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Abstract

To better understand the evolution of hepadnaviruses, we sampled bats from Guizhou, Henan and Zhejiang provinces, China, and rodents from Zhejiang province. Genetically diverse hepadnaviruses were identified in a broad range of bat species, with an overall prevalence of 13.3%. In contrast, no...

Author(s)
Nie FangYuan; Lin XianDan; Hao ZongYu; Chen XiaoNan; Wang ZhaoXiao; Wang MiaoRuo; Wu Jun; Wang HongWei; Zhao GuoQiang; Ma, R. Z.; Holmes, E. C.; Zhang YongZhen
Publisher
Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Virology, 2018, 514, pp 88-97
Abstract

Bovine trypanotolerance is a heritable trait associated to the ability of the individuals to control parasitaemia and anaemia. The INHBA (BTA4) and TICAM1 (BTA7) genes are strong candidates for trypanotolerance-related traits. The coding sequence of both genes (3951 bp in total) were analysed in a...

Author(s)
Álvarez, I.; Pérez-Pardal, L.; Traoré, A.; Fernández, I.; Goyache, F.
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell, Berlin, Germany
Citation
Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, 2016, 133, 2, pp 105-114
Abstract

H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) was first observed in Nigeria in early 2006 and has now spread to more than 17 African countries having severe economic and public health implications. Here, we explore the spatiotemporal patterns of viral dispersal both among West African...

Author(s)
Ekong, P. S.; Fountain-Jones, N. M.; Alkhamis, M. A.
Publisher
Wiley, Berlin, Germany
Citation
Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 2018, 65, 1, pp e70-e82
Abstract

Background: Geological evolution of the African continent has been subject to complex processes including uplift, volcanism, desert formation and tectonic rifting. This complex geology has created substantial biogeographical barriers, and coupled with anthropogenic introductions of freshwater...

Author(s)
Basiita, R. K.; Zenger, K. R.; Mwanja, M. T.; Jerry, D. R.
Publisher
Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA
Citation
PLoS ONE, 2018, 13, 7, pp e0200001
Abstract

In May 2016, highly pathogenic avian influenza virus of the subtype A/H5N1 was detected in Cameroon in an industrial poultry farm at Mvog-Betsi, Yaoundé (Centre region), with a recorded sudden increase of deaths among chickens, and an overall mortality rate of 75%. The virus spread further and...

Author(s)
Wade, A.; Taïga, T.; Fouda, M. A.; MaiMoussa, A.; Marc, F. K. J.; Njouom, R.; Vernet, M. A.; Djonwe, G.; Mballa, E.; Kazi, J. P.; Salla, A.; Nenkam, R.; Namegni, R. P.; Bamanga, H.; Casimir, N. K. M.; Lebreton, M.; Nwobegahay, J. M.; Fusaro, A.; Zecchin, B.; Milani, A.; Gaston, M.; Chepnda, V. R.; Jumbo, S. D.; Souley, A.; Aboubakar, Y.; Kamnga, Z. F. (et al)
Publisher
Taylor & Francis, Abingdon, UK
Citation
Avian Pathology, 2018, 47, 6, pp 559-575
Abstract

Notable diversity observed within African ovine breeds makes them of great interests, but limited studies on genetic origins and domestications remain poorly understood. Here, we investigate the evolutionary status of West African native breeds, Djallonke and Sahelian sheep using mitogenome...

Author(s)
Brahi, O. H. D.; Xiang, H.; Chen, X.; Farougou, S.; Zhao, X.
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell, Berlin, Germany
Citation
Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, 2015, 132, 5, pp 399-405
Abstract

Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a contagious and often fatal disease affecting sheep and goats. Currently, it is endemic in Africa, the Middle and Near East, the Indian subcontinent and China. Understanding the molecular epidemiology and evolution of PPR virus (PPRV) can assist in the control...

Author(s)
Adombi, C. M.; Waqas, A.; Dundon, W. G.; Li, S.; Daojin, Y.; Kakpo, L.; Aplogan, G. L.; Diop, M.; Lo, M. M.; Silber, R.; Loitsch, A.; Diallo, A.
Publisher
Wiley, Berlin, Germany
Citation
Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 2017, 64, 4, pp 1037-1044
Abstract

Genetic analysis of the complete haemagglutinin (HA) gene of fourteen Nigerian avian influenza isolates showed multiple basic amino acids at the cleavage site (321PQRERRRKdelR*GLF333), characteristic of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI). Substitution of Gln to Lys at position 322...

Author(s)
Shittu, I.; Meseko, C. A.; Gado, D. A.; Olawuyi, A. K.; Chinyere, C. N.; Anefu, E.; Solomon, P.; Okewole, P. A.; Shamaki, D.; Joannis, T. M.
Publisher
Springer-Wien, Wien, Austria
Citation
Archives of Virology, 2017, 162, 3, pp 841-847
Abstract

Peste-des-petits ruminants (PPR) is one of the most important infectious diseases of domesticated small ruminants. From the initial identification in 1942 in West Africa, PPR virus (PPRV) has spread throughout much of the developing world. PPRV is now considered endemic throughout Africa, with the...

Author(s)
Clarke, B.; Mahapatra, M.; Friedgut, O.; Bumbarov, V.; Parida, S.
Publisher
Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA
Citation
PLoS ONE, 2017, 12, 5, pp e0177028
Abstract

The Old World (OW) arenavirus complex includes several species of rodent-borne viruses, some of which (i.e., Lassa virus, LASV and Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus, LCMV) cause human diseases. Most LCMV and LASV infections are caused by rodent-to-human transmissions. Thus, viral evolution is...

Author(s)
Pontremoli, C.; Forni, D.; Cagliani, R.; Pozzoli, U.; Riva, S.; Bravo, I. G.; Clerici, M.; Sironi, M.
Publisher
Wiley, Oxford, UK
Citation
Molecular Ecology, 2017, 26, 19, pp 5173-5188

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