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Abstract

To better understand the evolution of hepadnaviruses, we sampled bats from Guizhou, Henan and Zhejiang provinces, China, and rodents from Zhejiang province. Genetically diverse hepadnaviruses were identified in a broad range of bat species, with an overall prevalence of 13.3%. In contrast, no...

Author(s)
Nie FangYuan; Lin XianDan; Hao ZongYu; Chen XiaoNan; Wang ZhaoXiao; Wang MiaoRuo; Wu Jun; Wang HongWei; Zhao GuoQiang; Ma, R. Z.; Holmes, E. C.; Zhang YongZhen
Publisher
Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Virology, 2018, 514, pp 88-97
Abstract

HIV-1 arose as the result of spillover of simian immunodeficiency viruses (SIVs) from great apes in Africa, namely from chimpanzees and gorillas. Chimpanzees and gorillas were, themselves, infected with SIV after virus spillover from African monkeys. During spillover events, SIV is thought to...

Author(s)
Meyerson, N. R.; Warren, C. J.; Vieira, D. A. S. A.; Diaz-Griferro, F.; Sawyer, S. L.
Publisher
Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA
Citation
PLoS Pathogens, 2018, 14, 3, pp e1006906
Abstract

One portion of the family Paramyxoviridae is a group of Unclassified Morbilli-Related Viruses (UMRV) recently recognized in wild small mammals. At a global level, the evolutionary history of these viruses is not properly understood and the relationships between UMRV and their hosts still remain...

Author(s)
Ghawar, W.; Pascalis, H.; Bettaieb, J.; Mélade, J.; Gharbi, A.; Snoussi, M. A.; Laouini, D.; Goodman, S. M.; Ben Salah, A.; Dellagi, K.
Publisher
Nature Publishing Group, London, UK
Citation
Scientific Reports, 2017, 7, 5, pp 1974
Abstract

Background: Avian avulavirus (commonly known as avian paramyxovirus-1 or APMV-1) can cause disease of varying severity in both domestic and wild birds. Understanding how viruses move among hosts and geography would be useful for informing prevention and control efforts. A Bayesian statistical...

Author(s)
Hicks, J. T.; Dimitrov, K. M.; Afonso, C. L.; Ramey, A. M.; Bahl, J.
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
BMC Evolutionary Biology, 2019, 19, 108, pp (24 May 2019)
Abstract

The evolutionary dynamics of chicken-origin H6N2 viruses isolated in South Africa between 2002 and 2013 were investigated. Sub-lineages I and II continued to co-circulate under vaccination pressure, but sub-lineage I, from which the inactivated vaccine was derived, displayed a markedly higher...

Author(s)
Rauff, D.; Strydom, C.; Abolnik, C.
Publisher
Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Virology, 2016, 498, pp 226-239
Abstract

H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) was first observed in Nigeria in early 2006 and has now spread to more than 17 African countries having severe economic and public health implications. Here, we explore the spatiotemporal patterns of viral dispersal both among West African...

Author(s)
Ekong, P. S.; Fountain-Jones, N. M.; Alkhamis, M. A.
Publisher
Wiley, Berlin, Germany
Citation
Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 2018, 65, 1, pp e70-e82
Abstract

Background: The infection in dogs due to canine parvovirus (CPV), is a highly contagious one with high mortality rate. The present study was undertaken for a detailed genetic analysis of partial VP2 gene i.e., 630 bp isolated from rectal swab samples of infected domestic and stray dogs from all...

Author(s)
Nisar Ahmed; Adeel Riaz; Zahra Zubair; Muhammad Saqib; Sehrish Ijaz; Muhammad Shah Nawaz-ul-Rehman; Ahmed Al-Qahtani; Muhammad Mubin
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
Virology Journal, 2018, 15, 45, pp (15 March 2018)
Abstract

In May 2016, highly pathogenic avian influenza virus of the subtype A/H5N1 was detected in Cameroon in an industrial poultry farm at Mvog-Betsi, Yaoundé (Centre region), with a recorded sudden increase of deaths among chickens, and an overall mortality rate of 75%. The virus spread further and...

Author(s)
Wade, A.; Taïga, T.; Fouda, M. A.; MaiMoussa, A.; Marc, F. K. J.; Njouom, R.; Vernet, M. A.; Djonwe, G.; Mballa, E.; Kazi, J. P.; Salla, A.; Nenkam, R.; Namegni, R. P.; Bamanga, H.; Casimir, N. K. M.; Lebreton, M.; Nwobegahay, J. M.; Fusaro, A.; Zecchin, B.; Milani, A.; Gaston, M.; Chepnda, V. R.; Jumbo, S. D.; Souley, A.; Aboubakar, Y.; Kamnga, Z. F. (et al)
Publisher
Taylor & Francis, Abingdon, UK
Citation
Avian Pathology, 2018, 47, 6, pp 559-575
Abstract

Between 16 November 2017 and 15 February 2018, one highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) A(H5N6) and five HPAI A(H5N8) outbreaks in poultry holdings, two HPAI A(H5N6) outbreaks in captive birds and 22 HPAI A(H5N6) wild bird events were reported within Europe. There is a lower incursion of HPAI...

Author(s)
Adlhoch, C.; Brouwer, A.; Kuiken, T.; Mulatti, P.; Smietanka, K.; Staubach, C.; Willeberg, P.; Barrucci, F.; Verdonck, F.; Amato, L.; Baldinelli, F.
Publisher
Wiley, Oxford, UK
Citation
EFSA Journal, 2018, 16, 3, pp e05240
Abstract

African swine fever (ASF) is a complex infectious disease of swine that constitutes devastating impacts on animal health and the world economy. Here, we investigated the evolutionary epidemiology of ASF virus (ASFV) in Eurasia and Africa using the concatenated gene sequences of the viral protein 72 ...

Author(s)
Alkhamis, M. A.; Gallardo, C.; Jurado, C.; Soler, A.; Arias, M.; Sánchez-Vizcaíno, J. M.
Publisher
Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA
Citation
PLoS ONE, 2018, 13, 2, pp e0192565

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