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Abstract

Background: Insights into the genetic capacities of species to adapt to future climate change can be gained by using comparative genomic and transcriptomic data to reconstruct the genetic changes associated with such adaptations in the past. Here we investigate the genetic changes associated with...

Author(s)
Rane, R. V.; Pearce, S. L.; Li Fang; Coppin, C.; Schiffer, M.; Shirriffs, J.; Sgrò, C. M.; Griffin, P. C.; Zhang GouJie; Lee, S. F.; Hoffmann, A. A.; Oakeshott, J. G.
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
BMC Genomics, 2019, 20, 52, pp (16 January 2019)
Abstract

Background: One of the best studied developmental processes is the Drosophila segmentation cascade. However, this cascade is generally considered to be highly derived and unusual, with segments being patterned simultaneously, rather than the ancestral sequential segmentation mode. We present a...

Author(s)
Auman, T.; Chipman, A. D.
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
BMC Evolutionary Biology, 2018, 18, 178, pp (28 November 2018)
Abstract

Mothers provide their offspring with symbionts. Maternally transmitted, intracellular symbionts must disperse from mother to offspring with other cytoplasmic elements, like mitochondria. Here, we investigated how the intracellular symbiont Wolbachia interacts with mitochondria during maternal...

Author(s)
Henry, L. P.; Newton, I. L. G.
Publisher
Wiley, Oxford, UK
Citation
Molecular Ecology, 2018, 27, 11, pp 2634-2646
Abstract

Chemicals released into the environment by food, predators and conspecifics play critical roles in Drosophila reproduction. Females and males live in an environment full of smells, whose molecules communicate to them the availability of food, potential mates, competitors or predators. Volatile...

Author(s)
Billeter, J. C.; Wolfner, M. F.
Publisher
Springer, New York, USA
Citation
Journal of Chemical Ecology, 2018, 44, 9, pp 750-769
Abstract

Background: Adaptation to new hosts in phytophagous insects often involves mechanisms of host recognition by genes of sensory pathways. Most often the molecular evolution of sensory genes has been explained in the context of the birth-and-death model. The role of positive selection is less...

Author(s)
Diaz, F.; Allan, C. W.; Matzkin, L. M.
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
BMC Evolutionary Biology, 2018, 18, 144, pp (20 September 2018)
Abstract

Midkine (MK) and pleiotrophin (PTN) are the only two members of heparin-binding growth factor family. MK/PTN homologues found from Drosophila to humans are shown to have antibacterial activities and their antibacterial domains are conserved during evolution. However, little is known about MK/PTN...

Author(s)
Gao Zhan; Qu BaoZhen; Yao Lan; Ma ZengYu; Cui PengFei; Zhang ShiCui
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 2018, 89, pp 31-43
Abstract

Background: While the concept of the fitness landscape is central to evolutionary theory, empirical characterizations of fitness landscapes have remained difficult. Recently, a number of laboratory experiments using microbes have suggested that fitness landscapes are often rugged, though there is...

Author(s)
Arbuthnott, D.; Mautz, B. S.; Rundle, H. D.
Publisher
Evolutionary Ecology Ltd, Tucson, USA
Citation
Evolutionary Ecology Research, 2018, 19, 1, pp 15-28
Abstract

A primitive adaptive immune system has recently been suggested to be present in a basal chordate amphioxus (Branchiostoma belcheri, Bb), making it an ideal model for studying the origin of adaptive immune. The novel protein kinase C isoform PKC-θ, but not its closest isoform PKC-δ, plays a critical ...

Author(s)
Chen ZhiLong; Gong BeiNi; Wang QiLong; Xiao ZhiHui; Deng Chong; Wang WenQian; Li YingQiu
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 2019, 84, pp 1100-1107
Abstract

Insulin Related Peptides (IRPs) belong to the insulin superfamily and possess a typical structure with two chains, B and A, linked by disulphide bonds. As the sequence conservation is usually low between members, IRPs are classified according to the number and position of their disulphide bonds. In ...

Author(s)
Cherif-Feildel, M.; Berthelin, C. H.; Adeline, B.; Rivière, G.; Favrel, P.; Kellner, K.
Publisher
Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
General and Comparative Endocrinology, 2019, 271, pp 15-29
Abstract

Stabilizing selection is important in evolutionary theories of the maintenance of genetic variance and has been invoked as the key process determining macroevolutionary patterns of trait evolution. However, manipulative evidence for the extent of stabilizing selection, particularly on multivariate...

Author(s)
Sztepanacz, J. L.; Blows, M. W.
Publisher
University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA
Citation
American Naturalist, 2017, 190, 5, pp 707-723

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