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Abstract

The horse was essential to past human societies but became a recreational animal during the twentieth century as the world became increasingly mechanized. As the author reviews here, recent studies of ancient genomes have revisited the understanding of horse domestication, from the very early...

Author(s)
Orlando, L.
Publisher
Wiley, Chichester, UK
Citation
BioEssays, 2020, 42, 1,
Abstract

The domestic Bactrian camels were treated as one of the principal means of locomotion between the eastern and western cultures in history. However, whether they originated from East Asia or Central Asia remains elusive. To address this question, we perform whole-genome sequencing of 128 camels...

Author(s)
Ming Liang; Yuan LiYun; Yi Li; Ding GuoHui; Hasi SuRong; Chen GangLiang; Jambl, T.; Hedayat-Evright, N.; Batmunkh, M.; Badmaevna, G. K.; Gan-Erdene, T.; Ts, B.; Zhang WenBin; Zulipikaer, A.; Natyrov, A.; Mamay, P.; Meng GenDaLai; Narangerel, C.; Khongorzul, O.; He Jing; Hai Le; Lin WeiLi; Sirendalai; Sarentuya; Aiyisi; Li YiXue; Wang Zhen; Jirimutu
Publisher
Nature Publishing Group, London, UK
Citation
Communications Biology, 2020, 3, 1,
Abstract

Long-term domestication and selective breeding have increased the silk yield of the domestic silkworm (Bombyx mori) by several times the amount of the silk yield of its wild ancestor (Bombyx mandarina). However, little is known about the molecular mechanisms behind the increase in silk yield during ...

Author(s)
Zhou QiuZhong; Fu Ping; Li ShuShang; Zhang ChangJiang; Yu QuanYou; Qiu ChuanZhen; Zhang HongBo; Zhang Ze
Publisher
Frontiers Media S.A., Lausanne, Switzerland
Citation
Frontiers in Genetics, 2020, 11, March,
Abstract

The recovery of many populations of large carnivores and herbivores in major parts of Europe and North America offers ecosystem services and opportunities for sustainable utilization of wildlife. Examples of services are hunting, meat, and skin, along with less invasive utilization such as...

Author(s)
Thulin, C. G.; Röcklinsberg, H.
Publisher
Frontiers Media S.A., Lausanne, Switzerland
Citation
Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 2020, 6, April,
Abstract

Domestication of animal species is often associated with a reduction in genetic diversity. The honey bee, Apis mellifera Linnaeus, 1758, has been managed by beekeepers for millennia for both honey and wax production and for crop pollination. Here we use both microsatellite markers and sequence data ...

Author(s)
Rattanawannee, A.; Duangphakdee, O.; Chanchao, C.; Teerapakpinyo, C.; Warrit, N.; Wongsiri, S.; Oldroyd, B. P.
Publisher
Oxford University Press, Cary, USA
Citation
Journal of Economic Entomology, 2020, 113, 1, pp 34-42
Abstract

Wild ungulates can recognize certain predators without previous experience, but this innate ability may be relaxed under domestication. Using naïve dairy calves, Bos taurus, we examined the effects of exposure to a predator odour (coyote, Canis latrans, urine) and two control odours (deer urine and ...

Author(s)
Adcock, S. J. J.; Tucker, C. B.
Publisher
Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Animal Behaviour, 2020, 164, pp 173-180
Abstract

This study was carried out to estimate genetic parameters for morphology, body weight, and tonic immobility traits in the red-winged tinamou (Rhynchotus rufescens). Information on 690 birds was used and genetic parameters were estimated using Bayesian methods under a multi-trait animal model. The...

Author(s)
Santos, D. de O.; Araujo Neto, F. R. de; Santos, D. J. de A.; Santos, F. R. dos; Aspilcueta-Borquis, R. R.; Queiroz, S. A. de; Tonhati, H.
Publisher
Springer Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany
Citation
Tropical Animal Health and Production, 2020, 52, 1, pp 243-247
Abstract

Background: Despite their regional economic importance and being increasingly reared globally, the origins and evolution of the llama and alpaca remain poorly understood. Here we report reference genomes for the llama, and for the guanaco and vicuña (their putative wild progenitors), compare these...

Author(s)
Fan RuiWen; Gu ZhongRu; Guang XuanMin; Marín, J. C.; Varas, V.; González, B. A.; Wheeler, J. C.; Hu YaFei; Li ErLi; Sun XiaoHui; Yang XuKui; Zhang Chi; Gao WenJun; He JunPing; Munch, K.; Corbett-Detig, R.; Barbato, M.; Pan ShengKai; Zhan XiangJiang; Bruford, M. W.; Dong ChangSheng
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
Genome Biology, 2020, 21, 159, pp (2 July 2020)
Abstract

Although the gut microbiome benefits the host in several ways, how anthropogenic forces impact the gut microbiome of mammals is not yet completely known. Recent studies have noted reduced gut microbiome diversity in captive mammals due to changes in diet and living environment. However, no studies...

Author(s)
Prabhu, V. R.; Wasimuddin; Ranganathan Kamalakkannan; Arjun, M. S.; Muniyandi Nagarajan
Publisher
Frontiers Media S.A., Lausanne, Switzerland
Citation
Frontiers in Microbiology, 2020, 11, February,
Abstract

This chapter presents basic information on the evolution and domestication of horses highlighting the following: earliest ancestors of horses; role of climate and environment on the evolution of horses and archeological evidence for domestication of horses. Additional topics were also presented...

Author(s)
Bailey, E.; Brooks, S. A.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
Horse genetics, 2020, Ed.3, pp 7-15

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