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Abstract

Parasites have evolved a diversity of lifestyles that exploit the biology of their hosts. Some nematodes that parasitize mammals pass via the placenta or milk from one host to another. Similar cases of vertical transmission have never been reported in avian and nonavian reptiles, suggesting that...

Author(s)
Feiner, N.; Souza-Lima, S. de; Jorge, F.; Naem, S.; Aubret, F.; Uller, T.; Nadler, S. A.
Publisher
University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA
Citation
American Naturalist, 2020, 195, 5, pp 918-926
Abstract

To identify potential pathogens responsible for a disease outbreak of cultured peafowls in China in 2013, metagenomic sequencing was conducted. The genomes of two closely related parvoviruses, namely peafowl parvovirus 1 (PePV1) and PePV2, were identified with size of 4428 bp and 4348 bp,...

Author(s)
Liu XiaoPing; Wang HanZhong; Liu XiaoQian; Li Yong; Chen Jing; Zhang Jun; Wang Xi; Shen Shu; Wang HuaLin; Deng Fei; Wang ManLi; Guan WuXiang; Hu ZhiHong
Publisher
Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Virology, 2020, 539, pp 80-91
Abstract

The protozoan parasites that cause malaria infect a wide variety of vertebrate hosts, including birds, reptiles, and mammals, and the evolutionary pressures inherent to the host-parasite relationship have profoundly shaped the genomes of both host and parasite. Here, we report that these selective...

Author(s)
Siao, M. C.; Borner, J.; Perkins, S. L.; Deitsch, K. W.; Kirkman, L. A.
Publisher
American Society for Microbiology (ASM), Washington, D.C., USA
Citation
mBio, 2020, 11, 2,
Abstract

Cattle possess the most diverse repertoire of NK cell receptor genes among all mammals studied to date. Killer cell receptor genes encoded within the NK complex and killer cell Ig-like receptor genes encoded within the leukocyte receptor complex have both been expanded and diversified. Our previous ...

Author(s)
Gibson, M. S.; Allan, A. J.; Sanderson, N. D.; Birch, J.; Gubbins, S.; Ellis, S. A.; Hammond, J. A.
Publisher
American Association of Immunologists, Bethesda, USA
Citation
Journal of Immunology, 2020, 204, 9, pp 2455-2463
Abstract

Social grouping is omnipresent in the animal kingdom. Considerable research has focused on understanding how animal groups form and function, including how collective behaviour emerges via self-organising mechanisms and how phenotypic variation drives the behaviour and functioning of animal groups. ...

Author(s)
Jolles, J. W.; King, A. J.; Killen, S. S.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 2020, 35, 3, pp 278-291
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Microbiome and mitochondria.

This chapter describes the interactions between the horse and its digestive tract microbes and the role of mitochondrial genetics on evolution, inheritance and racing performance.

Author(s)
Bailey, E.; Brooks, S. A.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781786392589)
Type
Book chapter
Abstract

Canine morbillivirus (CDV) is a serious pathogen that can cause fatal systemic disease in a wide range of domestic and wildlife carnivores. Outbreaks of CDV in wildlife species lead to questions regarding the dispersal of the CDV origin. In the present study, we identified a fatal CDV outbreak in...

Author(s)
Piewbang, C.; Chansaenroj, J.; Kongmakee, P.; Banlunara, W.; Poovorawan, Y.; Techangamsuwan, S.
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Viruses, 2020, 12, 4,
Abstract

RNA viruses are characterized by high mutation and recombination rates, which allow a rapid adaptation to new environments. Most of the emerging diseases and host jumps are therefore sustained by these viruses. Rapid evolution may also hinder the understanding of molecular epidemiology, affect the...

Author(s)
Legnardi, M.; Tucciarone, C. M.; Franzo, G.; Cecchinato, M.
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Veterinary Sciences, 2020, 7, 2,
Abstract

We report here the whole-genome sequence of a Chlamydia avium isolate recovered from a feral pigeon in 1999 in Italy. Only one complete genome of a C. avium strain has been published so far. Future comparative analyses could provide valuable insights on the genomic evolution of the pathogen.

Author(s)
Floriano, A. M.; Rigamonti, S.; Comandatore, F.; Scaltriti, E.; Longbottom, D.; Livingstone, M.; Laroucau, K.; Gaffuri, A.; Pongolini, S.; Magnino, S.; Vicari, N.
Publisher
American Society for Microbiology (ASM), Washington, D.C., USA
Citation
Microbiology Resource Announcements, 2020, 9, 16,
Abstract

The redescription of Opalina obtrigonoidea Metcalf, 1923, collected from the rectum of the toads Duttaphrynus melanostictus, is presented in this paper based on detailed morphological information and molecular data. Our results revealed that O. obtrigonoidea varies greatly in body dimensions. Its...

Author(s)
Zhao WeiShan; Hu GuangRan; Ponce-Gordo, F.; Zou Hong; Li WenXiang; Wu ShanGong; Li Ming; Wang GuiTang
Publisher
Elsevier Ireland Ltd, Shannon, Irish Republic
Citation
Parasitology International, 2020, 76,

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