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Abstract

Background: Innate immunity provides the core recognition system in animals for preventing infection, but also plays an important role in managing the relationship between an animal host and its symbiont. Most of our knowledge about innate immunity stems from a few animal model systems, but...

Author(s)
Kamm, K.; Schierwater, B.; DeSalle, R.
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
BMC Genomics, 2019, 20, 5, pp (5 January 2019)
Abstract

Background: Pasteurella multocida (P. multocida) is a widespread opportunistic pathogen that infects human and various animals. Genomic Islands (GIs) are one of the most important mobile components that quickly help bacteria acquire large fragments of foreign genes. However, the effects of GIs on ...

Author(s)
Zhu DeKang; He Jiao; Yang ZhiShuang; Wang MingShu; Jia RenYong; Chen Shun; Liu MaFeng; Zhao XinXin; Yang Qiao; Wu Ying; Zhang ShaQiu; Liu YunYa; Zhang Ling; Yu YanLing; You Yu; Chen XiaoYue; Cheng AnChun
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
BMC Genomics, 2019, 20, 63, pp (18 January 2019)
Abstract

Prions in eukaryotes have been linked to diseases, evolutionary capacitance, large-scale genetic control and long-term memory formation. In bacteria, constructed prion-forming proteins have been described, such as the prion-forming protein recently described for Clostridium botulinum transcription...

Author(s)
Harrison, P. M.
Publisher
Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA
Citation
PLoS ONE, 2019, 14, 3, pp e0213030
Abstract

The evolutionary divergence of the immune defense functions in bighead carp (A. nobilis) and silver carp (H. molitrix) is still not understood at the molecular level. Here, we obtained 48,821,754 and 55,054,480 clean reads from spleen tissue libraries prepared for bighead carp and silver carp using ...

Author(s)
Li GuoXi; Zhao YinLi; Guo Shuang; Liu BianZhi; Chen Yi; Sun XiangLi; Feng JianXin
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 2019, 84, pp 148-157
Abstract

Cytotoxic morula cells (MCs) and phagocytes are the circulating immunocytes of the colonial ascidian Botryllus schlosseri: Both these cells can synthesise amyloid fibrils, supporting the idea that physiological amyloidogenesis is involved in inflammation and modulation of immune responses....

Author(s)
Franchi, N.; Ballarin, L.; Peronato, A.; Cima, F.; Grimaldi, A.; Girardello, R.; Eguileor, M. de
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 2019, 90, pp 108-120
Abstract

Background: Many bacteria and certain eukaryotes utilize multi-step His-to-Asp phosphorelays for adaptive responses to their extracellular environments. Histidine phosphotransfer (HPt) proteins function as key components of these pathways. HPt proteins are genetically diverse, but share a common...

Author(s)
Kennedy, E. N.; Hebdon, S. D.; Menon, S. K.; Foster, C. A.; Copeland, D. M.; Xu QingPing; Janiak-Spens, F.; West, A. H.
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
Genetics, Selection, Evolution, 2019, 51, 6, pp (21 January 2019)
Abstract

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) recognizing specific pathogen-associated molecular patterns play crucial roles in immune defence against pathogen invasion. Although recent advances in many species have reported the characterization and functional roles of TLRs in innate immunity, systematic knowledge of ...

Author(s)
Liu TengFei; Han YaWen; Chen ShuLin; Zhao HuiYing
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 2019, 87, pp 478-489
Abstract

Our previous studies demonstrated that molecular breeding via DNA shuffling directs the evolution of polyvalent vaccines with desired traits, which leads to generation of polyvalent ompA vaccines using Vibrio alginolyticus VA0764 primers. Here, we replaced VA0764 primers with Edwardsiella tarda...

Author(s)
Wang ShengNan; Cheng ZhiXue; Ling XiaoPeng; Chu Xiao; Peng XuanXian; Li Hui
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 2018, 74, pp 325-331
AbstractFull Text

Dispersed repetitive DNA sequences have been described recently in eubacteria. To assess the distribution and evolutionary conservation of two distinct prokaryotic repetitive elements, consensus oligonucleotides were used in polymerase chain reaction [PCR] amplification and slot blot hybridization...

Author(s)
Tudor, B. A. M.; Gaman, I. V.; Tulcan, C.; Boldura, O. M.
Publisher
Facultatea de Medicină Veterinară, Timișoara, Romania
Citation
Lucrari Stiintifice - Universitatea de Stiinte Agricole a Banatului Timisoara, Medicina Veterinara, 2018, 51, 4, pp 91-98
Abstract

Immune memory evolved to protect hosts from reinfection, but incomplete responses that allow future reinfection may inadvertently select for more-harmful pathogens. We present empirical and modeling evidence that incomplete immunity promotes the evolution of higher virulence in a natural...

Author(s)
Fleming-Davies, A. E.; Williams, P. D.; Dhondt, A. A.; Dobson, A. P.; Hochachka, W. M.; Leon, A. E.; Ley, D. H.; Osnas, E. E.; Hawley, D. M.
Publisher
American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, USA
Citation
Science (Washington), 2018, 359, 6379, pp 1030-1033

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