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Abstract

Equine influenza virus (EIV) causes severe acute respiratory disease in horses. Currently, the strains belonging to the H3N8 subtype are divided into two clades, Florida clade 1 (FC1) and Florida clade 2 (FC2), which emerged in 2002. Both FC1 and FC2 clades were reported in Asian and Middle East...

Author(s)
Miño, S.; Mojsiejczuk, L.; Guo Wei; Zhang HaiLi; Qi Ting; Du Cheng; Zhang Xiang; Wang JingFei; Campos, R.; Wang XiaoJun
Publisher
American Society for Microbiology (ASM), Washington, D.C., USA
Citation
Journal of Virology, 2019, 93, 13, pp e00116-19
Abstract

Introduction: Traditionally, evolutionary analysis of equine influenza virus (EIV) is based on the HA gene. However, the specificity of the influenza virus enables the classification of viral strains into different phylogenetic groups, depending on the gene being analysed. The aim of the study was...

Author(s)
Kwaśnik, M.; Góra, I. M.; Żmudziński, J. F.; Rola, J.; Polak, M. P.; Rożek, W.
Publisher
Sciendo, Warsaw, Poland
Citation
Journal of Veterinary Research, 2018, 62, 4, pp 405-412
Abstract

All extant equid species are grouped in a single genus - Equus. Among those, ass-like equids have remained particularly unstudied and their phylogenetic relations were poorly understood, most probably because they inhabit extreme environments in remote geographic areas. To gain further insights...

Author(s)
Rosenbom, S.; Costa, V.; Chen ShanYuan; Khalatbari, L.; Yusefi, G. H.; Abdukadir, A.; Yangzom, C.; Kebede, F.; Teclai, R.; Yohannes, H.; Hagos, F.; Moehlman, P. D.; Beja-Pereira, A.
Publisher
Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 2015, 85, pp 88-96
Abstract

Przewalski's horses (PHs, Equus ferus ssp. przewalskii) were discovered in the Asian steppes in the 1870s and represent the last remaining true wild horses. PHs became extinct in the wild in the 1960s but survived in captivity, thanks to major conservation efforts. The current population is still...

Author(s)
Sarkissian, C. D.; Ermini, L.; Schubert, M.; Yang, M. A.; Librado, P.; Fumagalli, M.; Jónsson, H.; Bar-Gal, G. K.; Albrechtsen, A.; Vieira, F. G.; Petersen, B.; Ginolhac, A.; Seguin-Orlando, A.; Magnussen, K.; Fages, A.; Gamba, C.; Lorente-Galdos, B.; Polani, S.; Steiner, C.; Neuditschko, M.; Vidhya Jagannathan; Feh, C.; Greenblatt, C. L.; Ludwig, A.; Abramson, N. I.; Zimmermann, W. (et al)
Publisher
Cell Press, Cambridge, USA
Citation
Current Biology, 2015, 25, 19, pp 2577-2583
Abstract

The neuraminidase (NA) gene sequences of four Indian equine influenza viruses (EIVs) isolated from epizootic in 2008 and 2009 were analyzed. The phylogenetic relationship and selection pressure of NA genes were established in comparison to other EIVs circulating worldwide along with the domains and ...

Author(s)
Bera, B. C.; Virmani, N.; Shanmugasundaram, K.; Vaid, R. K.; Singh, B. K.; Gulati, B. R.; Anand, T.; Barua, S.; Malik, P.; Singh, R. K.
Publisher
Springer, New Delhi, India
Citation
Indian Journal of Virology, 2013, 24, 2, pp 256-264
Abstract

To amplify the NS, NP, PB1, PB2 and PA internal genes of two equine H3N8 influenza A viruses isolated in Greece in 2003 and 2007 five primer pairs were designed. The derived sequences were analysed from a phylogenetic point of view and compared with the evolutionary patters of the HA and NA...

Author(s)
Bountouri, M.; Ntafis, V.; Fragkiadaki, E.; Kanellos, T.; Xylouri, E.
Publisher
Scientific Research Publishing, Irvine, USA
Citation
Natural Science, 2012, 4, 11, pp 839-847
Abstract

THE report is divided into 3 parts, dealing respectively, with animal breeding, plant breeding, and pure genetics. The first two sections of the first part review the results of the expeditions organized by the Academy of Sciences, mainly to Soviet Central Asia, and of the surveys on the origin,...

Author(s)
LUS, JA. JA.; LEPIN, T. K.; SAPEGIN, A. A.; ROSTOV, D.; MULLER, H. J.
Citation
Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR. Otd. mat. est., Ser. biol., 1937, pp 1469-1492
Abstract

THE author criticises the widespread view, first expressed by Frank, that our modern horses originated from two ancestral types, one Eastern, the other Western. From his investigations in Central Asia and Mongolia he is inclined to trace the origin of the domestic horse to other two wild ancestors. ...

Author(s)
RUMJANCEV, B. F.
Citation
Izv. Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R., Otd. Mat. Est., 1936, 2/3, pp 415-448

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