed a potential threat to public health since its emergence in China in 2013. To understand the evolution and emergence of H5N6 AIV in the avian population, we performed molecular surveillance of live poultry markets (LPMs) in Wugang Prefecture, Hunan...

Author(s)
Du YingYing; Chen MingYue; Yang JiaYun; Jia YaNe; Han ShuFang; Holmes, E. C.; Cui Jie
Publisher
American Society for Microbiology (ASM), Washington, USA
Citation
Journal of Virology, 2017, 91, 12, pp e00143-17
AbstractFull Text

Novel subtypes of Asian-origin (Goose/Guangdong lineage) H5 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses belonging to clade 2.3.4, such as H5N2, H5N5, H5N6, and H5N8, have been identified in China since 2008 and have since evolved into four genetically distinct clade 2.3.4.4 groups (A-D). Since ...

Author(s)
Lee DongHun; Bertran, K.; Kwon JungHoon; Swayne, D. E.
Publisher
Korean Society of Veterinary Science, Seoul, Korea Republic
Citation
Journal of Veterinary Science, 2017, 18, S1, pp 269-280
Abstract

A new mathematical descriptor was proposed based on 3D graphical representation. Using the method, we construct the phylogenetic trees of nine proteins of H7N9 influenza virus to analyze the originated source of H7N9. The results show that the evolution route of H7N9 avian influenza is from America ...

Author(s)
Bai YusHeng; Ma TingTing; Yao YuHua; Dai Qi; He PingAn
Publisher
Hindawi Publishing Corporation, Sylvania, USA
Citation
BioMed Research International, 2014, 2014, pp Article ID 519787

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