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Abstract

Inbreeding depression is widely regarded as a driving force in the evolution of dispersal, mate choice and sperm selection. However, due to likely costs of inbreeding avoidance, which are poorly understood, it is unclear to what extent selection to avoid inbreeding is expected in nature. Moreover,...

Author(s)
Troianou, E.; Huisman, J.; Pemberton, J. M.; Walling, C. A.
Publisher
Wiley, Oxford, UK
Citation
Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 2018, 31, 12, pp 1815-1827
Abstract

Increasing levels of antimicrobial resistance in human and veterinary medicine have raised concerns around the issue of overprescribing and the indiscriminate use of antimicrobials. Their use in food producing animals is under scrutiny due to the perceived risk from the zoonotic transfer of...

Author(s)
Coyne, L. A.; Latham, S. M.; Dawson, S.; Donald, I. J.; Pearson, R. B.; Smith, R. F.; Williams, N. J.; Pinchbeck, G. L.
Publisher
Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 2018, 161, pp 115-126
Abstract

In order to obtain an insight into genomic changes and associated evolution and adaptation of Infectious Pancreatic Necrosis Virus (IPNV), the complete coding genomes of 57 IPNV isolates collected from Scottish aquafarms from 1982 to 2014 were sequenced and analysed. Phylogenetic analysis of the...

Author(s)
Ulrich, K.; Wehner, S.; Bekaert, M.; Paola, N. di; Dilcher, M.; Muir, K. F.; Taggart, J. B.; Matejusova, I.; Weidmann, M.
Publisher
Microbiology Society, London, UK
Citation
Journal of General Virology, 2018, 99, 12, pp 1567-1581
Abstract

Background: Changes in the mean and variance of traits in a host population modify selection pressures on pathogen virulence; increasing heterogeneity (variance) leads to the over- or under-exploitation of a subset of hosts and thus decreases the pathogen's ability to spread in the population....

Author(s)
Kain, M. P.; Cattadori, I. M.; Bolker, B. M.
Publisher
Evolutionary Ecology Ltd, Tucson, USA
Citation
Evolutionary Ecology Research, 2018, 19, 3, pp 257-278
Abstract

The role of habitat use in generating individual variation in fitness has rarely been examined empirically in natural populations of long-lived mammals, particularly for both sexes simultaneously. This is the case despite the increase in studies attempting to understand evolutionary change in such...

Author(s)
Regan, C. E.; Pilkington, J. G.; Pemberton, J. M.; Crawley, M. J.
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
Citation
Ecology Letters, 2016, 19, 2, pp 171-179
Abstract

Three genetically discrete morphs of Arctic charr in Loch Rannoch, Scotland originated from a recent divergence within the lake (in situ) (piscivore and benthivore morphs) and from secondary contact of two older lineages (ex situ; a planktivore-piscivore/benthivore divergence). To test if the...

Author(s)
Bryce, C.; Fraser, A.; Knudsen, R.; Greer, R.; Adams, C.
Publisher
Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands
Citation
Hydrobiologia, 2016, 783, pp 177-189
Abstract

Phenotypic variation in populations of fishes that inhabit postglacial lakes is often associated with trophic specialisations. A common sympatric foraging divergence seen in Arctic charr is into either plankton or littoral-zoobenthos feeding specialisms. In this study, we report a sympatric...

Author(s)
Hooker, O. E.; Barry, J.; Leeuwen, T. E. van; Lyle, A.; Newton, J.; Cunningham, P.; Adams, C. E.
Publisher
Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands
Citation
Hydrobiologia, 2016, 783, pp 209-221
Abstract

Teeth in Cervidae are permanent structures that are not replaceable or repairable; consequently their rate of wear, due to the grinding effect of food and dental attrition, affects their duration and can determine an animal's lifespan. Tooth wear is also a useful indicator of accumulative life...

Author(s)
Pérez-Barbería, F. J.; Carranza, J.; Sánchez-Prieto, C.
Publisher
Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA
Citation
PLoS ONE, 2015, 10, 8, pp e0134788
Abstract

Genetic variation in an infectious disease pathogen can be driven by ecological niche dissimilarities arising from different host species and different geographical locations. Whole genome sequencing was used to compare E. coli O157 isolates from host reservoirs (cattle and sheep) from Scotland and ...

Author(s)
Strachan, N. J. C.; Rotariu, O.; Lopes, B.; MacRae, M.; Fairley, S.; Laing, C.; Gannon, V.; Allison, L. J.; Hanson, M. F.; Dallman, T.; Ashton, P.; Franz, E.; Hoek, A. H. A. M. van; French, N. P.; George, T.; Biggs, P. J.; Forbes, K. J.
Publisher
Nature Publishing Group, London, UK
Citation
Scientific Reports, 2015, 5, 1, pp 14145
Abstract

Despite our rapidly advancing mechanistic understanding of vertebrate immunity under controlled laboratory conditions, the links between immunity, infection and fitness under natural conditions remain poorly understood. Antibodies are central to acquired immune responses, and antibody levels...

Author(s)
Nussey, D. H.; Watt, K. A.; Clark, A.; Pilkington, J. G.; Pemberton, J. M.; Graham, A. L.; McNeilly, T. N.
Publisher
Royal Society, London, UK
Citation
Proceedings of the Royal Society B. Biological Sciences, 2014, 281, 1779, pp 20132931

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