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Abstract

Central administration of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), a 41-amino acid peptide, is associated with anorexigenic effects across various species, with particularly potent reductions in food intake in rodents and chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus), a species for which the most is known. The...

Author(s)
Wang JinXin; DePena, M.; Taylor, G.; Gilbert, E. R.; Cline, M. A.
Publisher
Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
General and Comparative Endocrinology, 2019, 276, pp 22-29
Abstract

Human hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a global health problem, affecting more than 250 million people worldwide. HBV-like viruses, named orthohepadnaviruses, also naturally infect nonhuman primates, rodents, and bats, but their pathogenicity and evolutionary history are unclear. Here, we determined the...

Author(s)
Lv, X.; Li, Z.; Guan, J.; Hu, S.; Zhang, J.; Lan, Y.; Zhao, K.; Lu, H.; Song, D.; He, H.; Gao, F.; He, W.
Publisher
American Society for Microbiology (ASM), Washington, D.C., USA
Citation
Journal of Virology, 2019, 93, 5, pp e01738-18
Abstract

During evolution, animals optimize their reproductive strategies to increase offspring survival. Seasonal breeders reproduce only during certain times of the year. In mammals, reproduction is tightly controlled by hypothalamus-pituitary-gonad axis. Although pathways regulating gametogenesis in...

Author(s)
Wang YuJun; Jia GongXue; Yan RongGe; Guo SongChang; Tian Fei; Ma JianBin; Zhang RuiNa; Li Cen; Zhang LiangZhi; Du YuRong; Yang QiEn
Publisher
Elsevier, New York, USA
Citation
Theriogenology, 2019, 123, pp 74-82
Abstract

Variation in immune defense influences infectious disease dynamics within and among species. Understanding how variation in immunity drives pathogen transmission among species is especially important for animals that are reservoir hosts for zoonotic pathogens. Bats, in particular, have a propensity ...

Author(s)
Becker, D. J.; Czirják, G. Á.; Rynda-Apple, A.; Plowright, R. K.
Publisher
University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA
Citation
Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 2019, 92, 1, pp 37-48
Abstract

Amdoparvoviruses (family Parvoviridae: genus Amdoparvovirus) infect carnivores, and are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in farmed animals. In this study, we systematically screened animal genomes to identify endogenous parvoviral elements (EPVs) disclosing a high degree of similarity to...

Author(s)
Pénzes, J. J.; Marsile-Medun, S.; Agbandje-McKenna, M.; Gifford, R. J.
Publisher
Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK
Citation
Virus Evolution, 2018, 4, 2, pp vey026
Abstract

To better understand the evolution of hepadnaviruses, we sampled bats from Guizhou, Henan and Zhejiang provinces, China, and rodents from Zhejiang province. Genetically diverse hepadnaviruses were identified in a broad range of bat species, with an overall prevalence of 13.3%. In contrast, no...

Author(s)
Nie FangYuan; Lin XianDan; Hao ZongYu; Chen XiaoNan; Wang ZhaoXiao; Wang MiaoRuo; Wu Jun; Wang HongWei; Zhao GuoQiang; Ma, R. Z.; Holmes, E. C.; Zhang YongZhen
Publisher
Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Virology, 2018, 514, pp 88-97
Abstract

The inflammasome serves as a mechanism by which the body senses damage or danger. These multiprotein complexes form in the cytosol of myeloid, epithelial and potentially other cell types to drive caspase-1 cleavage and the secretion of the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β and IL-18. Different types ...

Author(s)
Vrentas, C. E.; Schaut, R. G.; Boggiatto, P. M.; Olsen, S. C.; Sutterwala, F. S.; Moayeri, M.
Publisher
Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 2018, 201, pp 49-56
Abstract

Spatial variation in pathogen-mediated selection is predicted to influence the evolutionary trajectory of host populations and lead to spatial variation in their immunogenetic composition. However, to date few studies have been able to directly link small-scale spatial variation in infection risk...

Author(s)
Cornetti, L.; Hilfiker, D.; Lemoine, M.; Tschirren, B.
Publisher
Wiley, Oxford, UK
Citation
Molecular Ecology, 2018, 27, 17, pp 3515-3524
Abstract

Previous research shows little haplotype diversity in small geographic areas, such as islands and areas where physical barriers interrupt gene flow. The general pattern is the presence of a small number of haplotypes spread across sampling sites. Instead, this paper reports the presence of a large...

Author(s)
Aguilera-Miller, E. F.; Álvarez-Castañeda, S. T.; Murphy, R. W.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Journal of Arid Environments, 2018, 152, pp 28-36
Abstract

The complex multi-host disease dynamics of schistosomiasis and Schistosoma spp., including the emergence of zoonotic parasite hybrids, remain largely unexplored in West Africa. We elucidated the role of wild small mammals as reservoir for zoonotic Schistosoma species and hybrids in endemic areas of ...

Author(s)
Catalano, S.; Sène, M.; Diouf, N. D.; Fall, C. B.; Borlase, A.; Léger, E.; Bâ, K.; Webster, J. P.
Publisher
Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK
Citation
Journal of Infectious Diseases, 2018, 218, 3, pp 429-433

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