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Abstract

The coevolution of myxoma virus (MYXV) and wild European rabbits in Australia and Europe is a paradigm for the evolution of a pathogen in a new host species. Genomic analyses have identified the mutations that have characterized this evolutionary process, but defining causal mutations in the...

Author(s)
Liu JuNe; Cattadori, I. M.; Sim, D. G.; Eden, J. S.; Holmes, E. C.; Read, A. F.; Kerr, P. J.
Publisher
American Society for Microbiology (ASM), Washington, USA
Citation
Journal of Virology, 2017, 91, 20, pp e01289-17
Abstract

Myxoma virus (MYXV) has been evolving in a novel host species-European rabbits-in Australia since 1950. Previous studies of viruses sampled from 1950 to 1999 revealed a remarkably clock-like evolutionary process across all Australian lineages of MYXV. Through an analysis of 49 newly generated MYXV...

Author(s)
Kerr, P. J.; Eden, J. S.; Giallonardo, F. di; Peacock, D.; Liu JuNe; Strive, T.; Read, A. F.; Holmes, E. C.
Publisher
American Society for Microbiology (ASM), Washington, D.C., USA
Citation
Journal of Virology, 2019, 93, 8, pp e01994-18
Abstract

The co-evolution of myxoma virus (MYXV) and the European rabbit occurred independently in Australia and Europe from different progenitor viruses. Although this is the canonical study of the evolution of virulence, whether the genomic and phenotypic outcomes of MYXV evolution in Europe mirror those...

Author(s)
Kerr, P. J.; Cattadori, I. M.; Rogers, M. B.; Fitch, A.; Geber, A.; Liu JuNe; Sim, D. G.; Boag, B.; Eden, J. S.; Ghedin, E.; Read, A. F.; Holmes, E. C.
Publisher
Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA
Citation
PLoS Pathogens, 2017, 13, 3, pp e1006252
Abstract

Marek's disease virus (MDV) is a pathogen of chickens whose control has twice been undermined by pathogen evolution. Disease ecology is believed to be the main driver of this evolution, yet mathematical models of MDV disease ecology have never been confronted with data to test their reliability....

Author(s)
Kennedy, D. A.; Dunn, P. A.; Read, A. F.
Publisher
Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Epidemics, 2018, 23, pp 85-95
Abstract

In host-pathogen arms races, increases in host resistance prompt counter-adaptation by pathogens, but the nature of that counter-adaptation is seldom directly observed outside of laboratory models. The best-documented field example is the coevolution of myxoma virus (MYXV) in European rabbits. To...

Author(s)
Kerr, P. J.; Cattadori, I. M.; Liu, J.; Sim, D. G.; Dodds, J. W.; Brooks, J. W.; Kennett, M. J.; Holmes, E. C.; Read, A. F.
Publisher
National Academy of Sciences, Washington DC, USA
Citation
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2017, 114, 35, pp 9397-9402
Abstract

Infectious diseases are economically detrimental to aquaculture, and with continued expansion and intensification of aquaculture, the importance of managing infectious diseases will likely increase in the future. Here, we use evolution of virulence theory, along with examples, to identify...

Author(s)
Kennedy, D. A.; Kurath, G.; Brito, I. L.; Purcell, M. K.; Read, A. F.; Winton, J. R.; Wargo, A. R.
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
Citation
Evolutionary Applications, 2016, 9, 2, pp 344-354
Abstract

Infection caused by parasitic nematodes of humans and livestock can have significant health and economic costs. Treatments aimed at alleviating these costs, such as chemotherapy and vaccination, alter parasite survival and reproduction, the main selective pressures shaping life-history traits such...

Author(s)
Lynch, P. A.; Grimm, U.; Read, A. F.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK
Citation
Parasitology, 2008, 135, 13, pp 1599-1611
Abstract

Marek's disease virus is a herpesvirus of chickens that costs the worldwide poultry industry more than US$1 billion annually. Two generations of Marek's disease vaccines have shown reduced efficacy over the last half century due to evolution of the virus. Understanding where the virus is present...

Author(s)
Kennedy, D. A.; Cairns, C.; Jones, M. J.; Bell, A. S.; Salathé, R. M.; Baigent, S. J.; Nair, V. K.; Dunn, P. A.; Read, A. F.
Publisher
American Association of Avian Pathologists, Athens, USA
Citation
Avian Diseases, 2017, 61, 2, pp 153-164
Abstract

Marek's disease virus (MDV), a commercially important disease of poultry, has become substantially more virulent over the last 60 years. This evolution was presumably a consequence of changes in virus ecology associated with the intensification of the poultry industry. Here, we assess whether...

Author(s)
Atkins, K. E.; Read, A. F.; Savill, N. J.; Renz, K. G.; Islam, A. F. M. F.; Walkden-Brown, S. W.; Woolhouse, M. E. J.
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell, Boston, USA
Citation
Evolution : International Journal of Organic Evolution, 2013, 67, 3, pp 851-860
Abstract

Myxoma virus (MYXV) is the type species of the Leporipoxviruses, a genus of Chordopoxvirinae, double stranded DNA viruses, whose members infect leporids and squirrels, inducing cutaneous fibromas from which virus is mechanically transmitted by biting arthropods. However, in the European rabbit (...

Author(s)
Kerr, P. J.; Liu, J.; Cattadori, I.; Ghedin, E.; Read, A. F.; Holmes, E. C.
Publisher
MDPI Publishing, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Viruses, 2015, 7, 3, pp 1020-1061

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