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Abstract

The brown trout (Salmo trutta L.) is widely distributed all around Europe but its natural diversity is threatened by massive stocking with Atlantic domestic strains. Describing the remaining natural genetic diversity and the proportion of domestic hatchery strains in rivers is a prerequisite for...

Author(s)
Berrebi, P.; Barucchi, V. C.; Splendiani, A.; Muracciole, S.; Sabatini, A.; Palmas, F.; Tougard, C.; Arculeo, M.; Marić, S.
Publisher
Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands
Citation
Hydrobiologia, 2019, 826, pp 209-231
Abstract

After domestication 11 000 years ago in Asia Minor, the goat followed human migration to Europe and Asia. It was then introduced in Africa and is now raised all over the world. In this study, we exploited a dataset composed of 54 000 SNPs (Illumina goat DNA chip) to analyze the genetic diversity of ...

Author(s)
Oget, C.; Servin, B.; Palhière, I.
Publisher
Wiley, Oxford, UK
Citation
Animal Genetics, 2019, 50, 1, pp 54-63
Abstract

Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) is responsible for one of the most economically important infectious diseases of livestock. The virus spreads very easily and continues to affect many countries (mainly in Africa and Asia). The risks associated with the introduction of FMDV result in major...

Author(s)
Jamal, S. M.; Belsham, G. J.
Publisher
Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Infection, Genetics and Evolution, 2018, 59, pp 84-98
Abstract

To better understand the evolution of hepadnaviruses, we sampled bats from Guizhou, Henan and Zhejiang provinces, China, and rodents from Zhejiang province. Genetically diverse hepadnaviruses were identified in a broad range of bat species, with an overall prevalence of 13.3%. In contrast, no...

Author(s)
Nie FangYuan; Lin XianDan; Hao ZongYu; Chen XiaoNan; Wang ZhaoXiao; Wang MiaoRuo; Wu Jun; Wang HongWei; Zhao GuoQiang; Ma, R. Z.; Holmes, E. C.; Zhang YongZhen
Publisher
Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Virology, 2018, 514, pp 88-97
Abstract

North Africa represents a rich and early reservoir of goat genetic diversity, from which the main African breeds have been derived. In this study, the genetic diversity of four indigenous Algerian goat breeds (i. e., Arabia, Makatia, M'Zabite and Kabyle, with n=12 for each breed) has been...

Author(s)
Ouchene-Khelifi, N. A.; Lafri, M.; Pompanon, F.; Ouhrouch, A.; Ouchene, N.; Blanquet, V.; Lenstra, J. A.; Benjelloun, B.; Silva, A. da
Publisher
Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA
Citation
PLoS ONE, 2018, 13, 8, pp e0202196
Abstract

The theme of this chapter is the relationship between meat consumption and hominid evolution. It is argued that in hominid evolution, scavenging led to hunting and then a virtuous circle with improvements in hunting techniques and technologies producing increases in meat available for consumption...

Author(s)
Scanes, C. G.
Publisher
Academic Press, London, UK
Citation
Animals and human society, 2018, pp 83-102
Abstract

HIV-1 arose as the result of spillover of simian immunodeficiency viruses (SIVs) from great apes in Africa, namely from chimpanzees and gorillas. Chimpanzees and gorillas were, themselves, infected with SIV after virus spillover from African monkeys. During spillover events, SIV is thought to...

Author(s)
Meyerson, N. R.; Warren, C. J.; Vieira, D. A. S. A.; Diaz-Griferro, F.; Sawyer, S. L.
Publisher
Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA
Citation
PLoS Pathogens, 2018, 14, 3, pp e1006906
Abstract

Background: Avian avulavirus (commonly known as avian paramyxovirus-1 or APMV-1) can cause disease of varying severity in both domestic and wild birds. Understanding how viruses move among hosts and geography would be useful for informing prevention and control efforts. A Bayesian statistical...

Author(s)
Hicks, J. T.; Dimitrov, K. M.; Afonso, C. L.; Ramey, A. M.; Bahl, J.
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
BMC Evolutionary Biology, 2019, 19, 108, pp (24 May 2019)
Abstract

Background: Clupeid fisheries in Lake Tanganyika (East Africa) provide food for millions of people in one of the world's poorest regions. Due to climate change and overfishing, the clupeid stocks of Lake Tanganyika are declining. We investigate the population structure of the Lake Tanganyika sprat ...

Author(s)
Keyzer, E. L. R. de; Corte, Z. de; Steenberge, M. van; Raeymaekers, J. A. M.; Calboli, F. C. F.; Kmentová, N.; Mulimbwa, T. N.; Virgilio, M.; Vangestel, C.; Mulungula, P. M.; Volckaert, F. A. M.; Vanhove, M. P. M.
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
BMC Evolutionary Biology, 2019, 19, 6, pp (8 January 2019)
Abstract

Defining rangelands as anthromes enabled Ellis and Ramankutty (2008) to conclude that more than three-quarters of Earth's land is anthropogenic; without rangelands, this figure would have been less than half. They classified all lands grazed by domestic livestock as rangelands, provided that human...

Author(s)
Sayre, N. F.; Davis, D. K.; Bestelmeyer, B.; Williamson, J. C.
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Land, 2017, 6, 2, pp 31

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