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Abstract

This review deals with the dilution, freezing, cryoprotection, thawing and post-thawing treatment of fowl and turkey semen and the effect of freezing on semen fertilizing ability. [For Pt. 1 see Archiv für Tierzucht (1993) 36, 431-442].

Author(s)
Hübner, R.; Löhle, K.; Schramm, G. P.
Citation
Archiv für Tierzucht, 1994, 37, 1, pp 77-87
Abstract

Turkey semen diluted with ethylene glycol or N,N-dimethyl acetamide (DMA) was frozen slowly (by 1°C/min to -30°, standard method) and stored in liquid nitrogen, was frozen rapidly to -40° and stored in liquid nitrogen, or was frozen in pellets and stored in dry ice; the different treatments were...

Author(s)
Schramm, G. P.; Hübner, R.
Citation
Monatshefte für Veterinärmedizin, 1988, 43, 12, pp 426-427
Abstract

From data collected over several years, it was shown that ejaculation of turkey ♂♂ 3 times per week (compared with 1, 2 or 5 times per week) yielded the highest ejaculate volume (0.92-1.04 ml) while maintaining sperm concentration and fertilizing ability. For ♂ fowls and ♂ geese, the corresponding...

Author(s)
Pingel, H.; Stübe, M.
Publisher
Sektion Tierproduktion und Veterinärmedizin der Karl-Marx-Universität, Leipzig, German Democratic Republic
Citation
31. Internationale Geflügelvortragstagung. Reproduktion von Geflügel. Leipzig, Dezember 1987., 1988, pp 141-147
Abstract

In a comparison of the Blumberg diluent with the Beltsville extender, semen stored for 6 h before use gave an egg fertility of 95.7 and 88.2% resp., and a hatchability of fertile eggs of 81.0 and 75.1%. When the Blumberg diluent was used with an insemination interval of 7 and 14 days, egg fertility ...

Author(s)
Schramm, G. P.
Citation
Monatshefte für Veterinärmedizin, 1986, 41, 13, pp 460-463
Abstract

The authors' work on the use of the Blumberg poultry semen diluent, containing sodium glutamate, glucose and potassium acetate, is reviewed. After storage of semen diluted 1:1 in the medium for 6 h at 2°-5°C, insemination doses of 0.05 ml resulted in an egg fertility of 92.4% and hatchability of...

Author(s)
Schramm, G.-P.; Löhle, K.
Citation
Monatshefte für Veterinärmedizin, 1985, 40, 4, pp 135-138
Abstract

An account is given of AI in fowls, turkeys, geese and ducks, with details of semen collection and dilution, insemination dose, ejaculate size and sperm concentration. The role of AI in the hybridization of pheasants with turkeys and fowls, of fowls with turkeys and of ducks with Muscovy ducks is...

Author(s)
Löhle, K.
Citation
Tierzucht, 1984, 38, 11, pp 514-516
Abstract

In May-July, semen was obtained twice weekly from 5 male turkeys. Undiluted semen was stored for 30 min. at 22 deg C, was diluted 1:3 with a fructose-yolk-glycerol diluent, placed in medium-sized straws, cooled to 5 deg in 3 h, and frozen in liquid nitrogen vapour. The semen was thawed at 37 deg...

Author(s)
Schefels, W.
Citation
Zuchthygiene, 1978, 13, 2, pp 81
Abstract

White Leghorn hens (50/group) were inseminated with 0.10 ml fresh semen diluted 1:2 with diluents based on (1) glutamic acid, (2) alpha -keto-glutaric acid, (3) succinic acid, (4) tartaric acid, (5) serine, (6) a mixture of 1, 2 and 5, (7) a mixture of 1, 2 and 3, (8) a mixture of 1, 2 and 5,...

Author(s)
Reimschussel, U.; Pingel, H.
Citation
Tierzucht, 1975, 29, 11, pp 520-521
Abstract

In 1973, in the German Democratic Republic, 6600 tons of turkey meat was produced, representing 4.9% of the total production of poultry v 1400 tons and 2.8% in 1964. Approximately 25% of turkeys were produced at Neuglienicke, where 30 000 Beltsville White and Broad Breasted White breeding hens are...

Author(s)
Gansel, K.; Neubauer, H.
Citation
Tierzucht, 1974, 28, 6, pp 275-277
Abstract

The composition of oviduct fluids and seminal plasma was investigated; the fluids and plasma were found to contain inositol, glutamic acid and cysteine. After in vitro tests, a semen diluent was prepared consisting of inositol, glutamic acid, cysteine, a buffer and glucose. Field experiments showed ...

Author(s)
Litjens, J. B.; Horst, C. J. G. van der
Citation
VIIth International Congress on Animal Reproduction and Artificial Insemination, Munich, 1972, Summaries., 1972, pp 345-346

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