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Abstract

Permafrost represents a largely understudied genetic resource. Thawing of permafrost with global warming will not only promote microbial carbon turnover with direct feedback on greenhouse gases, but also unlock an unknown microbial diversity. Pioneering metagenomic efforts have shed light on the ...

Author(s)
Frey, B.; Rime, T.; Phillips, M.; Stierli, B.; Hajdas, I.; Widmer, F.; Hartmann, M.
Publisher
Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK
Citation
FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 2016, 92, 3, pp fiw018
Abstract

Increasing air temperatures are changing the arctic tundra biome. Permafrost is thawing, snow duration is decreasing, shrub vegetation is proliferating, and boreal wildlife is encroaching. Here we present evidence of the recent range expansion of North American beaver (Castor canadensis) into the...

Author(s)
Tape, K. D.; Jones, B. M.; Arp, C. D.; Nitze, I.; Grosse, G.
Publisher
Wiley, Oxford, UK
Citation
Global Change Biology, 2018, 24, 10, pp 4478-4488
Abstract

This article describes Bacillus anthracis strains isolated during an outbreak of anthrax on the Yamal Peninsula in the summer of 2016 and independently in Yakutia in 2015. A common feature of these strains is their conservation in permafrost, from which they were extracted either due to the thawing ...

Author(s)
Timofeev, V.; Bahtejeva, I.; Mironova, R.; Titareva, G.; Lev, I.; Christiany, D.; Borzilov, A.; Bogun, A.; Vergnaud, G.
Publisher
Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA
Citation
PLoS ONE, 2019, 14, 5, pp e0209140
Abstract

The purpose of this case study is to examine how environmental disruption and agricultural practices act synergistically to create a perfect storm for the spread of avian influenza. Actors in this case study include the vast permafrost landscape of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau; a wild goose that...

Author(s)
Canavan, B. C.
Publisher
Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Acta Tropica, 2019, 196, pp 93-101
Abstract

The Qinghai-Tibet (QT) Plateau Engineering Corridor is located in the hinterland of the QT Plateau, which is highly sensitive to global climate change. Climate change causes permafrost degradation, which subsequently affects vegetation growth. This study focused on the vegetation dynamics and their ...

Author(s)
Song Yi; Jin Long; Wang HaiBo
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Remote Sensing, 2018, 10, 1, pp 95
Abstract

Ancient samples present a number of technical challenges for DNA barcoding, including damaged DNA with low endogenous copy number and short fragment lengths. Nevertheless, techniques are available to overcome these issues, and DNA barcoding has now been used to successfully recover parasite DNA...

Author(s)
Morand, S.; Wood, J. R.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK
Citation
Parasitology, 2018, 145, 5, pp 646-655
Abstract

Questions: The rapid climate warming in tundra ecosystems can increase nutrient availability in the soil, which may initiate shifts in vegetation composition. The direction in which the vegetation shifts will co-determine whether Arctic warming is mitigated or accelerated, making the understanding...

Author(s)
Wang Peng; Limpens, J.; Nauta, A.; Huissteden, C. van; Rijssel, S. Q. van; Mommer, L.; Kroon, H. de; Maximov, T. C.; Heijmans, M. M. P. D.
Publisher
Wiley, Oxford, UK
Citation
Journal of Vegetation Science, 2018, 29, 1, pp 34-41
Abstract

The plant productivity of alpine meadow is predicted to generally increase under a warming climate, but it remains unclear whether the positive response rates will vary with soil water availability. Without consideration of the response of community composition and plant quality, livestock grazing...

Author(s)
Li ChengYang; Peng Fei; Xue Xian; You QuanGang; Lai ChiMin; Zhang WenJuan; Cheng YunXiang
Publisher
Frontiers Media S.A., Lausanne, Switzerland
Citation
Frontiers in Plant Science, 2018, 9, December, pp 1790
Abstract

Background: Pseudogymnoascus spp. is a wide group of fungi lineages in the family Pseudorotiaceae including an aggressive pathogen of bats P. destructans. Although several lineages of P. spp. were shown to produce ascospores in culture, the vast majority of P. spp. demonstrates no evidence of...

Author(s)
Leushkin, E. V.; Logacheva, M. D.; Penin, A. A.; Sutormin, R. A.; Gerasimov, E. S.; Kochkina, G. A.; Ivanushkina, N. E.; Vasilenko, O. V.; Kondrashov, A. S.; Ozerskaya, S. M.
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
BMC Genomics, 2015, 16, 400, pp (21 May 2015)
Abstract

The Global Symposium on Soil Organic Carbon (GSOC17) was jointly organized by the: (i) Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO); (ii) Global Soil Partnership (GSP) and its Intergovernmental Technical Panel on Soils (ITPS); (iii) Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC); ...

Publisher
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, Italy
Citation
Proceedings of the Global Symposium on Soil Organic Carbon 2017, Rome, Italy, 21-23 March, 2017, 2017, pp xi + 519 pp.

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